Video-Feedback Intervention to promote Positive Parenting-Sensitive Discipline® (VIPP-SD)

Model effectiveness research report last updated: 2019

Effects shown in research & outcome measure details

Positive parenting practices

Findings rated high

Adapted Video Interaction to Promote Positive Parenting (iBASIS - VIPP)
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Outcome measure Effect Follow-up timing Sample Sample size Intervention group Comparison group Group difference Effect size Statistical significance

Manchester Assessment of Caregiver-Infant Interaction (MACI) Caregiver non-directiveness

FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect

5 months

iBASIS-VIPP vs. usual care, London and Manchester

54 dyads Not reported Not reported Not reported = 0.81

Statistically significant, p < 0.05

Manchester Assessment of Caregiver-Infant Interaction (MACI) Caregiver sensitive responding

FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect

5 months

iBASIS-VIPP vs. usual care, London and Manchester

54 dyads Not reported Not reported Not reported = -0.06

Not statistically significant, p ≥ 0.05

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Outcome measure Outcome measure description Collection method Properties

Manchester Assessment of Caregiver-Infant Interaction (MACI) Caregiver non-directiveness

The Manchester Assessment of Caregiver-Infant Interaction (MACI) is a collection of scales used to evaluate qualitative aspects of caregiver-child interaction observed in videotaped play.

Trained observation

Authors report this measure is validated and demonstrates high inter-rater agreement during the study.

Manchester Assessment of Caregiver-Infant Interaction (MACI) Caregiver sensitive responding

The Manchester Assessment of Caregiver-Infant Interaction (MACI) is a collection of scales used to evaluate qualitative aspects of caregiver-child interaction observed in videotaped play.

Trained observation

Authors report this measure is validated and demonstrates high inter-rater agreement during the study.

Findings rated moderate

Video-Feedback Intervention to Promote Positive Parenting adapted to Autism (VIPP-AUTI)
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Outcome measure Effect Follow-up timing Sample Sample size Intervention group Comparison group Group difference Effect size Statistical significance Notes

Maternal attitudes questionnaire: sensitive discipline

FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect

1 year

VIPP-SD vs. comparison, western Netherlands

242 dyads Adjusted mean = 60.71 Adjusted mean = 57.37 MD = 3.34 = 0.27

Statistically significant, p = 0.04

footnote1452

Submitted by user on Thu, 05/09/2019 - 19:33
The p-value is based on a MANOVA that controls for child sex and age and dichotomous variables for child temperament, daily hassles, marital discord, maternal well-being, and the educational attainment of those delivering VIPP-SD.

Maternal attitudes questionnaire: sensitivity

FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect

1 year

VIPP-SD vs. comparison, western Netherlands

242 dyads Adjusted mean = 65.01 Adjusted mean = 59.24 MD = 5.77 = 0.56

Statistically significant, p = 0.00

footnote1452

Submitted by user on Thu, 05/09/2019 - 19:33
The p-value is based on a MANOVA that controls for child sex and age and dichotomous variables for child temperament, daily hassles, marital discord, maternal well-being, and the educational attainment of those delivering VIPP-SD.

Maternal negative discipline

FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect

1 year

VIPP-SD vs. comparison, western Netherlands

242 dyads Unadjusted mean = -0.07 Unadjusted mean = 0.07 MD = -0.14 = -0.06

Not statistically significant, p = 0.65

footnote162

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Negative value is favorable to the intervention.

