Nurse-Family Partnership (NFP)®
Last updated: October 2019
Theoretical ModelAttachment theory, human ecology theory, and social-cognitive or self-efficacy theory shape NFP. The model is client-centered, and client-identified goals drive it. NFP nurse home visitors use input from parents, nursing experience, nursing practice, and model-specific resources – coupled with the principles of motivational interviewing – to promote low-income, first-time mothers’ health during pregnancy, care of their child, and own personal growth and development.
Model ComponentsThe NFP model includes one-on-one home visits between a registered nurse educated in the NFP model and the client. The NFP nurse home visitor visits the client in her home (permanent or temporary), as defined by the client, or in a location of her choice.
NFP is designed for first-time, low-income mothers and their children. Mothers may invite fathers and other family members to participate in home visits.
NFP requires a client to be enrolled in the program early in her pregnancy and to receive a first home visit no later than the end of the woman’s 28th week of pregnancy. Services are delivered until the child is 2 years old.