Early Start (New Zealand) Meets HHS Criteria

Last updated: July 2014

Effects Shown in Research & Outcome Measure Details

Positive Parenting Practices

Outcomes Rated Moderate

Early Start (New Zealand)
Show Findings Details
Outcome Measure Effect Follow-up Timing Sample Sample Size Intervention Group Comparison Group Group Difference Effect Size Statistical Significance Outcome Type
Non-punitive attitudes (CRPR)
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
36 months Christchurch sample 391 children Unadjusted mean = 10.12 Unadjusted mean = 9.90 Mean difference = 0.22 Study reported = 0.22 Statistically significant, p < 0.05 Primary
Percent smoke-free home/smoke-free area
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
36 months Christchurch sample 388 children % = 80.80 % = 81.60 = -0.80 Study reported = -0.02 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Positive parenting attitude (Child Rearing Practices Report [ CRPR])
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
36 months Christchurch sample 391 children Unadjusted mean = 10.14 Unadjusted mean = 9.88 Mean difference = 0.26 Study reported = 0.26 Statistically significant, p < 0.05 Primary
Total parenting score (CRPR)
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
36 months Christchurch sample 391 children Unadjusted mean = 10.14 Unadjusted mean = 9.87 Mean difference = 0.27 Study reported = 0.27 Statistically significant, p < 0.05 Primary
Show Outcome Measure Summary
Outcome Measure Outcome Measure Description Collection Method Properties Outcome Type Operations links

Non-punitive attitudes (CRPR)

Positive and punitive parenting practices were assessed using a 49-item measure that combined items from the Child Rearing Practices Report (CRPR), the Adult-Adolescent Parenting Inventory (AAPI) and study developed items.

Parent/caregiver report

Cronbach's α ranged from 0.73 to 0.89.

Primary

Positive parenting attitude (Child Rearing Practices Report [ CRPR])

Positive and punitive parenting practices were assessed using a 49-item measure that combined items from the Child Rearing Practices Report (CRPR), the Adult-Adolescent Parenting Inventory (AAPI) and study developed items.

Parent/caregiver report

Cronbach’s α ranged from 0.73 to 0.89.

Primary

Total parenting score (CRPR)

Positive and punitive parenting practices were assessed using a 49-item measure that combined items from the Child Rearing Practices Report (CRPR), the Adult-Adolescent Parenting Inventory (AAPI) and study developed items.

Parent/caregiver report

Cronbach's α ranged from 0.73 to 0.89.

Primary
Early Start (New Zealand) – Māori subgroup
Show Findings Details
Outcome Measure Effect Follow-up Timing Sample Sample Size Intervention Group Comparison Group Group Difference Effect Size Statistical Significance Outcome Type
Non-punitiveattitudes (CRPR)
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
36 months Tribal/Māori sample 151 families Unadjusted mean = 10.08 Unadjusted mean = 9.76 Mean difference = 0.32 HomeVEE calculated = 0.30 Not statistically significant,
p > 0.05
Primary
Positive parenting attitude (Child Rearing Practices Report [ CRPR])
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
36 months Tribal/Māori sample 151 families Unadjusted mean = 10.04 Unadjusted mean = 9.63 Mean difference = 0.41 HomeVEE calculated = 0.37 Statistically significant,
p = 0.02
Primary
Total parenting score (CRPR)
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
36 months Tribal/Māori sample 151 families Unadjusted mean = 10.07 Unadjusted mean = 9.65 Mean difference = 0.42 HomeVEE calculated = 0.38 Statistically significant,
p = 0.02
Primary
Show Outcome Measure Summary
Outcome Measure Outcome Measure Description Collection Method Properties Outcome Type Operations links

Non-punitive attitudes (CRPR)

Positive and punitive parenting practices were assessed using a 49-item measure that combined items from the Child Rearing Practices Report (CRPR), the Adult-Adolescent Parenting Inventory (AAPI) and study developed items.

Parent/caregiver report

Cronbach's α ranged from 0.73 to 0.89.

Primary

Positive parenting attitude (Child Rearing Practices Report [ CRPR])

Positive and punitive parenting practices were assessed using a 49-item measure that combined items from the Child Rearing Practices Report (CRPR), the Adult-Adolescent Parenting Inventory (AAPI) and study developed items.

Parent/caregiver report

Cronbach’s α ranged from 0.73 to 0.89.

Primary

Total parenting score (CRPR)

Positive and punitive parenting practices were assessed using a 49-item measure that combined items from the Child Rearing Practices Report (CRPR), the Adult-Adolescent Parenting Inventory (AAPI) and study developed items.

Parent/caregiver report

Cronbach's α ranged from 0.73 to 0.89.

Primary
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