Nurse-Family Partnership (NFP)® Meets HHS Criteria

Last updated: October 2019

Effects Shown in Research & Outcome Measure Details

Reductions in Juvenile Delinquency, Family Violence, and Crime

Outcomes Rated High

Nurse-Family Partnership (NFP)®
Show Study Effects Details
Outcome measure Effect Follow-up Timing Sample Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Group Difference Effect size Statistical significance Outcome Type Notes
Ever was person inneed of supervision (PINS; self-report)
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
15-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy and comparison (Elmira) 227 adolescents % (adjusted) = 11.00 Adjusted mean % = 13.00 Mean difference = -2.00 HomeVEE calculated = -0.12 Not statistically significant,
p = 0.75
Secondary

footnote2

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Statistical significance reported on authors’ calculations of the odds ratio.

Ever was person inneed of supervision (PINS; self-report)
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
15-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy + infancy and comparison (Elmira) Unknown % (adjusted) = 8.00 Adjusted mean % = 13.00 Mean difference = -5.00 HomeVEE calculated = -0.33 Not statistically significant,
p = 0.33
Secondary

footnote2

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Statistical significance reported on authors’ calculations of the odds ratio.

Incidence of arrests (mother report)
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
15-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy + infancy and comparison (Elmira) 245 adolescents Adjusted mean = 0.08 Adjusted mean = 0.12 Mean difference = -0.04 Not available Not statistically significant,
p = 0.37
Secondary

footnote1

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Statistical significance reported on authors’ calculations of the log-incidence difference.

Incidence of arrests (mother report)
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
15-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy and comparison (Elmira) 277 adolescents Adjusted mean = 0.11 Adjusted mean = 0.12 Mean difference = -0.01 Not available Not statistically significant,
p = 0.73
Secondary

footnote1

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Statistical significance reported on authors’ calculations of the log-incidence difference.

Incidence-stopped by police (self-report)
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
15-year-follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy and comparison (Elmira) 227 adolescents Adjusted mean = 0.53 Adjusted mean = 0.80 Mean difference = -0.27 Not available Not statistically significant, p = 0.24 Secondary

Statistical significance reported on authors' calculations of the log-incidence difference.

Incidence-stopped by police (self-report)
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
15-year-follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy + infancy and comparison (Elmira) 245 adolescents Adjusted mean = 2.25 Adjusted mean = 0.80 Mean difference = 1.45 Not available Statistically significant, p < 0.01 Secondary

Statistical significance reported on authors' calculations of the log-incidence difference.

Incidence–arrests (self-report)
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
15-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy and comparison (Elmira) 227 adolescents Adjusted mean = 0.16 Adjusted mean = 0.36 Mean difference = -0.20 Not available Statistically significant,
p < 0.01
Secondary

footnote1

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Statistical significance reported on authors’ calculations of the log-incidence difference.

Incidence–convictions and probation violations (self-report)
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
15-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy and comparison (Elmira) 227 adolescents Adjusted mean = 0.06 Adjusted mean = 0.27 Mean difference = -0.21 Not available Statistically significant,
p < 0.01
Secondary

footnote1

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Statistical significance reported on authors’ calculations of the log-incidence difference.

Incidence–convictions and probation violations (self-report)
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
15-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy + infancy and comparison (Elmira) 245 adolescents Adjusted mean = 0.10 Adjusted mean = 0.27 Mean difference = -0.17 Not available Statistically significant,
p < 0.01
Secondary

footnote1

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Statistical significance reported on authors’ calculations of the log-incidence difference.

Incidence–long-term school suspensions
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
15-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy + infancy and comparison (Elmira) 245 adolescents Adjusted mean = 0.01 Adjusted mean = 0.04 Mean difference = -0.03 Not available Not statistically significant,
p = 1.00
Secondary

footnote1

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Statistical significance reported on authors’ calculations of the log-incidence difference.

Incidence–sent to youth corrections (self-report)
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
15-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy + infancy and comparison (Elmira) 245 adolescents Adjusted mean = 0.04 Adjusted mean = 0.05 Mean difference = -0.01 Not available Not statistically significant,
p = 0.98
Secondary

footnote1

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Statistical significance reported on authors’ calculations of the log-incidence difference.

Incidence–sent to youth corrections (self-report)
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
15-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy and comparison (Elmira) 227 adolescents Adjusted mean = 0.05 Adjusted mean = 0.05 Mean difference = 0.00 Not available Not statistically significant,
p = 0.98
Secondary

footnote1

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Statistical significance reported on authors’ calculations of the log-incidence difference.

