Mothers’ Advocates in the Community (MOSAIC) Theoretical Model

MOSAIC draws on research evidence about three social support strategies designed to reduce intimate partner violence (IPV) and enhance women’s mental and physical health: (1) randomized trials of home visiting by nurses, paraprofessionals, and nonprofessional peers for new mothers living in disadvantaged communities; (2) a randomized trial of domestic violence advocacy by trained paraprofessionals for women leaving shelters or refuge; and (3) a randomized trial of a mentor mother model in which nonprofessional, trained mothers support pregnant women through domestic violence advocacy activities via home visits and phone calls.

MOSAIC hypothesized that reducing isolation, providing links to community resources, and providing sustained help from mentor mothers would reduce IPV and depression and encourage women to take actions to increase their safety. Reduction of abuse would further reduce depression and enhance women’s general health and mother-child bonding.