Video-Feedback Intervention to Promote Positive Parenting-Sensitive Discipline® (VIPP-SD).Theoretical Model

VIPP-SD is theoretically grounded in attachment theory, developed by John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth, and coercion theory, developed by Gerald Patterson. Attachment theory emphasizes the importance of sensitive responsiveness, which refers to a caregiver accurately perceiving and responding to a child’s signals. Coercion theory states that children are more likely to exhibit negative behavior when caregivers use ineffective discipline techniques. VIPP-SD blends the two theories by encouraging caregivers to take into account the child’s perspective and signals when providing discipline.

VIPP-SD has been adapted for specific target populations, including families with infants, families with children who have autism, children in foster care, and second-generation Turkish families (described in Adaptations and Enhancements). Another adaptation of the model, Video-feedback Intervention to promote Positive Parenting adapted to Child Care, serves teaching staff in child care settings (and, because it is not delivered by home visits, that adaptation was excluded from the HomVEE review). This profile is based on versions of VIPP-SD that use home visiting as the primary service delivery method.