Incidence–short-term school suspensions
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
15-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy + infancy and comparison (Elmira) 245 adolescents Adjusted mean = 0.27 Adjusted mean = 0.28 Mean difference = -0.01 Not available Not statistically significant,
p = 0.97
Primary

footnote1

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Statistical significance reported on authors’ calculations of the log-incidence difference.

Incidence–times ran away
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
15-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy + infancy and comparison (Elmira) 245 adolescents Adjusted mean = 0.34 Adjusted mean = 0.29 Mean difference = 0.05 Not available Not statistically significant,
p = 0.07
Secondary

footnote1

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Statistical significance reported on authors’ calculations of the log-incidence difference.

Incidence–times ran away (self-report)
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
15-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy and comparison (Elmira) 227 adolescents Adjusted mean = 0.23 Adjusted mean = 0.29 Mean difference = -0.06 Not available Not statistically significant,
p = 0.83
Secondary

footnote1

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Statistical significance reported on authors’ calculations of the log-incidence difference.

Number of acting out problems (teacher report)
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
15-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy and comparison (Elmira) 227 adolescents Adjusted mean = 8.97 Adjusted mean = 9.61 Mean difference = -0.64 Not available Not statistically significant,
p = 0.41
Secondary
Number of acting out problems (teacher report)
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
15-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy + infancy and comparison (Elmira) 245 adolescents Adjusted mean = 9.47 Adjusted mean = 9.61 Mean difference = -0.14 Not available Not statistically significant,
p = 0.85
Secondary
Number of externalizing problems (self-report and mother report)
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
15-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy and comparison (Elmira) 227 adolescents Adjusted mean = 13.65 Adjusted mean = 13.73 Mean difference = -0.08 Not available Not statistically significant,
p = 0.95
Secondary
Number of externalizing problems (self-report and mother report)
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
15-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy + infancy and comparison (Elmira) 245 adolescents Adjusted mean = 13.88 Adjusted mean = 13.73 Mean difference = 0.15 Not available Not statistically significant,
p = 0.89
Secondary
Number of major delinquent acts (self-report)
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
15-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy and comparison (Elmira) 227 adolescents Adjusted mean = 2.79 Adjusted mean = 3.02 Mean difference = -0.23 Not available Not statistically significant,
p = 0.93
Secondary
Number of major delinquent acts (self-report)
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
15-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy + infancy and comparison (Elmira) 245 adolescents Adjusted mean = 3.57 Adjusted mean = 3.02 Mean difference = 0.55 Not available Not statistically significant,
p = 0.48
Secondary
Number of minor antisocial acts (self-report)
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
15-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy and comparison (Elmira) 227 adolescents Adjusted mean = 2.54 Adjusted mean = 2.99 Mean difference = -0.45 Not available Not statistically significant,
p = 0.50
Secondary
Number of minor antisocial acts (self-report)
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
15-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy + infancy and comparison (Elmira) 245 adolescents Adjusted mean = 2.88 Adjusted mean = 2.99 Mean difference = -0.11 Not available Not statistically significant,
p = 0.86
Secondary
Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
Outcome Measure Outcome Measure Description Collection method Properties Outcome Type Operations links

Alcohol and drug impairment

Responses to questions regarding children’s behavioral problems attributable to alcohol and drug use were summarized with a scale ranging from 0 to 10. Parent/caregiver report

Not reported by author

Secondary

Alcohol impairment

Responses to questions regarding the effect of alcohol on five domains, (trouble with parents, trouble at school, problems with friends, problems with someone they were dating, trouble with police) were summarized in an alcohol-use behavioral problem scale with a range of 0 to 5. Adolescent report

Not reported by author

Secondary

Ever was person in need of supervision (PINS)

Percentage of youth adjudicated as PINS Adolescent report

Not applicable

Secondary

Incidence of arrests

Counts of the number of times the youth had been arrested up to their 15th year Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Secondary
Incidence-stopped by police (self-report)

Counts of the number of times the youth was stopped by police up to their 15th year

Adolescent report

Not applicable Secondary

Incidence–arrests

Counts of the number of times the youth had been arrested up to their 15th year Adolescent report

Not applicable

Secondary

Incidence–convictions and probation violations

Counts of the number of times the youth had been convicted of an original crime or a parole violation up to their 15th year Adolescent report

Not applicable

Secondary

Incidence–sent to youth corrections

Counts of the number of times the youth was sent to a correctional facility up to their 15th year Adolescent report

Not applicable

Secondary

Incidence–times ran away

Counts of the number of times the youth had run away from home up to their 15th year Adolescent report

