The HIPPY model includes five required components:
- A developmentally appropriate school readiness curriculum. HIPPY includes four separate curricula: Little Learners (Age 2) and HIPPY Age 3, Age 4, and Age 5. Each curriculum is structured as lesson plans that use storybooks, learning exercises, and activities to expand children’s literacy and language development, social and emotional development, and problem-solving skills.
- One-on-one weekly home visits. The home visitor works to build lasting relationships with the family by offering individual training in the family’s home. Home visits and group meetings strive to address the educational, social, and personal needs of enrolled families.
- HIPPY group meetings. Meetings are designed to provide social experiences for children and adults, expose participants to new concepts, and allow parents to find solutions to common challenges through information and resource sharing. Group meetings also foster active engagement in the program, especially when extended family members participate.
- Role play as the method of instruction in the curriculum. Role play allows parents to discuss the purpose of individual activities, reflect on their and their child’s learning needs, and develop new teaching skills. The use of role play is designed to create a non-threatening learning environment in which mistakes are accepted, and to support parents with any level of education in their efforts to become more effective as their children’s first teacher.
- Peer home visitors and professional coordinators. Staffing structure includes peer home visitors from the community in which the family is being served and professional coordinators with sensitivity to the needs of vulnerable families.
The first home visit serves recruitment and retention purposes. HIPPY USA recommends that the coordinator conduct the first home visit with a family to provide a comprehensive overview of the program, describe the commitment the program is making to the family, and explain the commitment required of the family. During the initial visit, the coordinator considers which of the program’s home visitors would be the best fit for the family.