Healthy Steps (National Evaluation 1996 Protocol)
This report focuses on Healthy Steps as implemented in the 1996 evaluation. HHS has determined that home visiting is not the primary service delivery strategy and the model does not meet current requirements for MIECHV program implementation.
Last updated: 2011
Evidence of model effectiveness
This model meets the criteria established by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) for an “evidence-based early childhood home visiting service delivery model” for the general population, but does not meet the criteria for tribal populations.
Healthy Steps (national evaluation 1996 protocol) was a universal parenting intervention implemented between 1996 and 2001 for parents of children from birth to age 3. The HomVEE review is based on Healthy Steps as implemented in the 1996 national evaluation, and referred to as Healthy Steps (national evaluation 1996 protocol), or HS (national evaluation). HS (national evaluation) was designed to promote (1) the clinical capacity and effectiveness of pediatric primary care to better meet the needs of families with young children; (2) the knowledge, skills, and confidence of parents in their child-rearing abilities; and (3) the health and development of young children. The program added a child development specialist to the pediatric care team. HS specialists delivered a minimum of six home visits, attended well-child care appointments, staffed a telephone line parents could call with any questions, conducted child development and family health assessments, led parent group meetings, disseminated written materials to parents, and connected parents to community resources. Home visits and other components focused on educating families about their children’s health, behavior, and development. For more information, please read the Model Overview.
This report also includes a review of an enhancement to Healthy Steps, called PrePare. PrePare was designed for sites that provide prenatal assistance only. PrePare has been studied as a supplement to Healthy Steps that added an average of three prenatal home visits by the HS specialist. Home visitors covered general topics on the transition to parenthood, as well as dealing with family-specific risk factors.
Extent of evidence
Criteria established by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Notes: If the model does not meet criterion 3 but meets criteria 1 and 2 based on findings from subgroups, the impacts must be replicated in the same domain in two or more studies using non-overlapping analytic study samples. HomVEE assesses and reports criteria 4 and 5 for all models that have well-designed research, but meeting those two criteria is only required of models for which all findings are from randomized controlled trials. Please read the HHS criteria for evidence-based models for more information.