Family Spirit® Meets HHS Criteria Meets HHS criteria for an evidenced based model in tribal populations

Last updated: 2016

Effects shown in research & outcome measure details

Positive parenting practices

Findings rated high

Family Spirit®
Show findings details
Outcome measure Effect Follow-up timing Sample Sample size Intervention group Comparison group Group difference Effect size Statistical significance Notes
HOME inventory - 12 months
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
12 months Family Spirit RCT, 2006-2008 sample 322 mothers Adjusted mean = 25.92 Adjusted mean = 25.41 Mean difference = 0.51 Study reported = 0.08 Not statistically significant, p ≥ 0.05
HOME inventory - 6 months
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
6 months Family Spirit RCT, 2006-2008 sample 322 mothers Adjusted mean = 22.79 Adjusted mean = 22.75 Mean difference = 0.04 Study reported = 0.01 Not statistically significant, p ≥ 0.05
PLOC Parental self-efficacy - 12 months
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
12 months Family Spirit RCT, 2006-2008 sample 322 mothers Adjusted mean = 23.21 Adjusted mean = 24.71 Mean difference = -1.51 Study reported = -0.23 Statistically significant,
p = 0.01

footnote162

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Negative value is favorable to the intervention.

PLOC Parental self-efficacy - 6 months
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
6 months Family Spirit RCT, 2006-2008 sample 322 mothers Adjusted mean = 22.98 Adjusted mean = 23.83 Mean difference = -0.85 Study reported = -0.13 Not statistically significant, p ≥ 0.05

footnote162

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Negative value is favorable to the intervention.

Home safety attitudes
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
12 months Family Spirit RCT, 2006-2008 sample 322 mothers Adjusted mean = 29.54 Adjusted mean = 28.61 Mean difference = 0.94 Study reported = 0.19 Statistically significant,
p = 0.03
Home safety practices
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
12 months Family Spirit RCT, 2006-2008 sample 322 mothers Adjusted mean = 1.56 Adjusted mean = 1.30 Mean difference = 0.26 Study reported = 0.16 Not statistically significant, p ≥ 0.05
Parenting knowledge
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
12 months Family Spirit RCT, 2006-2008 sample 322 mothers Adjusted mean = 15.43 Adjusted mean = 14.08 Mean difference = 1.35 Study reported = 0.33 Statistically significant,
p = 0.001
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Outcome measure Outcome measure description Collection method Properties Operations links

HOME Inventory - 12 months

45-item assessment of parental behavior, parent-child interaction, and home environment Researcher observation

α = 0.75

HOME Inventory - 6 months

45-item assessment of parental behavior, parent-child interaction, and home environment Researcher observation

α = 0.75

PLOC Parental self-efficacy - 12 months

Self-efficacy subscale from Parental Locus of Control assessment

Maternal self-report

α = 0.67

PLOC Parental self-efficacy - 6 months

Self-efficacy subscale from Parental Locus of Control assessment

Maternal self-report

α = 0.67

Home safety attitudes

8-item assessment of attitudes towards home safety for children Maternal self-report

α = 0.57 for attitudinal component

Home safety practices

8-item assessment of attitudes towards home safety for children Maternal self-report

α = 0.57 for attitudinal component

Parenting knowledge

30-item assessment created by the investigator team to measure knowledge gains Maternal self-report

α = 0.65

Family Spirit®
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Outcome measure Effect Follow-up timing Sample Sample size Intervention group Comparison group Group difference Effect size Statistical significance Notes
HOME inventory (range 0-37)
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
2006-2008 sample, 3 years postpartum Full 322 mothers Adjusted mean = 31.73 Adjusted mean = 31.63 Mean difference = 0.10 Study reported = 0.02 Not statistically significant, p = 0.77
Parenting knowledge (range 0-30)
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
2006-2008 sample, 3 years postpartum Full 322 mothers Adjusted mean = 15.94 Adjusted mean = 14.66 Mean difference = 1.28 Study reported = 0.42 Statistically significant, p < .001
Parenting locus of control (range 27-135)
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
2006-2008 sample, 3 years postpartum Full 322 mothers Adjusted mean = 64.34 Adjusted mean = 66.03 Mean difference = -1.69 Study reported = 0.17 Statistically significant, p = 0.02

footnote162

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Negative value is favorable to the intervention.

