Implementing Play and Learning Strategies (PALS)

Entries in this row combine information across all versions of PALS. Only PALS Infant meets HHS criteria for an evidence-based home visiting model. Some other versions of PALS have at least one manuscript about a high- or moderate-quality impact study, but no version of the model other than PALS Infant meets HHS criteria for an evidence-based home visiting model.

Model implementation summary last updated: 2019

The information in this implementation report reflects feedback, if provided, from this model’s developer as of the above date. The description of the implementation of the model(s) here may differ from how the model(s) was implemented in the manuscripts reviewed to determine this model’s evidence of effectiveness. Inclusion in the implementation report does not mean the practices described meet the HHS criteria for evidence of effectiveness. Please see the Effectiveness button on the left for more information about any research on the effectiveness of the model, including any version(s) of the model with effectiveness research. Versions of the model that are described in the Adaptations and enhancements section of this implementation report may include (1) versions that were identified by the model’s developer and (2) versions that have been implemented by researchers and have manuscripts that HomVEE rated high or moderate, but that are not supported by the model’s developer.

Materials and forms to support implementation

Service delivery forms

No information is available.
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Assessment tools

The parent coach uses the Parent Engagement Rating Form to measure parents’ comprehension and use of PALS strategies. Parent coaches use the form to tailor sessions to parents’ needs. The coaches may place more or less emphasis on a particular strategy based on the information obtained from the form.

Parent and child change is measured by video observational techniques that are coded by the supervisor or Children’s Learning Institute. In addition, standardized measures (including the Receptive One-Word Picture Vocabulary Test, Expressive One-Word Picture Vocabulary Test, and Preschool Language Scale) serve to measure children’s outcomes. An ecomap, a pictorial assessment of an individual’s social environment, serves to measure improvement in family functioning.

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Parent coaches use the PALS Infant curriculum or the PALS Toddler/Preschooler curriculum. Each curriculum consists of a scripted manual, set of exemplar videos, and age-appropriate toy bag.
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Available languages

Curriculum materials are available in English and Spanish.
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Fidelity measurement

A supervisor assesses the parent coach’s fidelity to the model monthly using a checklist during a home visit observation. The checklist is provided during the PALS training.
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Fidelity standards

To support PALS implementation, scripted parent coach manuals are available for purchase from the Children’s Learning Institute. No information is available about the fidelity standards that implementing programs or parent coaches are required to meet.

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Implementation notes

The information contained on this page was last updated in October 2019. Recommended further reading lists the sources for this information. In addition, the information contained in this profile was reviewed for accuracy by the Children’s Learning Institute in May 2019. HomVEE reserves the right to edit the profile for clarity and consistency.

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