Implementing Resources, Education, and Care in the Home (REACH)
Model implementation summary last updated: 2011
The information in this implementation report reflects feedback, if provided, from this model’s developer as of the above date. The description of the implementation of the model(s) here may differ from how the model(s) was implemented in the manuscripts reviewed to determine this model’s evidence of effectiveness. Inclusion in the implementation report does not mean the practices described meet the HHS criteria for evidence of effectiveness. Please see the Effectiveness button on the left for more information about any research on the effectiveness of the model, including any version(s) of the model with effectiveness research. Versions of the model that are described in the Adaptations and enhancements section of this implementation report may include (1) versions that were identified by the model’s developer and (2) versions that have been implemented by researchers and have manuscripts that HomVEE rated high or moderate, but that are not supported by the model’s developer.
REACH included case management provided by a hospital-based registered nurse case manager who coordinated mothers’ contacts with participating REACH agencies, made referrals to social service organizations, and provided counseling.
The first home visit occurred two weeks after hospital discharge and was conducted by a two-person team that included a community health advocate (CHA) and the registered nurse case manager. Each mother received a physical and psychological assessment and each infant received a physical and developmental assessment. The team also completed an environmental assessment of the home and observed mother-child interaction. Families with no identified acute issues during the first home visit received three subsequent visits at the infant’s age of six to eight weeks, 4 months, and 8 months. A public health nurse or aide from the CDPH collected information on the infant’s health and development. A final visit occurred at 12 months, during which the two-person registered nurse case manager and CHA team returned and conducted a physical and developmental examination of the infant, reviewed family program records, and verified immunizations.
If problems were identified during the first home visit, the family was referred to VNA. VNA conducted a home visit within seven days to address the identified issues; these families did not receive a visit at six to eight weeks. After the issues had been addressed, the family was referred back to the nurse case manager for reassignment to the standard program schedule.
Telephone or mail contact was used to check the outcome of referrals, address concerns voiced by mothers, confirm appointments and follow up regarding missed appointments, verify immunization status, and verify the most recent address. Monthly newsletters mailed to mothers provided age-appropriate information and reminded them to contact staff if they planned to move.
Model intensity and length
REACH required home visits at the ages of two weeks; six to eight weeks; and 4, 8, and 12 months, with additional visits as necessary.
Adaptations and enhancements
REACH has evolved into a program called REACH Futures, which gives the community health worker a greater role in service provision and interaction with the family as part of a nurse-managed team.