SafeCare®

Entries in this row combine information across all versions of SafeCare except for SafeCare Augmented. The main version of SafeCare has no high- or moderate-quality impact studies. Some other versions of SafeCare have at least one such study, but no version of the model other than SafeCare Augmented meets HHS criteria for an evidence-based home visiting model. Planned Activities Training (a SafeCare module) and Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training (a SafeCare module with an add-on) show evidence of effectiveness.

Last updated: July 2018

Effects Shown in Research & Outcome Measure Details

Maternal Health

Outcomes Rated High

SafeCare Augmented
Show Findings Details
Outcome Measure Effect Follow-up Timing Sample Sample Size Intervention Group Comparison Group Group Difference Effect Size Statistical Significance Outcome Type
BDI-2
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
10 months Rural Southwest 105 families Mean = 14.90 Mean = 15.40 Mean difference = -0.05 HomeVEE calculated = -0.05 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Primary
BDI-2
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
17 months Rural Southwest 105 families Mean = 15.50 Mean = 11.20 Mean difference = 4.30 HomeVEE calculated = 0.31 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Primary
DIS alcohol module
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
10 months Rural Southwest 105 families Not reported Not reported Not reported Not available Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
DIS alcohol module
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
17 months Rural Southwest 105 families Not reported Not reported Not reported Not available Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
DIS drug module
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
10 months Rural Southwest 105 families Not reported Not reported Not reported Not available Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
DIS drug module
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
17 months Rural Southwest 105 families Not reported Not reported Not reported Not available Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
SPS
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
10 months Rural Southwest 105 families Mean = 40.10 Mean = 38.80 Mean difference = 1.30 HomeVEE calculated = 0.24 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
SPS
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
17 months Rural Southwest 105 families Mean = 41.00 Mean = 40.20 Mean difference = 0.80 HomeVEE calculated = 0.14 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Show Outcome Measure Summary
Outcome Measure Outcome Measure Description Collection Method Properties Outcome Type Operations links

BDI-2

The Beck Depression Inventory 2(BDI-2) is a 21-item multiple-choice instrument designed to measure symptoms of depression.

Parent/caregiver report

Not reported by author

Primary

DIS drug and alcohol module

The Diagnostic Inventory Schedule (DIS) is an interview based on the Dignostic and Statistical Analysis of Mental Disorders. The authors used a modified self-report instrument, which has been used in past studies. The alcohol and drug modules were included in the study.

Parent/caregiver report

Not reported by author

Secondary

SPS

The Social Provisions Scale (SPS) examines social the capacity of relationships to provide dimensions of social support

Parent/caregiver report

Not reported by author

Secondary
SafeCare: Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training Module
Show Findings Details
Outcome Measure Effect Follow-up Timing Sample Sample Size Intervention Group Comparison Group Group Difference Effect Size Statistical Significance Outcome Type Notes
Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II)
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
6 months Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training vs. Control 221 mothers Adjusted mean = 6.12 Adjusted mean = 8.25 Mean difference = -2.52 Study reported = 0.31 Statistically significant, p ≤ 0.05 Secondary

footnote162

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Negative value is favorable to the intervention.

Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II)
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
Posttest Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training vs. Control 224 mothers Adjusted mean = 7.52 Adjusted mean = 8.70 Mean difference = -1.59 HomeVEE calculated = -0.17 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Mild to severe depression
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
6 months Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training vs. Control 221 mothers Not available Not available Not reported Not available Statistically significant, p = 0.04 Secondary

footnote162

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Negative value is favorable to the intervention.

Mild to severe depression
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
Posttest Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training vs. Control 224 mothers Not available Not available Not reported Not available Statistically significant, p = 0.05 Secondary

footnote162

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Negative value is favorable to the intervention.

Parenting Stress Index-Short Form (PSI-SF)
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
Posttest Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training vs. Control 229 mothers Adjusted mean = 68.91 Adjusted mean = 73.33 Mean difference = -5.61 Study reported = 0.27 Statistically significant, p ≤ 0.05 Secondary

footnote162

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Negative value is favorable to the intervention.

Show Outcome Measure Summary
Outcome Measure Outcome Measure Description Collection Method Properties Outcome Type Operations links

Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II)

Mean score on BDI-II; BDI-II was used to assess depressive mood and somatic complaints.

Parent/caregiver report

internal consistency coefficients ranged from 0.92 to 0.93

Secondary

Mild to severe depression

Percentage of mothers exhibiting mild to severe depression on the BDI-II

Parent/caregiver report

internal consistency coefficients ranged from 0.92 to 0.93

Secondary

Parenting Stress Index-Short Form (PSI-SF)

PSI -SF14 was used to assess maternal parenting stress.

Parent/caregiver report

Internal consistencies were very good to excellent

Secondary
SafeCare: Planned Activities Training Module
Show Findings Details
Outcome Measure Effect Follow-up Timing Sample Sample Size Intervention Group Comparison Group Group Difference Effect Size Statistical Significance Outcome Type
Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II)
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
6 months Planned Activities Training vs. Control 249 mothers Adjusted mean = 8.37 Adjusted mean = 8.25 Mean difference = -0.50 HomeVEE calculated = 0.01 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II)
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
Posttest Planned Activities Training vs. Control 251 mothers Adjusted mean = 7.88 Adjusted mean = 8.70 Mean difference = -1.27 HomeVEE calculated = 0.11 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Mild to severe depression
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
6 months Planned Activities Training vs. Control 249 mothers Not available Not available Not reported Not available Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Mild to severe depression
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
Posttest Planned Activities Training vs. Control 251 mothers Percentage = 0.05 Not available Not reported Not available Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Parenting Stress Index-Short Form (PSI-SF)
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
Posttest Planned Activities Training vs. Control 258 mothers Adjusted mean = 72.30 Adjusted mean = 73.33 Mean difference = -2.78 HomeVEE calculated = -0.05 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Show Outcome Measure Summary
Outcome Measure Outcome Measure Description Collection Method Properties Outcome Type Operations links

Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II)

Mean score on BDI-II; BDI-II was used to assess depressive mood and somatic complaints.

Parent/caregiver report

internal consistency coefficients ranged from 0.92 to 0.93

Secondary

Mild to severe depression

Percentage of mothers exhibiting mild to severe depression on the BDI-II

Parent/caregiver report

internal consistency coefficients ranged from 0.92 to 0.93

Secondary

Parenting Stress Index-Short Form (PSI-SF)

PSI -SF14 was used to assess maternal parenting stress.

Parent/caregiver report

Internal consistencies were very good to excellent

Secondary
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