Early Start (New Zealand) Meets HHS Criteria

Model effectiveness research report last updated: 2011

Effects shown in research & outcome measure details

Maternal health

Findings rated moderate

Early Start (New Zealand)
Show findings details
Outcome measure Effect Follow-up timing Sample Sample size Intervention group Comparison group Group difference Effect size Statistical significance Notes
Percent any family/social relationship problem
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
36 months Christchurch sample 388 families % = 81.30 % = 82.90 = -1.60 Study reported = 0.04 Not statistically significant, p ≥ 0.05

footnote150

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

High score equals unfavorable.

Percent ever pregnant to 36 months
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
36 months Christchurch sample 388 mothers % = 42.90 % = 47.60 = -4.70 Study reported = 0.09 Not statistically significant, p ≥ 0.05

footnote150

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

High score equals unfavorable.

Percent major depression
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
36 months Christchurch sample 388 mothers % = 36.00 % = 37.10 = -1.10 Study reported = 0.02 Not statistically significant, p ≥ 0.05

footnote150

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

High score equals unfavorable.

Percent mother smoked cigarettes
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
36 months Christchurch sample 388 mothers % = 73.10 % = 68.90 = 4.20 Study reported = -0.09 Not statistically significant, p ≥ 0.05

footnote150

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

High score equals unfavorable.

Percent substance use problems
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
36 months Christchurch sample 388 mothers % = 38.50 % = 33.00 = 5.50 Study reported = -0.11 Not statistically significant, p ≥ 0.05

footnote150

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

High score equals unfavorable.

Show outcome measure summary
Outcome measure Outcome measure description Collection method Properties

Percent any family/social relationship problem

The percentage of families who experienced any family or social relationship problems within the past 36 months Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Percent ever pregnant to 36 months

The percentage of mothers who had become pregnant within the past 36 months Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Percent major depression

The authors used items from the Composite International DiagnosticInterview (CIDI) to assess whether parents ever met the DSM-IV diagnostic criteria for major depression within the past 36 months. Parent/caregiver report

Not reported by author.

Percent mother assaulted by any partner

The ConflictTactics Scale (CTS2) was used to assess partner violence. The percentage of parents who reported any incident of psychological or physical assault by any partner within the past 36 months. Parent/caregiver report

Not reported by author.

Percent mother smoked cigarettes

Percentage of mothers who smoked cigarettes within the past 36 months Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Percent substance use problems

Items from the CompositeInternational DiagnosticInterview (CIDI) was used to assess alcohol and drug abuse and dependence. The percentage of parents with substance use problems within the past 36 months. Parent/caregiver report

Not reported by author.

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