There are no definitive risk factors for the development of childhood asthma. Therefore, many asthma-related primary prevention programs target children whose parents have asthma. As children with asthmatic parents represent only a small proportion of the total population of children with asthma, CAPS aimed to intervene with a broader range of children at risk of developing asthma, namely young children who had experienced wheezing episodes. In addition to the standard allergen-reduction efforts undertaken in other programs, the CAPS model also targeted the psychosocial factors that might affect successful illness management, such as parental knowledge of health promotion activities and caregiver mental health issues.
Implementing Childhood Asthma Prevention Study (CAPS)
Implementation last updated: 2014
The information in this profile reflects feedback, if provided, from this model’s developer as of the above date. The description of the implementation of the model(s) here may differ from how the model(s) was implemented in the research reviewed to determine this model’s evidence of effectiveness. Inclusion in the implementation report does not mean the practices described meet the HHS criteria for evidence of effectiveness. Similarly, models described here may not all have impact studies, and those with impact studies may vary in their effectiveness. Please see the Effectiveness button on the left for more information about research on the effectiveness of the models discussed here.
The Childhood Asthma Prevention Study (CAPS) was designed and implemented by staff from National Jewish Health (formerly the National Jewish Medical and Research Center).
CAPS served young children living in low-income households, who were between 9 and 24 months and had at least three wheezing episodes that had been brought to the attention of a physician.
The intervention was designed to reduce children’s wheezing-related morbidity by reducing household allergens and increasing caregiver illness-management capabilities.
CAPS provided home-based services that addressed allergen and environmental tobacco smoke reduction, illness management, parent-child relationships, and caregiver mental health. The home visitors guided and supported caregivers’ efforts to achieve health promotion goals through education, problem solving, and referrals for additional services.
Model intensity and length
The intervention consisted of 18 home visits delivered over the course of a year. No information is available on the length of the visits.
The information contained on this page was last updated in May 2014. In addition, the information contained in this profile was reviewed for accuracy by Dr. Mary D. Klinnert at National Jewish Health on May 2, 2014. HomVEE reserves the right to edit the profile for clarity and consistency.