Pride in Parenting (PIP)
Implementation support is not currently available for the model as reviewed.
Last updated: 2013
PIP targeted infant health, parenting behaviors, parental coping skills, and parental social support systems for mothers who received late or inadequate prenatal care.
The developers of PIP chose to use paraprofessional home visitors based on the theory that community-based lay home visitors with a shared racial and/or ethnic background would be better able to foster trusting and communicative relationships with program participants.
PIP included home visits, hospital-based group sessions for parent-infant developmental play groups and parent support groups, and telephone calls.
During visits, home visitors offered developmentally appropriate instruction on parenting and child care. In addition, home visitors provided information regarding health and development and helped link mothers to social service and community health resources.
Hospital-based group sessions led by an infant development specialist and the home visitors expanded on topics covered during home visits. Specifically, developmental play groups aimed to enhance parents’ knowledge of infant development and improve parent-child interactions. Parent support groups were designed to reinforce topics covered in the developmental play groups and address issues related to parenting, family concerns, preventative health care, daily care, and safety. Parent support groups allowed mothers to develop social support networks, and share concerns about and gain confidence in their ability to implement parental and personal tasks.
A family resource specialist made monthly calls to mothers to provide referrals to community resources, social support services, and health care services.
PIP targeted mothers who received late or inadequate prenatal care, which is associated with later insufficient use of preventative pediatric services after birth. Inadequate prenatal care was defined as (1) five or fewer prenatal visits, or (2) prenatal visits initiated during the third trimester. PIP recruited women with newborn infants in the immediate postpartum period from four hospitals in Washington, DC.