MOM Program

Last updated: May 2013

Effects Shown in Research & Outcome Measure Details

Summary of Findings

Please read Describing Effects for more information on these categories. Only results from studies that meet the standards for the high or moderate ratings are included above.

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Child Development and School Readiness

Outcomes Rated Moderate

MOM Program
Show Study Effects Details
Outcome measure Effect Follow-up Timing Sample Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Group Difference Effect size Statistical significance Outcome Type
Denver Developmental Screening Test-II (DDST-II)
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
16 months Philadelphia sample 287 mothers Not available Not available Not reported Not available Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Primary
Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence-Third Edition (WPPSI-III), Full Scale IQ
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
33 months Philadelphia sample 271 mothers Mean = 88.44 Mean = 89.53 Mean difference = -1.09 HomeVEE calculated = -0.09 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Primary
Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence-Third Edition (WPPSI-III), Language Score
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
33 months Philadelphia sample 271 mothers Mean = 90.10 Mean = 90.36 Mean difference = -0.26 HomeVEE calculated = -0.02 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Primary
Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence-Third Edition (WPPSI-III), Performance Score
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
33 months Philadelphia sample 271 mothers Mean = 89.38 Mean = 91.18 Mean difference = -1.80 HomeVEE calculated = -0.15 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Primary
Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence-Third Edition (WPPSI-III), Verbal Score
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
33 months Philadelphia sample 271 mothers Mean = 90.33 Mean = 91.02 Mean difference = -0.69 HomeVEE calculated = -0.06 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Primary
Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
Outcome Measure Outcome Measure Description Collection method Properties Outcome Type Operations links

Denver Developmental Screening Test-II (DDST-II)

Number of children whose scores indicated abnormal development on the DDST-II. DDST-II is designed to measure developmental skill attainment for children from birth to age 6. DDST-II provides overall ratings of normal, borderline, or abnormal development, with abnormal defined as having two or more areas considered borderline or abnormal. Parent/caregiver report

Interrater reliability = 90%; test-retest reliability = 0.75;

Primary

Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence-Third Edition (WPPSI-III), Full Scale IQ

Mean full scale IQ score on the WPPSI-III. WPPSI-III includes tasks of language, nonverbal reasoning, concept development, and fine motor skills. Child assessment

Test-retest reliability ranges from 0.86 to 0.92; internal consistency ranges from 0.89 to 0.97

Primary

Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence-Third Edition (WPPSI-III), Language Score

Mean language score on the WPPSI-III. WPPSI-III includes tasks of language, nonverbal reasoning, concept development, and fine motor skills. Child assessment

Test-retest reliability ranges from 0.86 to 0.92; internal consistency ranges from 0.89 to 0.97

Primary

Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence-Third Edition (WPPSI-III), Performance Score

Mean performance score on the WPPSI-III. WPPSI-III includes tasks of language, nonverbal reasoning, concept development, and fine motor skills. Child assessment

Test-retest reliability ranges from 0.86 to 0.92; internal consistency ranges from 0.89 to 0.97

Primary

Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence-Third Edition (WPPSI-III), Verbal Score

Mean verbal score on the WPPSI-III. WPPSI-III includes tasks of language, nonverbal reasoning, concept development, and fine motor skills. Child assessment

Test-retest reliability ranges from 0.86 to 0.92; internal consistency ranges from 0.89 to 0.97

Primary
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Family Economic Self-Sufficiency

Outcomes Rated Moderate

MOM Program
Show Study Effects Details
Outcome measure Effect Follow-up Timing Sample Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Group Difference Effect size Statistical significance Outcome Type Notes
Maternal level of education
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
33 months Philadelphia sample 271 mothers Mean = 12.20 Mean = 12.30 Mean difference = -0.10 HomeVEE calculated = -0.05 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Monthly income > 2500
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
33 months Philadelphia sample 271 mothers Percentage = 0.07 Mean % = 0.07 Percentage difference = 0.00 HomeVEE calculated = 0.00 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary

footnote173

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Author calculated <em>p</em>-value for overall difference across income categories = 0.70

Monthly income: 1000
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
33 months Philadelphia sample 271 mothers Percentage = 0.21 Mean % = 0.19 Percentage difference = 0.02 HomeVEE calculated = 0.08 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary

footnote173

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Author calculated <em>p</em>-value for overall difference across income categories = 0.70

Monthly income: 1500
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
33 months Philadelphia sample 271 mothers Percentage = 0.21 Mean % = 0.17 Percentage difference = 0.04 HomeVEE calculated = 0.14 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary

footnote173

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Author calculated <em>p</em>-value for overall difference across income categories = 0.70

Monthly income: 2000
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
33 months Philadelphia sample 271 mothers Percentage = 0.07 Mean % = 0.11 Percentage difference = 0.04 HomeVEE calculated = 0.27 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary

footnote173

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Author calculated <em>p</em>-value for overall difference across income categories = 0.70

Monthly income: 250
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
33 months Philadelphia sample 271 mothers Percentage = 0.18 Mean % = 0.13 Percentage difference = 0.05 HomeVEE calculated = 0.24 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary

footnote173

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Author calculated <em>p</em>-value for overall difference across income categories = 0.70

Monthly income: 2500
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
33 months Philadelphia sample 271 mothers Percentage = 0.04 Mean % = 0.05 Percentage difference = 0.01 HomeVEE calculated = 0.11 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary

footnote173

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Author calculated <em>p</em>-value for overall difference across income categories = 0.70

