Implementing ParentChild+® Core Model

Implementation last updated: 2019

The information in this profile reflects feedback, if provided, from this model’s developer as of the above date. The description of the implementation of the model(s) here may differ from how the model(s) was implemented in the research reviewed to determine this model’s evidence of effectiveness. Inclusion in the implementation report does not mean the practices described meet the HHS criteria for evidence of effectiveness. Similarly, models described here may not all have impact studies, and those with impact studies may vary in their effectiveness. Please see the Effectiveness button on the left for more information about research on the effectiveness of the models discussed here.

Prerequisites for implementation

Type of implementing program

The following types of organizations can implement the ParentChild+ Core Model: school districts, individual schools/charter schools, social service agencies, community-based organizations, faith-based organizations, immigrant aid organizations, community health centers, public libraries, family resource centers, county or regional educational or social service agencies, or other similar local or regional entities. Local program sites must demonstrate that they have a referral network that can support families’ multiple needs.

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Staffing requirements

The ParentChild+ Core Model requires two types of staff positions: (1) home visitors, called Early Learning Specialists, who deliver the model to families; and (2) site coordinators who run the local program sites and train, support, and supervise the home visitors. The National Center requires that program sites have one site coordinator per 50 to 60 families served.

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Staff education and experience

The ParentChild+ Core Model utilizes paraprofessionals as home visitors. The National Center does not have specific educational requirements for home visitors; however, home visitors must be able to prepare a written report on each home visit that conveys to the site coordinator what happened during the visit and their observations of the parents and the child. The home visitor must also be able to administer certain assessment measures.

The National Center supports program sites to hire former program parent-participants and/or community residents as home visitors. Home visitors may also be volunteers from AmeriCorps or AmeriCorps Volunteers in Service to America (VISTA), or social work or early childhood students.

Experience working with young children or families, paid or volunteer, is desirable, but not mandatory. The National Center recommends seeking home visitors who demonstrate: a desire to work with both adults and young children, a desire to contribute to the community, a willingness to learn on an ongoing basis, the ability to work independently, and excellent judgment.

The National Center requires that site coordinators have a minimum of a bachelor’s degree in education, social work, or a related field.

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Supervision requirements

The National Center does not have guidelines on the number of home visitors a site coordinator can supervise; instead, it requires that program sites have one site coordinator per 50 to 60 families served, which means that site coordinators typically oversee no more than 10 home visitors and as few as 3.

The National Center requires that site coordinators have a weekly minimum two-hour staff meeting during which they provide group supervision and training for the home visitors they supervise. During the meetings, the site coordinators review the curricular materials for the week’s home visits, using techniques such as role playing, and they review what happened in the previous week’s home visits, highlighting successes and brainstorming solutions to challenges. These meetings use reflective supervision and relationship-based practice.

The National Center also requires that the site coordinator observe each home visitor conducting home visits, either in person or on video, twice a year and that individual supervision occur at least after each of these observations, and more frequently as needed. In addition, site coordinators meet with or talk to participating families several times a year, separately from the home visitors, to obtain families’ assessments of the home visits.

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Staff ratio requirements

The National Center recommends that home visitors work with no more than 16 families on a full-time basis. Most program sites have home visitors who serve 8 to 14 families each.

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Data systems/technology requirements

The National Center operates a web-based Management Information System (MIS). The system facilitates the tracking and reporting of data on participants at the local level and enables program sites to provide the National Center with aggregate data on implementation and outcomes, including participants’ subsequent performance on measures of school readiness and school success. Each local program site must have at least one computer with internet access to use the MIS. The MIS provides analytics to facilitate monitoring of fidelity.

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Implementation notes

The information contained on this page was last updated in August 2019. Recommended Further Reading lists the sources for this information. In addition, the information contained in this profile was reviewed for accuracy by The Parent-Child Home Program National Center on February 7, 2019. HomVEE reserves the right to edit the profile for clarity and consistency.

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