Not applicable

Secondary

Number of acting out problems

A scale that rated youth’s disruptive behavior in the classroom Current Mathematics and English teacher reports

Not reported by author

Secondary

Number of externalizing problems

An externalizing problems scale representing delinquency and aggression behavioral problems was drawn from the Achenbach Youth Self Report of Problem Behaviors. Adolescent report

Not reported by author

Secondary

Number of major delinquent acts

Reports of antisocial and delinquent acts were factor analyzed and produced two factors, one of which was classified as major antisocial acts Adolescent report

Cronbach’s α = .82

Secondary

Number of minor antisocial acts

Reports of antisocial and delinquent acts were factor analyzed and produced two factors, one of which was classified as minor antisocial acts Adolescent report

Cronbach’s α = .68

Secondary
Nurse-Family Partnership (NFP)®
Show Study Effects Details
Outcome measure Effect Follow-up Timing Sample Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Group Difference Effect size Statistical significance Outcome Type Notes
Any domestic violence, birth to age 6
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
6-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy + infancy and developmental screening comparison (Memphis) 641 mothers % (adjusted) = 39.00 Adjusted mean % = 40.00 OR = 0.97 Study reported = -0.02 Not statistically significant,
p = 0.87
Secondary

footnote2

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Statistical significance reported on authors’ calculations of the odds ratio.

Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
Outcome Measure Outcome Measure Description Collection method Properties Outcome Type Operations links

Any domestic violence

Rate of domestic violence since the birth of the first child through age 6 Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Secondary
Nurse-Family Partnership (NFP)®
Show Study Effects Details
Outcome measure Effect Follow-up Timing Sample Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Group Difference Effect size Statistical significance Outcome Type Notes
Any domestic violence (6–9 years postpartum)
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
9-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy + infancy and developmental screening comparison (Memphis) 627 mothers = 0.21 = 0.24 OR = 0.81 HomeVEE calculated = -0.11 Not statistically significant,
p = 0.37
Secondary

footnote2

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Statistical significance reported on authors’ calculations of the odds ratio.

Mother jailed (6–9 years postpartum)
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
9-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy + infancy and developmental screening comparison (Memphis) 627 mothers = 0.04 = 0.03 OR = 1.46 HomeVEE calculated = 0.25 Not statistically significant,
p = 0.46
Secondary

footnote2

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Statistical significance reported on authors’ calculations of the odds ratio.

Number of maternal arrests (6–9 years postpartum)
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
9-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy + infancy and developmental screening comparison (Memphis) 627 mothers Mean = 0.41 Mean = 0.30 Mean difference = 0.11 Study reported = 1.35 Not statistically significant,
p = 0.16
Secondary
Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
Outcome Measure Outcome Measure Description Collection method Properties Outcome Type Operations links

Any domestic violence

Whether the mother had experienced physical violence from any of her partners during 6 through 9 years postpartum Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Secondary

Mother jailed

Counts of the number of days the mother was jailed 6 to 9 years postpartum Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Secondary

Number of maternal arrests

Counts of the number of times the mother was arrested 6 to 9 years postpartum Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Secondary
Nurse-Family Partnership (NFP)®
Show Study Effects Details
Outcome measure Effect Follow-up Timing Sample Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Group Difference Effect size Statistical significance Outcome Type
Any domestic violence (past 6 months)
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
4-year follow-up Nurse home visitor and comparison (Denver) 424 mothers = 0.07 = 0.14 OR = 0.47 HomeVEE calculated = -0.46 Statistically significant,
p = 0.05
Secondary
Any domestic violence (since child age 2)
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
4-year follow-up Nurse home visitor and comparison (Denver) 424 mothers = 0.16 = 0.24 OR = 0.60 HomeVEE calculated = -0.31 Not statistically significant,
p = 0.09
Secondary
Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
Outcome Measure Outcome Measure Description Collection method Properties Outcome Type Operations links

Any domestic violence (past 6 months)

Whether the mother had experienced physical violence from any of her partners during the previous 6 months Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Secondary

Any domestic violence (since child age 2)

