Implementing Parent-Child Assistance Program (P-CAP)

Implementation last updated: 2016

The information in this profile reflects feedback, if provided, from this model’s developer as of the above date. The description of the implementation of the model(s) here may differ from how the model(s) was implemented in the research reviewed to determine this model’s evidence of effectiveness. Inclusion in the implementation report does not mean the practices described meet the HHS criteria for evidence of effectiveness. Similarly, models described here may not all have impact studies, and those with impact studies may vary in their effectiveness. Please see the Effectiveness button on the left for more information about research on the effectiveness of the models discussed here.

Training to support implementation

Requirements for program certification

PCAP provides a pre-implementation checklist that helps agencies assess the feasibility of replicating the program. The checklist outlines the community and agency characteristics necessary to support program replication.

Developer certification is not required to replicate the model.

View Revisions

Pre-service staff training

Staff implementing PCAP must attend a three-day training that provides an overview of the model, including the theoretical foundations and core components; service delivery forms; goal setting with clients; implementation and supervision best practices; supervision, safety, and legal protocols; case manager boundaries; strategies for avoiding burnout; and an introduction to the program evaluation tools with practice exercises.

Additional case manager training that involves shadowing experienced case managers is available.

PCAP recommends additional supervisor training that includes instruction on the Addiction Severity Index, which is used to assess needs and measure program outcomes, and the opportunity to shadow experienced PCAP supervisors.

Staff are not required to achieve certification to implement the program.

View Revisions

In-service staff training

Case managers and supervisors must participate in an annual two-day refresher training on the fundamentals of the PCAP model, including service delivery best practices, interactive goal-setting and practice, and case manager safety protocols and boundaries.

PCAP recommends in-service training on the following topics:

  • Substance use disorders, including behavior, treatment considerations, and relapse prevention;
  • Motivational Interviewing;
  • Co-occurring mental health disorders;
  • Family planning, including methods and contraindications;
  • Domestic violence;
  • Infant developmental stages and caregiving techniques with an emphasis on children exposed to alcohol or drugs;
  • Car seat safety for infants and children; and
  • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) certification.
View Revisions

Training materials

Many training materials are available on the PCAP website, including the manual, published articles, protocols, forms, and videos that introduce the model and demonstrate an introductory client goal-setting activity.

The following additional materials are provided during the pre-service training: sample client Microsoft Office Access database and instruction manual, sample client file, the Substance Abuse Mental Health Services Administration’s Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 35: Enhancing Motivation for Change in Substance Abuse Treatment, and Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: A Guide for Families and Communities by Ann Streissguth.

View Revisions

Qualified trainers

The UW Fetal Alcohol and Drug Unit staff provide the training.

View Revisions

Technical assistance

The UW Fetal Alcohol and Drug Unit staff provide ongoing technical assistance as needed.

View Revisions

Implementation notes

The information contained on this page was last updated in May 2016. Recommended Further Reading lists the sources for this information. In addition, the information contained in this profile was reviewed for accuracy by Therese Grant, Ph.D., University of Washington, on May 6, 2016. HomVEE reserves the right to edit the profile for clarity and consistency.

View Revisions