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Outcome measure Outcome measure description Collection method Properties Operations links

HOME inventory (range 0-37)

37-item assessment of parental behavior, parent-child interaction, and home environment (maternal acceptance subscale was omitted) Researcher observation

a = 0.73

Parenting knowledge (range 0-30)

30-item assessment created by the investigator team to measure knowledge gains Maternal self-report

a = 0.58

Parenting locus of control (range 27-135)

27-item assessment of parent self-efficacy, parent control, and child control Maternal self-report

a = 0.84

Findings rated moderate

Family Spirit®
Show findings details
Outcome measure Effect Follow-up timing Sample Sample size Intervention group Comparison group Group difference Effect size Statistical significance
Change in maternal involvement - 2 months
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
2 months postpartum Mothers enrolled 2002-2004 125 mothers Adjusted mean = 1.10 Adjusted mean = 1.20 coeff = -0.60 HomeVEE calculated = -0.04 Not statistically significant,
p = >=.10
Change in maternal involvement - 12 months
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
12 months postpartum Mothers enrolled 2002-2004 82 mothers Adjusted mean = 1.00 Adjusted mean = 0.60 coeff = 0.22 HomeVEE calculated = 0.15 Not statistically significant,
p = >=.10
Change in maternal involvement - 6 months
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
6 months postpartum Mothers enrolled 2002-2004 115 mothers Adjusted mean = 1.30 Adjusted mean = 1.20 coeff = -0.15 HomeVEE calculated = 0.03 Not statistically significant,
p = >=.10
Change in parenting knowledge - 12 months
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
12 months postpartum Mothers enrolled 2002-2004 82 mothers Adjusted mean = 26.60 Adjusted mean = 15.20 coeff = 13.92 HomeVEE calculated = 0.86 Statistically significant, p<.01
Change in parenting knowledge - 2 months
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
2 months postpartum Mothers enrolled 2002-2004 125 mothers Adjusted mean = 3.20 Adjusted mean = 2.60 coeff = 3.10 HomeVEE calculated = 0.06 Not statistically significant, p ≥ 0.05
Change in parenting knowledge - 6 months
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
6 months postpartum Mothers enrolled 2002-2004 115 mothers Adjusted mean = 23.80 Adjusted mean = 12.80 coeff = 13.46 HomeVEE calculated = 0.81 Statistically significant, p<.01
Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment - 12 months
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
12 months postpartum Mothers enrolled 2002-2004 82 mothers Adjusted mean = 37.10 Adjusted mean = 37.40 coeff = -0.04 HomeVEE calculated = -0.04 Not statistically significant,
p = >=.10
Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment - 6 months
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
6 months postpartum Mothers enrolled 2002-2004 115 mothers Adjusted mean = 32.50 Adjusted mean = 33.40 coeff = -1.27 HomeVEE calculated = -0.14 Not statistically significant,
p = >=.10
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Outcome measure Outcome measure description Collection method Properties Operations links

Change in maternal involvement - 2 months

5-item assessment scored on a 4-point scale adapted from Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration measures Maternal self-report

α = 0.65

Change in maternal involvement - 12 months

5-item assessment scored on a 4-point scale adapted from Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration measures Maternal self-report

α = 0.65

Change in maternal involvement - 6 months

5-item assessment scored on a 4-point scale adapted from Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration measures Maternal self-report

α = 0.65

Change in parenting knowledge - 12 months

76-item assessment created by the investigator team to measure knowledge gains Maternal self-report

α = 0.95

Change in parenting knowledge - 2 months

76-item assessment created by the investigator team to measure knowledge gains Maternal self-report

α = 0.95

Change in parenting knowledge - 6 months

76-item assessment created by the investigator team to measure knowledge gains Maternal self-report

α = 0.95

Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment - 12 months

45-item assessment of parental behavior, parent-child interaction, and home environment Researcher observation

α = 0.89

Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment - 6 months

45-item assessment of parental behavior, parent-child interaction, and home environment Researcher observation

α = 0.89

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