Whether the mother had experienced physical violence from any of her partners since the child was 2 years old Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Secondary
Nurse-Family Partnership (NFP)®
Show Study Effects Details
Outcome measure Effect Follow-up Timing Sample Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Group Difference Effect size Statistical significance Outcome Type
Arrested, lifetime
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
19-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy and infancy and comparison (Elmira) 231 children %(adjusted) = 21.00 Adjusted mean % = 37.00 Difference = -0.16 HomeVEE calculated = -0.48 Statistically significant, p < 0.05 Secondary
Arrested, lifetime
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
19-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy and comparison (Elmira) 219 children %(adjusted) = 30.00 Adjusted mean % = 37.00 Difference = -0.07 HomeVEE calculated = -0.20 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Arrested, past year
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
19-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy and infancy and comparison (Elmira) 231 children %(adjusted) = 8.00 Adjusted mean % = 6.00 Difference = 0.03 HomeVEE calculated = 0.03 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Arrested, past year
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
19-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy and comparison (Elmira) 219 children %(adjusted) = 12.00 Adjusted mean % = 6.00 Difference = 0.06 HomeVEE calculated = 0.49 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Convicted, lifetime
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
19-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy and infancy and comparison (Elmira) 231 children %(adjusted) = 12.00 Adjusted mean % = 28.00 Difference = -0.16 HomeVEE calculated = -0.64 Statistically significant, p < 0.05 Secondary
Convicted, lifetime
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
19-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy and comparison (Elmira) 219 children %(adjusted) = 23.00 Adjusted mean % = 28.00 Difference = -0.05 HomeVEE calculated = -0.16 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Convicted, past year
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
19-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy and comparison (Elmira) 219 children %(adjusted) = 10.00 Adjusted mean % = 4.00 Difference = 0.06 HomeVEE calculated = 0.56 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Convicted, past year
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
19-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy and infancy and comparison (Elmira) 231 children %(adjusted) = 8.00 Adjusted mean % = 4.00 Difference = 0.03 HomeVEE calculated = 0.34 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Felony assault
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
19-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy and comparison (Elmira) 219 children %(adjusted) = 3.00 Adjusted mean % = 7.00 Difference = -0.04 HomeVEE calculated = -0.52 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Felony assault
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
19-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy and infancy and comparison (Elmira) 231 children %(adjusted) = 3.00 Adjusted mean % = 7.00 Difference = -0.05 HomeVEE calculated = -0.64 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Fraud
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
19-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy and infancy and comparison (Elmira) 231 children %(adjusted) = 2.00 Adjusted mean % = 4.00 Difference = -0.03 HomeVEE calculated = -0.67 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Fraud
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
19-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy and comparison (Elmira) 219 children %(adjusted) = 5.00 Adjusted mean % = 4.00 Difference = 0.01 HomeVEE calculated = 0.09 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Illegal services
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
19-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy and comparison (Elmira) 219 children %(adjusted) = 6.00 Adjusted mean % = 7.00 Difference = -0.01 HomeVEE calculated = -0.07 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Illegal services
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
19-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy and infancy and comparison (Elmira) 231 children %(adjusted) = 4.00 Adjusted mean % = 7.00 Difference = -0.03 HomeVEE calculated = -0.34 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Minor assault
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
19-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy and infancy and comparison (Elmira) 231 children %(adjusted) = 23.00 Adjusted mean % = 26.00 Difference = -0.03 HomeVEE calculated = -0.10 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Minor assault
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
19-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy and comparison (Elmira) 219 children %(adjusted) = 27.00 Adjusted mean % = 26.00 Difference = 0.01 HomeVEE calculated = 0.03 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Minor theft
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
19-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy and infancy and comparison (Elmira) 231 children %(adjusted) = 8.00 Adjusted mean % = 11.00 Difference = -0.03 HomeVEE calculated = -0.25 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Minor theft
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
19-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy and comparison (Elmira) 219 children %(adjusted) = 9.00 Adjusted mean % = 11.00 Difference = -0.02 HomeVEE calculated = -0.14 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Number of arrests, lifetime
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
19-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy and comparison (Elmira) 219 children Adjusted mean = 0.52 Adjusted mean = 0.86 Mean difference = -0.34 Not available Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Number of arrests, lifetime
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
19-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy and infancy and comparison (Elmira) 231 children Adjusted mean = 0.37 Adjusted mean = 0.86 Mean difference = -0.49 Not available Statistically significant, p < 0.05 Secondary
Number of arrests, past year
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
19-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy and infancy and comparison (Elmira) 231 children Adjusted mean = 0.10 Adjusted mean = 0.06 Mean difference = 0.04 Not available Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Number of arrests, past year
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
19-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy and comparison (Elmira) 219 children Adjusted mean = 0.11 Adjusted mean = 0.06 Mean difference = 0.05 Not available Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Number of convictions, lifetime
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
19-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy and comparison (Elmira) 219 children Adjusted mean = 0.33 Adjusted mean = 0.58 Mean difference = -0.25 Not available Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Number of convictions, lifetime
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
19-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy and infancy and comparison (Elmira) 231 children Adjusted mean = 0.20 Adjusted mean = 0.58 Mean difference = -0.38 Not available Statistically significant, p < 0.05 Secondary
Number of convictions, past year
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
19-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy and infancy and comparison (Elmira) 231 children Adjusted mean = 0.09 Adjusted mean = 0.05 Mean difference = 0.04 Not available Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Number of convictions, past year
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
19-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy and comparison (Elmira) 219 children Adjusted mean = 0.10 Adjusted mean = 0.05 Mean difference = 0.05 Not available Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Public disorder
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
19-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy and infancy and comparison (Elmira) 231 children %(adjusted) = 32.00 Adjusted mean % = 26.00 Difference = 0.06 HomeVEE calculated = 0.18 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Public disorder
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
19-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy and comparison (Elmira) 219 children %(adjusted) = 30.00 Adjusted mean % = 26.00 Difference = 0.04 HomeVEE calculated = 0.13 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Vandalism
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
19-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy and infancy and comparison (Elmira) 231 children %(adjusted) = 7.00 Adjusted mean % = 7.00 Difference = -0.01 HomeVEE calculated = -0.06 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Vandalism
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
19-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy and comparison (Elmira) 219 children %(adjusted) = 5.00 Adjusted mean % = 7.00 Difference = -0.02 HomeVEE calculated = -0.24 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
Outcome Measure Outcome Measure Description Collection method Properties Outcome Type Operations links

