Implementing Pride in Parenting (PIP)

Implementation support is not currently available for the model as reviewed.

Implementation last updated: 2013

The information in this profile reflects feedback, if provided, from this model’s developer as of the above date. The description of the implementation of the model(s) here may differ from how the model(s) was implemented in the research reviewed to determine this model’s evidence of effectiveness. Inclusion in the implementation report does not mean the practices described meet the HHS criteria for evidence of effectiveness. Similarly, models described here may not all have impact studies, and those with impact studies may vary in their effectiveness. Please see the Effectiveness button on the left for more information about research on the effectiveness of the models discussed here.

Prerequisites for implementation

Type of implementing program

PIP was directed by the PIP research team and implemented at each of the hospital sites by PIP staff. The PIP research team included a health communication specialist, early interventionists, psychologists, nurses, public health personnel, physicians, and research specialists.

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Staffing requirements

PIP staff included six paraprofessional home visitors, an infant development specialist who led the hospital-based group sessions and supervised home visitors, and a family resource specialist who called mothers each month to provide referrals.

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Staff education and experience

PIP recruited staff members who resided in Washington, DC, and were deemed culturally competent to work with the program’s target population.

The infant development specialist had a master’s degree.

Home visitors were recruited based on the following desired traits:

  • Commitment to work in community services 
  • Personal warmth and maturity 
  • Nonjudgmental attitude 
  • Good communication skills 
  • Experience with childrearing 
  • Familiarity with the local community and its resources 
  • Demonstrated ability to hold a job 
  • Preferable: previous work or volunteer experience with mothers and children 

No information is available regarding the education and experience of the family resource specialist.

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Supervision requirements

The infant development specialist supervised the six home visitors through regular meetings. Issues around family conflict or risk behaviors that arose during supervisory meetings were later shared at regular all-staff meetings for discussion and strategizing. Specifically, home visitors and the infant development specialist presented difficult cases, such as families with domestic conflict or risk behaviors. Staff would help the home visitor delineate the problem, brainstorm solutions, and develop a plan for resolution. Home visitors provided feedback about the strategy’s success at later meetings. No information is available regarding the frequency of supervisory meetings.

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Staff ratio requirements

No information is available.

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Data systems/technology requirements

No information is available.

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Implementation notes

The information contained on this page was last updated in April 2013. Recommended Further Reading lists the sources for this information

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