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Roggman, L. A., & Cook, G. A. (2010). Attachment, aggression, and family risk in a low-income sample. Family Science, 1(3), 191-204. doi:10.1080/19424620.2010.567829

Model(s) Reviewed: Early Head Start Home-Based Option
Manuscript screening details
Screening decision Screening conclusion
Passes screens Eligible for review
Study design details
Rating Design Attrition Baseline equivalence Reassignment Confounding factors
High Randomized controlled trial Low Established on race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status None None
Notes:

In 2020, HomVEE updated this review to move measures of physical punishment from the Reductions in Child Maltreatment domain to the Positive Parenting Practices domain because ACF determined that nonviolent discipline and corporal punishment outcomes belong in the Positive Parenting Practices domain, unless those outcome are assessed using the Conflict Tactics Scale-Parent/Child.

Study characteristics
Study participants Study participants were mothers and children recruited to one local program as part of a national evaluation. The total study sample included approximately 160 low-income families (exact number depended on outcome and timing of data collection; the research sample averaged $10,000 or less annual income for a two-adult, two-child family). A quarter of mothers were teenagers, a third had not completed high school, and more than a third were Latina.
Setting Not provided
Intervention services One Early Head Start program participated in the study. That program offered enrolled families weekly home visits lasting approximately 90 minutes. Home visitors spent at least three-quarters of each visit facilitating mother-child interactions through planned activities to promote early child development. During the remainder of the visit, the home visitor provided information about early child development and ideas for activities for child leaning and for nonpunitive discipline.
Comparison conditions Not provided
Staff characteristics and training Not specified
Funding sources The study was supported by grants from the Head Start Bureau for local research on EHS (90YF0004) and a subcontract with Mathematica Policy Research.
Author affiliation None of the study authors are developers of this model.

Findings details

Child development and school readiness
Rating Outcome measure Effect Sample Timing of follow-up Sample size Intervention group Comparison group Group difference Effect size Statistical significance Notes
High Child aggression (24 months)
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
one site from larger EHS evaluation 24 months 167 Not reported Not reported coeff = 0.06 Not available Not statistically significant, p ≥ 0.05

footnote152

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Higher score equals unfavorable; Note that this outcome controls for physical punishment at 24 months

High Child aggression (36 months)
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
one site from larger EHS evaluation 36 months 143 Not reported Not reported coeff = 0.07 Not available Not statistically significant, p ≥ 0.05

footnote153

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Higher score equals unfavorable; Note that this outcome measures the incremental impact between 24 months and 36 months and also controls for aggression at 24 months)

Positive parenting practices
Rating Outcome measure Effect Sample Timing of follow-up Sample size Intervention group Comparison group Group difference Effect size Statistical significance Notes
High Physical punishment (24 months)
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
one site from larger EHS evaluation 24 months 167 Not reported Not reported coeff = 0.04 Not available Not statistically significant, p ≥ 0.05

footnote150

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

High score equals unfavorable.

High Physical punishment (36 months)
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
one site from larger EHS evaluation 36 months 143 Not reported Not reported coeff = -0.22 Not available Statistically significant, p < 0.05

footnote151

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Higher score equals unfavorable; Note that this outcome measures the incremental impact between 24 months and 36 months

Outcome measure summary

Child development and school readiness
Outcome measure Description of measure Data collection method Properties of measure

Child aggression

For a 19-item subscale on aggression from the Child Behavior Checklist, the number of times a behavior was never true, true, or often true of the child Parent/caregiver report

Cronbach's α = 0.85

Positive parenting practices
Outcome measure Description of measure Data collection method Properties of measure

Physical punishment

Whether or not the child had been “spanked” in the last week, and if so, how many times

Parent/caregiver report

Not reported by author