Arrested, lifetime

Percentage of youth that had been arrested at least once during their lifetime Adolescent report

Not applicable

Secondary

Arrested, past year

Percentage of youth that had been arrested at least once during the past year Adolescent report

Not applicable

Secondary

Binge drinking

Percentage of youth that had engaged in binge drinking (greater than 4 drinks in a row) during the previous six months Adolescent report

Not applicable

Secondary

Convicted, lifetime

Percentage of youth that had been convicted of a crime during their lifetime Adolescent report

Not applicable

Secondary

Convicted, past year

Percentage of youth that had been convicted of a crime during the past year Adolescent report

Not applicable

Secondary

Felony assault

Percentage of youth that had engaged in felony assault during the past year, including aggravated assault, sexual assault, or gang fights Adolescent report

Not applicable

Secondary

Fraud

Percentage of youth that had engaged in fraud during the past year Adolescent report

Not applicable

Secondary

Illegal services

Percentage of youth that had engaged in illegal services during the past year, including prostitution or selling marijuana or other drugs Adolescent report

Not applicable

Secondary

Illicit drug use

Percentage of youth that had used illegal drugs in the past year. Adolescent report

Not applicable

Secondary

Minor assault

Percentage of youth that had engaged in minor assault during the past year, including hitting parents, teachers, or students Adolescent report

Not applicable

Secondary

Minor theft

Percentage of youth that had engaged in minor assault during the past year, including stealing something worth less than $50 or joyriding Adolescent report

Not applicable

Secondary

Number of arrests, lifetime

Count of the number of times the adolescent had been arrested during their lifetime Adolescent report

Not applicable

Secondary

Number of arrests, past year

Count of the number of times the adolescent had been arrested during the past year Adolescent report

Not applicable

Secondary

Number of convictions, lifetime

Count of the number of times the adolescent had been convicted of a crime during their lifetime Adolescent report

Not applicable

Secondary

Number of convictions, past year

Count of the number of times the adolescent had been convicted of a crime during the past year Adolescent report

Not applicable

Secondary

Number of convictions, past year

Count of the number of sexual partners the adolescent had during the past year Adolescent report

Not applicable

Secondary

Public disorder

Percentage of youth that had engaged in public disorder during the past year, including panhandling or been loud, rowdy, or drunk in public Adolescent report

Not applicable

Secondary

Vandalism

Percentage of youth that had engaged in vandalism or destruction of property during the past year Adolescent report

Not applicable

Secondary
Nurse-Family Partnership (NFP)®
Show Study Effects Details
Outcome measure Effect Follow-up Timing Sample Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Group Difference Effect size Statistical significance Outcome Type Notes
Number of early onset of problem behaviors
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
15-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy + infancy and comparison (Elmira) 228 adolescents Not available Not available OR = 0.28 Not available Not statistically significant,
p = 0.12
Secondary

footnote5

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Information on sample sizes for this study was received through communication with the authors. HomVEE previously rated 24-month outcomes for nurse home visitors Moderate due to high attrition. Upon further examination, HomVEE noted that the outcomes had low attrition, and therefore they rate High.

,

footnote16

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

The discussion of outcomes in the text of this study implies that the direction of the effect is in the opposite direction than what is reported in the study and replicated here.

Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
Outcome Measure Outcome Measure Description Collection method Properties Outcome Type Operations links

Number of early onset problem behaviors

Reports of participation in 11 problematic health and social behaviors through the 15th year of life were aggregated to obtain a count of early onset problem behaviors. Age cutoffs for “early” were established for each behavior using comparison group frequency distributions and national data where available. Adolescent report

Not reported by author

Secondary
Nurse-Family Partnership (NFP)®
Show Study Effects Details
Outcome measure Effect Follow-up Timing Sample Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Group Difference Effect size Statistical significance Outcome Type
Ever arrested
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
12 years Nurse visited during pregnancy + infancy and developmental screening comparison (Memphis) 594578 594 mothers and 578 children % (adjusted) = 3.10 Adjusted mean % = 3.10 Difference = 0.00 HomeVEE calculated = 0.00 Not statistically significant Secondary
Externalizing disorders
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
12 years Nurse visited during pregnancy + infancy and developmental screening comparison (Memphis) 594578548 594 mothers, 578 children, and 548 teachers % (adjusted) = 19.70 Adjusted mean % = 17.80 OR = 1.13 HomeVEE calculated = 0.08 Not statistically significant, p > .05 Secondary
Internalizing disorders
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
12 years Nurse visited during pregnancy + infancy and developmental screening comparison (Memphis) 578 children %(adjusted) = 22.10 Adjusted mean % = 30.90 OR = 0.63 HomeVEE calculated = -0.28 Statistically significant, p < .05 Secondary
Total problems
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
12 years Nurse visited during pregnancy + infancy and developmental screening comparison (Memphis) 594578548 594 mothers, 578 children, and 548 teachers % (adjusted) = 23.70 Adjusted mean % = 19.80 OR = 1.26 HomeVEE calculated = 0.14 Not statistically significant, p > .05 Secondary
Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
Outcome Measure Outcome Measure Description Collection method Properties Outcome Type Operations links

Ever arrested

Percentage of children that had been arrested by the age of 12 years Parent/caregiver and adolescent report

Not applicable

Secondary

Externalizing disorders

Externalizing behavioral problems such as aggression and rule breaking scored from parents’, teachers’, and children’s reports. Children were scored as positive whenever at least 2 of the 3 reporters gave a child a score in the borderline or clinical range  Parent/caregiver, teacher, and adolescent report

Not reported by author

Secondary

Externalizing disorders

Externalizing behavioral problems such as aggression and rule breaking scored from parents’, teachers’, and children’s reports. Children were scored as positive whenever at least 2 of the 3 reporters gave a child a score in the borderline or clinical range  Parent/caregiver, teacher, and adolescent report

Not reported by author

Secondary

Incidence of days of substance use in the past 30 days

Count of days of cigarettes, alcohol, and marijuana use with a theoretical range of 0 to 90 days. Adolescent report

Not applicable 

Secondary

Internalizing disorders

Internalizing behavioral problems scored from parents’, teachers’, and children’s reports. Children were scored as positive whenever at least 2 of the 3 reporters gave a child a score in the borderline or clinical range Parent/caregiver, teacher, and adolescent report

Not reported by author

Secondary

Internalizing disorders

Internalizing behavioral problems scored from parents’, teachers’, and children’s reports. Children were scored as positive whenever at least 2 of the 3 reporters gave a child a score in the borderline or clinical range Parent/caregiver, teacher, and adolescent report

Not reported by author

Secondary

Number of substances used in the past 30 days

Count of the number of illegal substances (cigarettes, alcohol, and marijuana) used by the adolescent during the 30 day period prior to the year 12 interview  Adolescent report

Not applicable

Secondary

Total problems

A measure of internalizing and externalizing behavioral problems scored from parent, teacher, and adolescent reports. Youth were scored as positive whenever at least 2 of the 3 reporters gave the adolescent a score in the borderline or clinical range. Parent/caregiver, teacher, and adolescent report

Not reported by author

Secondary

Total problems

A measure of internalizing and externalizing behavioral problems scored from parent, teacher, and adolescent reports. Youth were scored as positive whenever at least 2 of the 3 reporters gave the adolescent a score in the borderline or clinical range. Parent/caregiver, teacher, and adolescent report

Not reported by author

Secondary

Used cigarettes, alcohol, or marijuana in the past 30 days

Percentage of youth that had used cigarettes, alcohol, and marijuana within the 30-day period preceding the 12-year interview Adolescent report

