Implementing Play and Learning Strategies (PALS)

Entries in this row combine information across all versions of PALS. Only PALS Infant meets HHS criteria for an evidence-based home visiting model. Some other versions of PALS have at least one manuscript about a high- or moderate-quality impact study, but no version of the model other than PALS Infant meets HHS criteria for an evidence-based home visiting model.

Model implementation summary last updated: 2019

The information in this implementation report reflects feedback, if provided, from this model’s developer as of the above date. The description of the implementation of the model(s) here may differ from how the model(s) was implemented in the manuscripts reviewed to determine this model’s evidence of effectiveness. Inclusion in the implementation report does not mean the practices described meet the HHS criteria for evidence of effectiveness. Please see the Effectiveness button on the left for more information about any research on the effectiveness of the model, including any version(s) of the model with effectiveness research. Versions of the model that are described in the Adaptations and enhancements section of this implementation report may include (1) versions that were identified by the model’s developer and (2) versions that have been implemented by researchers and have manuscripts that HomVEE rated high or moderate, but that are not supported by the model’s developer.

Estimated costs of implementation

Average cost per family

The estimated cost of PALS per family depends on the number of coaches and their case load. Using an estimate of five coaches serving 15 families for two cohorts per year, the average cost per family is $1,600 (in 2019 dollars). The estimate includes the parent coaches’ salaries; supervisor’s salary; and training, certification, and materials for both curricula.
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Labor costs

Annual labor costs are estimated to be $35,000 for each parent coach and $45,000 for the supervisor (2019 dollars).
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Purchase of model or operating license

There is not a model or licensing fee at this time.
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Cost of materials and forms

Each parent coach requires the following materials to implement PALS Infant or PALS Toddler/Preschooler (price is in 2019 dollars):

  • Curriculum DVD, $25 per curriculum
  • Curriculum manual, $75 per curriculum
  • Toy bag, $400 per curriculum
  • Video camera, $350
  • Tripod, $50
  • Portable DVD player, $120 (can substitute a laptop or TV and DVD player)

All materials are available in English and Spanish and can be purchased through the Children’s Learning Institute (except for the video camera, tripod, and portable DVD player).

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Cost of training and technical assistance

Estimated costs for training on PALS Infant or PALS Toddler/Preschooler is $5,000 (in 2019 dollars) for 2.5 days. Training costs do not include travel or materials. PALS parent coach certification is required and costs $500 per parent educator and curriculum.
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Infrastructure costs

No information is available about the costs of data systems used to support implementation.
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Recruitment and retention costs

No information is available about the costs of recruiting and retaining families.
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Implementation notes

The information contained on this page was last updated in October 2019. Recommended further reading lists the sources for this information. In addition, the information contained in this profile was reviewed for accuracy by the Children’s Learning Institute in May 2019. HomVEE reserves the right to edit the profile for clarity and consistency.

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