Triple P - Positive Parenting Program®—Variants suitable for home visiting

No Triple P intervention is exclusively delivered in the home with families with children from birth through age 5. This profile is based on (1) studies of programs that provided Triple P services in the home to families with children from birth through age 5, and (2) developer input on the Triple P interventions suitable for delivery in the home with families with children from birth through age 5.

Last updated: May 2019

In Brief

Evidence of Model Effectiveness

This model does not meet the criteria established by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) for an “evidence-based early childhood home visiting service delivery model” for the general population or for tribal populations.

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Model Description

Triple P – Positive Parenting Program® (Triple P) is a parenting and family support system designed to prevent and treat behavioral and emotional problems in children from birth through their teenage years. To meet the needs of different families and implementing agencies, the Triple P system includes interventions that increase in intensity across five levels of service. The system also includes a range of delivery methods (such as one-on-one consultations in the home or group seminars) and can be provided by staff from multiple disciplines (including paraprofessionals, counselors, and nurses). The intensity and length of services also vary by intervention. For example, Primary Care Triple P (Level 3) includes approximately four weekly individual consultations of 15 to 30 minutes each, and Enhanced Triple P (Level 5) includes approximately eight weekly individualized sessions, each lasting 60 to 90 minutes.

The HomVEE review is based on studies of programs that provided Triple P services in the home to families with children from birth through age 5 (Triple P–Variants suitable for home visiting).

This report also includes reviews of one module (Child Management Training) of a Level 4 Triple P intervention and a version of an adaptation of Triple P (Standard Stepping Stones Triple P) for children with a disability; both of which are suitable for delivery in the home. During the Child Management Training module, practitioners meet with parents in the home and explain how parents can help teach their children new behaviors using strategies such as descriptive praise and contingent consequences. The practitioner provides verbal and written instruction and models behavior in an effort to teach parents steps intended to modify their child’s behavior. Then, the practitioner observes parent–child interactions and provides verbal feedback and written enrichment materials. (As Triple P was being developed, this module was originally called Instructions + Feedback.) Standard Stepping Stones is an adaptation of Triple P intended specifically for parents of children with disabilities. It provides assessment of parenting strategies and then instruction and support that aim to promote child competencies in social and language skills, emotional skills, independence, and problem solving.

For more information about Triple P–Variants suitable for home visiting, please read the Model Overview.

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Extent of Evidence

Triple P - Positive Parenting Program®—Variants suitable for home visiting
Results of Research and Review
Number of studies
Eligible for review
2
Rated high
0
Rated moderate
0
Rated low
2
Additional source1
0
Triple P - Home Visiting: Standard Stepping Stones
Results of Research and Review
Number of studies
Eligible for review
3
Rated high
0
Rated moderate
1
Rated low
1
Additional source1
1
Triple P-Home Visiting/ Child Management Training Component
Results of Research and Review
Number of studies
Eligible for review
5
Rated high
1
Rated moderate
3
Rated low
1
Additional source1
0

Note: For this model, several Triple P studies compared various components of the model, sometimes in a single-case design format with multiple phases. For screening and reviewing studies, we focused on those with a contrast between Triple P—Home Visiting and a non-Triple P condition. Comparisons between different home visiting components within the same model are not eligible for review by HomVEE.

For more information, read the study database. For more information on the criteria used to determine the study ratings, please read Producing Study Ratings.

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Summary of Findings

Please read Describing Effects for more information on these categories. Only results from studies that meet the standards for the high or moderate ratings are included above.

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Criteria Established by the Department of Health and Human Services

Information Based on Comprehensive Review of All High- and Moderate-Impact Studies for this Model
Triple P - Positive Parenting Program®—Variants suitable for home visiting
High- or moderate-quality impact study?
No
Across high- or moderate-quality studies, favorable impacts in at least two outcome domains within one sample OR the same domain for at least two non-overlapping samples?
NA
Favorable impacts on full sample?
NA
Any favorable impacts on outcome measures sustained at least 12 months after model enrollment?1
NA
One or more favorable, statistically significant impact reported in a peer-reviewed journal?1
NA
Triple P - Home Visiting: Standard Stepping Stones
High- or moderate-quality impact study?
Yes
Across high- or moderate-quality studies, favorable impacts in at least two outcome domains within one sample OR the same domain for at least two non-overlapping samples?
No
Favorable impacts on full sample?
No
Any favorable impacts on outcome measures sustained at least 12 months after model enrollment?1
No
One or more favorable, statistically significant impact reported in a peer-reviewed journal?1
No
Triple P-Home Visiting/ Child Management Training Component
High- or moderate-quality impact study?
Yes
Across high- or moderate-quality studies, favorable impacts in at least two outcome domains within one sample OR the same domain for at least two non-overlapping samples?
No
Favorable impacts on full sample?
Yes
Any favorable impacts on outcome measures sustained at least 12 months after model enrollment?1
No
One or more favorable, statistically significant impact reported in a peer-reviewed journal?1
Yes

Please read the HHS Criteria for Evidence-Based Models for more information.

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