Not applicable 

Secondary
Nurse-Family Partnership (NFP)®
Show Study Effects Details
Outcome measure Effect Follow-up Timing Sample Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Group Difference Effect size Statistical significance Outcome Type Notes
NYS arrests (incidence; administrative records)
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
15-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy and comparison (Elmira) 227 mothers Adjusted mean = 0.34 Adjusted mean = 0.38 Mean difference = -0.04 Not available Statistical significance not reported Primary
NYS arrests (incidence; administrative records)
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
15-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy + infancy and comparison (Elmira) 245 mothers Adjusted mean = 0.12 Adjusted mean = 0.38 Mean difference = -0.26 Not available Not statistically significant,
p > 0.05
Primary
NYS convictions (incidence; administrative records)
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
15-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy and comparison (Elmira) 227 mothers Adjusted mean = 0.28 Adjusted mean = 0.27 Mean difference = 0.01 Not available Statistical significance not reported Primary
NYS convictions (incidence; administrative records)
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
15-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy + infancy and comparison (Elmira) 245 mothers Adjusted mean = 0.12 Adjusted mean = 0.27 Mean difference = -0.15 Not available Not statistically significant,
p > 0.05
Primary
Arrests (incidence; self-report)
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
15-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy and comparison (Elmira) 226 mothers Adjusted mean = 0.16 Adjusted mean = 0.22 Mean difference = -0.06 Not available Statistical significance not reported Secondary

footnote5

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Information on sample sizes for this study was received through communication with the authors. HomVEE previously rated 24-month outcomes for nurse home visitors Moderate due to high attrition. Upon further examination, HomVEE noted that the outcomes had low attrition, and therefore they rate High.

Arrests (incidence; self-report)
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
15-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy + infancy and comparison (Elmira) 244 mothers Adjusted mean = 0.09 Adjusted mean = 0.22 Mean difference = -0.13 Not available Not statistically significant,
p > 0.05
Secondary

footnote5

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Information on sample sizes for this study was received through communication with the authors. HomVEE previously rated 24-month outcomes for nurse home visitors Moderate due to high attrition. Upon further examination, HomVEE noted that the outcomes had low attrition, and therefore they rate High.

Convictions (incidence; self-report)
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
15-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy and comparison (Elmira) 227 mothers Adjusted mean = 0.05 Adjusted mean = 0.13 Mean difference = -0.08 Not available Statistical significance not reported Secondary
Convictions (incidence; self-report)
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
15-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy + infancy and comparison (Elmira) 245 mothers Adjusted mean = 0.03 Adjusted mean = 0.13 Mean difference = -0.10 Not available Not statistically significant,
p > 0.05
Secondary
Days in jail (incidence; self-report)
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
15-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy and comparison (Elmira) 227 mothers Adjusted mean = 0.13 Adjusted mean = 0.65 Mean difference = -0.52 Not available Statistical significance not reported Secondary
Days in jail (incidence; self-report)
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
15-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy + infancy and comparison (Elmira) 245 mothers Adjusted mean = 0.01 Adjusted mean = 0.65 Mean difference = -0.64 Not available Not statistically significant,
p > 0.05
Secondary
Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
Outcome Measure Outcome Measure Description Collection method Properties Outcome Type Operations links

NYS arrests

Counts of the number of times that mothers were arrested from the time of the birth of their first child to that child’s 15th birthday Review of criminal justice records

Not applicable

Primary

NYS convictions

Counts of the number of times that mothers were convicted from the time of the birth of their first child to that child’s 15th birthday Review of criminal justice records

Not applicable

Primary

Arrests

Counts of the number of times that mothers were arrested from the time of the birth of their first child to that child’s 15th birthday Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Secondary

Convictions

Counts of the number of times that mothers were convicted from the time of the birth of their first child to that child’s 15th birthday Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Secondary

Days in jail

Counts of the number of days that mothers were in jail from the time of the birth of their first child to that child’s 15th birthday Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Secondary
Nurse-Family Partnership (NFP)®
Show Study Effects Details
Outcome measure Effect Follow-up Timing Sample Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Group Difference Effect size Statistical significance Outcome Type
Intimate partner violence
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
12-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy and infancy and development screening comparison (Memphis) 594 mothers %(adjusted) = 22.00 Adjusted mean % = 21.00 OR = 1.06 HomeVEE calculated = 0.03 Not statistically significant, p > .05 Secondary
Maternal arrests
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
0 to 12 years Nurse visited during pregnancy and infancy and development screening comparison (Memphis) 594 mothers %(adjusted) = 49.00 Adjusted mean % = 36.00 OR = 1.36 HomeVEE calculated = 0.32 Not statistically significant, p > .05 Secondary
Mother jailed
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
12-year follow-up Nurse visited during pregnancy and infancy and development screening comparison (Memphis) 594 mothers % (adjusted) = 13.00 Adjusted mean % = 13.00 OR = 0.97 HomeVEE calculated = -0.02 Not statistically significant, p > .05 Secondary
Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
Outcome Measure Outcome Measure Description Collection method Properties Outcome Type Operations links

