Olds, D. L., Kitzman, H. J., Cole, R. E., Hanks, C. A., Arcoleo, K. J., Anson, E. A., Luckey, D. W., Knudtson, M. D., Henderson, C. R., Bondy, J., & Stevenson, A. J. (2010). Enduring effects of prenatal and infancy home visiting by nurses on maternal life course and government spending: Follow-up of a randomized trial among children at age 12 years. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 164(5), 419-424
The authors recruited women from the obstetric and pediatric care public system. A total of 743 pregnant women were enrolled and randomly assigned to treatment (228 women) or comparison (515 women). At the study’s onset, 92 percent of women in the sample were African American, 98.1 percent were unmarried, 64.1 percent were younger than 19 years, and 85 percent were living in households with incomes below the federal poverty threshold. For the 12-year follow-up, 594 women were interviewed. This sample is the same as that described in Kitzman et al. (2010) and reports on different outcomes from those described in that study.
Mothers in the nurse-visited condition were provided home visiting from pregnancy through their child’s second birthday, and the same assessment and referrals and transportation services provided to those in the comparison group.
Mothers in the comparison group were provided developmental screening and referral services for their child at age 6, 12, and 24 months, and free transportation for scheduled prenatal care.
All home visitors were nurses. No other information on training is provided.
This project was supported by grant 1R01MH68790-01 from the National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, and by grant 2004-52854-CO-JS0 from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.