Healthy Steps (National Evaluation 1996 Protocol) Meets HHS Criteria

This report focuses on Healthy Steps as implemented in the 1996 evaluation. HHS has determined that home visiting is not the primary service delivery strategy and the model does not meet current requirements for MIECHV program implementation.

Last updated: July 2011

In Brief

Evidence of Model Effectiveness

This model meets the criteria established by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) for an “evidence-based early childhood home visiting service delivery model” for the general population, but does not meet the criteria for tribal populations.

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Model Description

Healthy Steps (national evaluation 1996 protocol) was a universal parenting intervention implemented between 1996 and 2001 for parents of children from birth to age 3. The HomVEE review is based on Healthy Steps as implemented in the 1996 national evaluation, and referred to as Healthy Steps (national evaluation 1996 protocol), or HS (national evaluation). HS (national evaluation) was designed to promote (1) the clinical capacity and effectiveness of pediatric primary care to better meet the needs of families with young children; (2) the knowledge, skills, and confidence of parents in their child-rearing abilities; and (3) the health and development of young children. The program added a child development specialist to the pediatric care team. HS specialists delivered a minimum of six home visits, attended well-child care appointments, staffed a telephone line parents could call with any questions, conducted child development and family health assessments, led parent group meetings, disseminated written materials to parents, and connected parents to community resources. Home visits and other components focused on educating families about their children’s health, behavior, and development. For more information, please read the Model Overview.

This report also includes a review of an enhancement to Healthy Steps, called PrePare. PrePare was designed for sites that provide prenatal assistance only. PrePare has been studied as a supplement to Healthy Steps that added an average of three prenatal home visits by the HS specialist. Home visitors covered general topics on the transition to parenthood, as well as dealing with family-specific risk factors.

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Extent of Evidence

Healthy Steps (National Evaluation 1996 Protocol)
Results of Research and Review
Number of studies
Eligible for review
7
Rated high
2
Rated moderate
3
Rated low
2
Additional source1
0
Healthy Steps - PrePare supplement relative to Healthy Steps only subgroup
Results of Research and Review
Number of studies
Eligible for review
2
Rated high
2
Rated moderate
0
Rated low
0
Additional source1
0

For more information, see the study database. For more information on the criteria used to determine the study ratings, please read Producing Study Ratings.

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Summary of Findings

Please read Describing Effects for more information on these categories. Only results from studies that meet the standards for the high or moderate ratings are included above.

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Criteria Established by the Department of Health and Human Services

Information Based on Comprehensive Review of All High- and Moderate-Impact Studies for this Model
Healthy Steps (National Evaluation 1996 Protocol)
High- or moderate-quality impact study?
Yes
Across high- or moderate-quality studies, favorable impacts in at least two outcome domains within one sample OR the same domain for at least two non-overlapping samples?
Yes
Favorable impacts on full sample?
Yes
Any favorable impacts on outcome measures sustained at least 12 months after model enrollment?1
Yes
One or more favorable, statistically significant impact reported in a peer-reviewed journal?1
Yes
Healthy Steps - PrePare supplement relative to Healthy Steps only subgroup
High- or moderate-quality impact study?
Yes
Across high- or moderate-quality studies, favorable impacts in at least two outcome domains within one sample OR the same domain for at least two non-overlapping samples?
Yes
Favorable impacts on full sample?
Yes
Any favorable impacts on outcome measures sustained at least 12 months after model enrollment?1
Yes
One or more favorable, statistically significant impact reported in a peer-reviewed journal?1
Yes

Please read the HHS Criteria for Evidence-Based Models for more information.

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