Green, B. L., Tarte, J. M., Harrison, P. M., Nygren, M., & Sanders, M. B. (2014). Results from a randomized trial of the Healthy Families Oregon accredited statewide program: Early program impacts on parenting. Children and Youth Services Review, 44, 288-298.

Citation Year
Used in Implementation Reports
Study Participants

Mothers selected to participate in the study were screened by program staff using standard Healthy Families Oregon Program (HFO) screening procedures. Mothers were study-eligible if they were first-time mothers, were pregnant or had an infant up to 3 months old, and did not have medically fragile infants or children at risk of removal from the home, and if either the mother or the family was at risk according to HFO's screener assessment (the New Baby Questionnaire). Eligible, interested, and consenting mothers were randomly assigned in this randomized controlled trial to an HFO program or a control group (n=2,664). Researchers collected survey data at the children's first birthday on a random subsample of 1,604 participants (802 HFO, 802 control) out of the initially randomized 2,664 mothers. Mothers with survey data (803 in total) were analyzed, and their characteristics are as follows: 62 percent were white, 24 percent were Hispanic, and 14 percent were another race/ethnicity. Over one-fourth (28 percent) had less than a high school diploma or GED, and nearly one third (32 percent) reported that both parents were unemployed. One-fifth (20 percent) were depressed.


This study included seven Healthy Families Oregon sites, four of which were primarily urban and three of which were rural.

Home Visiting Services

The Healthy Families Oregon program enrolled first-time parents with two or more risk factors according to the program screener, the New Baby Questionnaire. Families enrolled during pregnancy or up to 90 days after the child's birth and received up to 3 years of home visiting services.

Comparison Conditions

Families assigned to the comparison condition received a standard resource and referral packet.

Staff Characteristics and Training

Not specified.

Author Affiliation

None of the study authors are developers of the model. The lead author is from the Center for Improvement of Child and Family Services at the Graduate School of Social Work at Portland State University. Other authors are from NPC Research.

Funding Sources

The grant (#90CA1782) was funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' Children's Bureau.

Study Reg

Clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: None found. Study registration was assessed by HomVEE beginning with the 2014 review.

Citation short
Green, B. L., Tarte, J. M., Harrison, P. M., Nygren, M., & Sanders, M. B. (2014)
Confounding Factors
Baseline Equivalence
Not established on race; not established on SES; not established on outcome measures assessable at baseline
Screening Decision
Passes screens
Design Detail
Randomized controlled trial