Intimate partner violence

Percentage of mothers that had experienced any physical intimate partner violence between the child’s 9th-year and 12th-year interviews Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Secondary

Maternal arrests

Count of the number of times the mother had been arrested from birth through child age 12 years Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Secondary

Mother jailed

Percentage of mothers that had been jailed through child age 12 Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Secondary
NFP with Nurse Home Visitors - Mothers with low psychological resources subgroup
Show Study Effects Details
Outcome measure Effect Follow-up Timing Sample Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Group Difference Effect size Statistical significance Outcome Type
Externalizing disorders
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
12 years Mothers with low psychological resources — Nurse home visitors and comparison (Memphis) 326 mothers % (adjusted) = 24.00 Adjusted mean % = 22.00 OR = 1.12 HomeVEE calculated = 0.07 Not statistically significant, p > .05 Secondary
Internalizing disorders
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
12 years Mothers with low psychological resources — Nurse home visitors and comparison (Memphis) 326 mothers %(adjusted) = 32.00 Adjusted mean % = 36.00 OR = 0.81 HomeVEE calculated = -0.13 Not statistically significant, p > .05 Secondary
Total problems
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
12 years Mothers with low psychological resources — Nurse home visitors and comparison (Memphis) 326 mothers % (adjusted = 30.00 Adjusted mean % = 27.00 OR = 1.17 HomeVEE calculated = 0.09 Not statistically significant, p > .05 Secondary
Show Study Outcome Measure Summary

Outcomes Rated Moderate

NFP with Paraprofessional Home Visitors
Show Study Effects Details
Outcome measure Effect Follow-up Timing Sample Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Group Difference Effect size Statistical significance Outcome Type
Any domestic violence (past 6 months)
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
4-year follow-up Paraprofessional home visitor and comparison (Denver) 431 mothers = 0.14 = 0.14 OR = 1.05 HomeVEE calculated = 0.03 Not statistically significant,
p = 0.88
Secondary
Any domestic violence (since child age 2)
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
4-year follow-up Paraprofessional home visitor and comparison (Denver) 431 mothers = 0.22 = 0.24 OR = 0.90 HomeVEE calculated = -0.06 Not statistically significant,
p = 0.72
Secondary
Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
NFP with Paraprofessional Home Visitors
Show Study Effects Details
Outcome measure Effect Follow-up Timing Sample Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Group Difference Effect size Statistical significance Outcome Type
Any domestic violence (past 6 months)
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
4-year follow-up Paraprofessional home visitor and comparison (Denver) 431 mothers = 0.14 = 0.14 OR = 1.05 HomeVEE calculated = 0.03 Not statistically significant,
p = 0.88
Secondary
Any domestic violence (since child age 2)
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
4-year follow-up Paraprofessional home visitor and comparison (Denver) 431 mothers = 0.22 = 0.24 OR = 0.90 HomeVEE calculated = -0.06 Not statistically significant,
p = 0.72
Secondary
Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
NFP with Paraprofessional Home Visitors
Show Study Effects Details
Outcome measure Effect Follow-up Timing Sample Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Group Difference Effect size Statistical significance Outcome Type
Any domestic violence (past 6 months)
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
4-year follow-up Paraprofessional home visitor and comparison (Denver) 431 mothers = 0.14 = 0.14 OR = 1.05 HomeVEE calculated = 0.03 Not statistically significant,
p = 0.88
Secondary
Any domestic violence (since child age 2)
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
4-year follow-up Paraprofessional home visitor and comparison (Denver) 431 mothers = 0.22 = 0.24 OR = 0.90 HomeVEE calculated = -0.06 Not statistically significant,
p = 0.72
Secondary
Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
NFP with Paraprofessional Home Visitors
Show Study Effects Details
Outcome measure Effect Follow-up Timing Sample Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Group Difference Effect size Statistical significance Outcome Type
Any domestic violence (past 6 months)
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
4-year follow-up Paraprofessional home visitor and comparison (Denver) 431 mothers = 0.14 = 0.14 OR = 1.05 HomeVEE calculated = 0.03 Not statistically significant,
p = 0.88
Secondary
Any domestic violence (since child age 2)
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
4-year follow-up Paraprofessional home visitor and comparison (Denver) 431 mothers = 0.22 = 0.24 OR = 0.90 HomeVEE calculated = -0.06 Not statistically significant,
p = 0.72
Secondary
Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
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