Maternal positive discipline

FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect

1 year

VIPP-SD vs. comparison, western Netherlands

242 dyads Unadjusted mean = 0.35 Unadjusted mean = -0.36 MD = 0.71 = 0.34

Statistically significant, p = 0.01

Maternal sensitivity

FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect

1 year

VIPP-SD vs. comparison, western Netherlands

242 dyads Unadjusted mean = 0.00 Unadjusted mean = 0.00 MD = 0.00 = 0.00

Not statistically significant, p = 1.00

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Outcome measure Outcome measure description Collection method Properties

Maternal attitudes questionnaire: sensitive discipline

The maternal attitudes questionnaire was adapted from scales developed by Bakermans-Kranenburg & Van IJzendoorn (2003). It is designed to gauge maternal opinion of sensitive discipline practices. The maternal attitudes toward sensitive discipline subscale involved 10 of the items in the questionnaire. Mother report

Authors reported that this measure is internally consistent, with a Cronbach's alpha of .58

Maternal attitudes questionnaire: sensitivity

The maternal attitudes questionnaire was adapted from scales developed by Bakermans-Kranenburg & Van IJzendoorn (2003). It is designed to gauge maternal opinion of sensitive discipline practices. The maternal attitudes toward sensitivity subscale involved 9 of the items in the questionnaire. Mother report

Authors reported that this measure is internally consistent, with a Cronbach's alpha of .54

Maternal negative discipline

The maternal positive discipline measure rates negative discipline actions by mothers in mother-child dyadic interaction. Interactions involving prohibition, physical obstruction, and giving in were considered negative. Trained observation

Authors reported that this measure was internally consistent and that subscale scores were standardized prior to being added. Inter-rater reliability was 0.85.

Maternal positive discipline

The maternal positive discipline measure rates positive discipline actions by mothers in mother-child dyadic interaction. Interactions involving distraction, induction, and understanding were considered positive. Trained observation

Authors reported that this measure was internally consistent and that subscale scores were standardized prior to being added. Inter-rater reliability was 0.85.

Maternal sensitivity

The maternal sensitivity measure was adapted by the authors from scales developed by Egeland et al. (1990). It is designed to rate sensitive actions by mothers in mother-child dyadic interaction. Trained observation

Authors reported that this measure was internally consistent and that subscale scores were standardized prior to being added. Inter-rater reliability ranges from 0.71 to 0.80.

Video-Feedback Intervention to Promote Positive Parenting adapted to Autism (VIPP-AUTI)
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Outcome measure Effect Follow-up timing Sample Sample size Intervention group Comparison group Group difference Effect size Statistical significance

Parental Emotional Availability Scales (EAS): Non-intrusiveness

FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect

Immediate post-test

VIPP-AUTI vs. usual care, Utrecht

76 dyads Adjusted mean = 4.06 Adjusted mean = 3.94 MD = 0.12 = 0.47

Statistically significant, p = 0.04

Parental Emotional Availability Scales (EAS): Sensitivity

FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect

Immediate post-test

VIPP-AUTI vs. usual care, Utrecht

76 dyads Adjusted mean = 6.34 Adjusted mean = 6.36 MD = -0.02 = 0.13

Not statistically significant, p = 0.56

Parental Emotional Availability Scales (EAS): Structuring

FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect

Immediate post-test

VIPP-AUTI vs. usual care, Utrecht

76 dyads Adjusted mean = 3.74 Adjusted mean = 3.82 MD = -0.08 = 0.12

Not statistically significant, p = 0.59

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Outcome measure Outcome measure description Collection method Properties

Parental Emotional Availability Scales (EAS): Non-intrusiveness

The Parental Emotional Availability Scales (EAS): Non-intrusiveness scale measures parent-child interactions for absence of interfering, overprotectiveness, and overwhelming behaviors.

Observer-rated

Scale from 1 to 5. Interrater reliability for the non-intrusiveness scale was 0.77.

Parental Emotional Availability Scales (EAS): Sensitivity

The Parental Emotional Availability Scales (EAS): Sensitivity scale measures parent-child interactions for parent's responsiveness to child's emotional signals and adjusting communication style for child's emotions.

Observer-rated

Scale from 1 to 9. Interrater reliability for the sensitivity scale was 0.77.

Parental Emotional Availability Scales (EAS): Structuring

The Parental Emotional Availability Scales (EAS): Structuring scale measures parent-child interactions for parent's ability to support child's learning and exploration and respect autonomy.

Observer-rated

Scale from 1 to 5. Interrater reliability for the structuring scale was 0.78.

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