Monthly income: 500
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
33 months Philadelphia sample 271 mothers Percentage = 0.23 Mean % = 0.29 Percentage difference = 0.06 HomeVEE calculated = 0.19 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary

footnote173

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Author calculated <em>p</em>-value for overall difference across income categories = 0.70

Number of months in school in past year
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
33 months Philadelphia sample 271 mothers Mean = 2.00 Mean = 1.40 Mean difference = 0.60 HomeVEE calculated = 0.19 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Number of months worked in past year
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
33 months Philadelphia sample 271 mothers Mean = 6.80 Mean = 7.10 Mean difference = -0.30 HomeVEE calculated = -0.06 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Number of moves in past 33 months
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
33 months Philadelphia sample 271 mothers Mean = 1.10 Mean = 1.10 Mean difference = 0.00 HomeVEE calculated = 0.00 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Receipt of public assistance
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
33 months Philadelphia sample 271 mothers Percentage = 0.56 Mean % = 0.55 Percentage difference = 0.01 HomeVEE calculated = 0.03 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Use of homeless services
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
33 months Philadelphia sample 271 mothers Percentage = 0.10 Mean % = 0.06 Percentage difference = 0.04 HomeVEE calculated = 0.32 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary

footnote163

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Positive value is favorable to the comparison group.

,

footnote174

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

<abbr title="Home Visiting Evidence of Effectiveness">HomVEE</abbr>-calculated p-value

Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
Outcome Measure Outcome Measure Description Collection method Properties Outcome Type Operations links

Maternal level of education

Mean years of maternal education Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Secondary

Mean number of months caregiver was in school during the past year

Number of months in school in past year Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Secondary

Mean number of months caregiver worked in the past year

Number of months worked in past year Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Secondary

Mean number of times family moved in the past 33 months

Number of moves in past 33 months Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Secondary

Mean years of maternal education

Maternal level of education Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Secondary

Percentage of families that received public assistance

Receipt of public assistance Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Secondary

Percentage of families that used homeless services

Use of homeless services Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Secondary

Percentage of families with monthly income between $1,001 and $1,500

Monthly income: 1500 Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Secondary

Percentage of families with monthly income between $1,501 and $2,000

Monthly income: 2000 Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Secondary

Percentage of families with monthly income between $2,001 and $2,500

Monthly income: 2500 Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Secondary

Percentage of families with monthly income between $251 and $500

Monthly income: 500 Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Secondary

Percentage of families with monthly income between $501 and $1,000

Monthly income: 1000 Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Secondary

Percentage of families with monthly income greater than $2,500

Monthly income > 2500 Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Secondary

Percentage of families with monthly income of $250 or less

Monthly income: 250 Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Secondary
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Maternal Health

Outcomes Rated Moderate

MOM Program
Show Study Effects Details
Outcome measure Effect Follow-up Timing Sample Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Group Difference Effect size Statistical significance Outcome Type
BDI-II total scale
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
33 months Philadelphia sample 269 mothers Mean = 12.20 Mean = 11.00 Mean difference = 1.20 HomeVEE calculated = 0.13 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Number of other children
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
33 months Philadelphia sample 271 mothers Mean = 1.40 Mean = 1.40 Mean difference = 0.00 HomeVEE calculated = 0.00 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Number of other children
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
33 months Philadelphia sample 271 mothers Mean = 0.30 Mean = 0.30 Mean difference = 0.00 HomeVEE calculated = 0.00 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Number of subsequent pregnancies
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
33 months Philadelphia sample 271 mothers Mean = 0.61 Mean = 0.60 Mean difference = 0.01 HomeVEE calculated = 0.01 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
Outcome Measure Outcome Measure Description Collection method Properties Outcome Type Operations links

No. of other children

Mean number of other children Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Secondary

No. of subsequent pregnancies

Mean number of subsequent pregnancies Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Secondary
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Linkages and Referrals

Outcomes Rated Moderate

MOM Program
Show Study Effects Details
Outcome measure Effect Follow-up Timing Sample Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Group Difference Effect size Statistical significance Outcome Type
Receipt of early intervention (EI) services
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
33 months Philadelphia sample 287 mothers Percentage = 0.15 Mean % = 0.04 Percentage difference = 0.11 HomeVEE calculated = 0.87 Statistically significant, p < 0.05 Secondary
Referral to early intervention (EI)
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
33 months Philadelphia sample 287 mothers Percentage = 0.20 Mean % = 0.15 Percentage difference = 0.06 HomeVEE calculated = 0.23 Statistically significant, p < 0.05 Secondary
Time to first receipt of early intervention (EI) services
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
33 months Philadelphia sample 287 mothers Not available Not available Not reported Not available Statistically significant, p < 0.05 Secondary
Time to first referral for early intervention (EI) services
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
33 months Philadelphia sample 287 mothers Not available Not available Not reported Not available Statistically significant, p < 0.05 Secondary
Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
Outcome Measure Outcome Measure Description Collection method Properties Outcome Type Operations links

Receipt of early intervention (EI) services

Number of children who received EI services Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Secondary

Referral to early intervention (EI)

Number of children referred to EI services Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Secondary

Time to first receipt of early intervention (EI) services

Percentage of children who received EI services at one-month intervals when children were between 0 and 33 months of age Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Secondary

Time to first referral for early intervention (EI) services

Percentage of children referred to EI services at one-month intervals when children were between 0 and 33 months of age Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Secondary
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