ParentChild+® Core Model

Last updated: May 2019

Effects Shown in Research & Outcome Measure Details

Positive Parenting Practices

Outcomes Rated High

ParentChild+® Core Model
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Outcome measure Effect Follow-up Timing Sample Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Group Difference Effect size Statistical significance Outcome Type
Parent as a Teacher Inventory (PAAT) - Total
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
24 months ParentChild+ vs. comparison, northeastern U.S., Study 2 full sample 144 parents Not reported Not reported Not reported = 0.08 Not statistically significant, p = 0.64 Secondary
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Parent as a Teacher Inventory (PAAT) - Total

A 50-item questionnaire assessing parents' expectation of their child and attitudes about appropriate behavior.

Parent questionnaire

Cronbach's alpha = 0.60 and 0.70

Secondary
ParentChild+® Core Model
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Outcome measure Effect Follow-up Timing Sample Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Group Difference Effect size Statistical significance Outcome Type
Maternal Interactive Behavior
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
Post-program 1973 – 1976 cohorts 114 mothers Mean = 282.38 Mean = 185.95 Mean difference = 96.43 HomeVEE calculated = 0.96 Statistically significant, p < 0.05 Primary
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Maternal Interactive Behavior

Frequencies of occurrence of 10 categories of behavior were tallied in four viewings of videotaped parent-child interaction. The categories were: labeling, use of color names, verbalization of actions, verbalization of number and shape, solicitation of information from the child, verbal praise, encouragement of divergent use of a toy, nonverbal indication of warmth, reply to child's vocalization, and failure to reply to child's vocalization.

Video recording of parent-child interaction

Pearson's r = 0.48 to 0.74 Cronbach's α = 0.82

Primary

Outcomes Rated Moderate

ParentChild+® Core Model
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Outcome measure Effect Follow-up Timing Sample Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Group Difference Effect size Statistical significance Outcome Type Notes
Parent as a Teacher Total (PAAT) (unadjusted)
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
24 months ParentChild+ vs. comparison, northeastern U.S., Study 2 full sample 150 parents Unadjusted mean = 137.71 Unadjusted mean = 136.97 MD = 0.74 HomeVEE calculated = 0.09 Not statistically significant, p = 0.58 Secondary
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Outcome Measure Outcome Measure Description Collection method Properties Outcome Type Operations links

Parent as a Teacher Total (PAAT) (unadjusted)

A 50-item questionnaire assessing parents' expectation of their child and attitudes about appropriate behavior.

Parent questionnaire

Cronbach's alpha = 0.60 and 0.70

Secondary
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