ParentChild+® Core Model

Last updated: May 2019

In Brief

Evidence of Model Effectiveness

This model does not meet the criteria established by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) for an “evidence-based early childhood home visiting service delivery model” for the general population or for tribal populations because the findings from high- or moderate-rated effectiveness studies of the model do not meet all required criteria.

Note: This model has favorable effects in two different outcome domains, but these effects were not found in the same study sample as required by HHS criteria. The model also has two favorable effects in the same outcome domain, but these effects were not found in separate study samples as required by HHS criteria. Therefore, the model does not meet HHS criteria for evidence-based models.

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Model Description

ParentChild+ (formerly the Parent-Child Home Program) focuses on promoting children’s social-emotional development and cognitive competencies by increasing and enhancing the quantity and quality of caregiver-child verbal and non-verbal interaction. ParentChild+ can be used one-on-one with parents and with family child care providers responsible for group care. The HomVEE review is based on the ParentChild+ Core Model, the version of ParentChild+ used with parents in the home. The ParentChild+ Core Model is designed for families with 2- to 3-year-old children and a variety of risk factors—such as parents with low levels of education and teen mothers. Families participate in 92 home visits over 46 weeks. The 46-week program is divided into two cycles of twice weekly visits over 23 weeks each to provide program sites flexibility in terms of how they implement the entire 46 weeks of programming. Home visitors model behaviors for enhancing children’s development, rather than directly instructing parents, and provide books, toys, and activities for parents to use with their children. Home visitors also provide referrals to social supports and educational services. For more information, please read the Model Overview

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Extent of Evidence

Results of Research and Review
Number of studies
Eligible for review
Rated high
Rated moderate
Rated low
Additional source1

For more information, see the study database. For more information on the criteria used to determine the study ratings, please read Producing Study Ratings.

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Summary of Findings

Please read Describing Effects for more information on these categories. Only results from studies that meet the standards for the high or moderate ratings are included above.

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Criteria Established by the Department of Health and Human Services

Information Based on Comprehensive Review of All High- and Moderate-Impact Studies for this Model
High- or moderate-quality impact study?
Across high- or moderate-quality studies, favorable impacts in at least two outcome domains within one sample OR the same domain for at least two non-overlapping samples?
Favorable impacts on full sample?
Any favorable impacts on outcome measures sustained at least 12 months after model enrollment?1
One or more favorable, statistically significant impact reported in a peer-reviewed journal?1

Please read the HHS Criteria for Evidence-Based Models for more information.

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