ParentChild+® Core Model
Last updated: May 2019
Building on the socio-cultural theory of Vygotsky, Bruner’s theory of language symbolism, research on the importance of play for toddlers, and attachment theory, the ParentChild+ Core Model focuses on increasing positive parent-child verbal and non-verbal interaction and building positive parenting skills. Increasing these interactions and skills is designed to promote children’s social-emotional and cognitive development, including the development of early literacy and language skills, such as receptive and expressive language.
Home visitors work to develop a strong relationship with and become trusted advisors to the families. They aim to empower parents to support their children’s learning. Rather than directly instructing parents, they model interactions with the child and reinforce learning through intensive services.
The ParentChild+ Core Model includes (1) twice-weekly home visits that must always include the primary caregiver (the primary caregiver is most often a parent but may also be a grandparent or other relative or foster parent) and may also include additional adult caregivers and siblings; (2) once a week distribution of books and educational toys to create a library in the family’s home; (3) referrals/connections to other social supports and educational services for the program child and other family members; and (4) assistance with transition to the next educational step for the program child.
During home visits, visitors facilitate and model playful verbal interactions between parents and children using the social-emotional and cognitive curriculum. Home visitors are encouraged to model verbal interactions such as providing information (for example, “This is a circle” and “That’s the yellow school bus”); eliciting information (for example, “Where is the yellow school bus going?”); and verbalizing social interaction (for example, inviting participation, taking turns, or following the parent’s and child’s lead).
The ParentChild+ Core Model serves families with multiple risk factors when the children are 2 and 3 years old. The model is designed for families with the following risk factors: low income, low levels of education, geographic isolation, teen parent and single-parent households, immigrant or refugee status, and literacy and/or language barriers.
Where to Find Out More
The ParentChild+ National Center
163B Mineola Boulevard
Mineola, NY 11501