Drazen, S. M., & Haust, M. (1993, August). Raising reading readiness in low-income children by parent education. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Association.

Citation Year
Used in Implementation Reports
Study Participants

The intervention group comprised 20 Parents and Children Together (PACT) graduates ages 4 and 5 with the highest risk of school failure whose parents started participation in PACT between the time of the child’s birth and first birthday (most started when children were newborns). A comparison child was selected for each intervention child based on race, sex, educational experience, participation in Head Start, and number of risk factors, for a total of 20 comparison children.


This study took place in Binghamton City School District in New York.

Home Visiting Services

Trained and certified parent educators visit the families’ homes at least one per month, starting at birth and continuing until the child is 3 years old. Parent educators provide information about child development and demonstrate parenting techniques. They also refer parents to other agencies when appropriate. The program provides developmental screening tests, parent group meetings, and access to parenting resources such as books and toys.

Comparison Conditions

The comparison condition was business as usual.

Staff Characteristics and Training

No information given.

Author Affiliation

None of the authors is a developer of this model.

Funding Sources

No information given.

Not applicable
Not applicable
Citation short
Drazen, S. M., & Haust, M. (1993, August)
Confounding Factors
Baseline Equivalence
Established on race/ethnicity, SES, and outcomes
Screening Decision
Passes screens
Design Detail
Quasi-experimental design