Early Start (New Zealand) Meets HHS Criteria

Last updated: July 2014

Effects Shown in Research & Outcome Measure Details

Family Economic Self-Sufficiency

Outcomes Rated Moderate

Early Start (New Zealand)
Show Study Effects Details
Outcome measure Effect Follow-up Timing Sample Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Group Difference Effect size Statistical significance Outcome Type Notes
Mean amount of debt
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
36 months Christchurch sample 388 families Unadjusted mean $3,582 = 3582.00 Unadjusted mean = 3380.00 Mean difference = 202.00 Study reported = -0.04 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary

footnote150

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

High score equals unfavorable.

Mean family income per week
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
36 months Christchurch sample 388 families Unadjusted mean = 454.00 Unadjusted mean = 443.00 Mean difference = 11.00 Study reported = 0.08 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Mean number of family changes
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
36 months Christchurch sample 388 families Unadjusted mean = 1.00 Unadjusted mean = 1.10 Mean difference = -0.10 Study reported = 0.05 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary

footnote150

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

High score equals unfavorable.

Percent income inadequate/very inadequate
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
36 months Christchurch sample 388 families % = 41.80 % = 37.40 = 4.40 Study reported = -0.09 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary

footnote150

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

High score equals unfavorable.

Percent separated from partner
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
36 months Christchurch sample 388 families % = 31.10 % = 26.30 = 4.80 Study reported = -0.10 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary

footnote150

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

High score equals unfavorable.

Percent single-parent family
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
36 months Christchurch sample 388 families % = 85.90 % = 82.00 = 3.90 Study reported = -0.11 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary

footnote150

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

High score equals unfavorable.

Percent welfare dependent
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
36 months Christchurch sample 388 families % = 89.60 % = 86.40 = 3.20 Study reported = -0.10 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary

footnote150

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

High score equals unfavorable.

Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
Outcome Measure Outcome Measure Description Collection method Properties Outcome Type Operations links

Mean amount of debt

The average amount of debt families owed over the past 36 months Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Secondary

Mean family income per week

The average of families' income per week over the past 36 months Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Secondary

Mean number of family changes

The mean number of family changes such as reconciliation, remarriage, and placement with foster parents within the past 36 months. Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Secondary

Percent income inadequate/very inadequate

The percentage of families who reported that the adequacy of their income to meet their basic family needs was inadequate/very inadequate within the past 36 months. Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Secondary

Percent separated from partner

The percentage of families that experienced a parental separation with the past 36 months Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Secondary

Percent single-parent family

The percentage of families that were single-parent families at some point within the past 36 months Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Secondary

Percent welfare dependent

The percentage of families that were ever dependent on welfare within the past six months Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Secondary
Early Start (New Zealand)
Show Study Effects Details
Outcome measure Effect Follow-up Timing Sample Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Group Difference Effect size Statistical significance Outcome Type Notes
Mean amount of debt
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
36 months Christchurch sample 388 families Unadjusted mean $3,582 = 3582.00 Unadjusted mean = 3380.00 Mean difference = 202.00 Study reported = -0.04 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary

footnote150

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

High score equals unfavorable.

Mean family income per week
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
36 months Christchurch sample 388 families Unadjusted mean = 454.00 Unadjusted mean = 443.00 Mean difference = 11.00 Study reported = 0.08 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Mean number of family changes
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
36 months Christchurch sample 388 families Unadjusted mean = 1.00 Unadjusted mean = 1.10 Mean difference = -0.10 Study reported = 0.05 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary

footnote150

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

High score equals unfavorable.

Percent income inadequate/very inadequate
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
36 months Christchurch sample 388 families % = 41.80 % = 37.40 = 4.40 Study reported = -0.09 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary

footnote150

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

High score equals unfavorable.

Percent separated from partner
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
36 months Christchurch sample 388 families % = 31.10 % = 26.30 = 4.80 Study reported = -0.10 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary

footnote150

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

High score equals unfavorable.

Percent single-parent family
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
36 months Christchurch sample 388 families % = 85.90 % = 82.00 = 3.90 Study reported = -0.11 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary

footnote150

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

High score equals unfavorable.

Percent welfare dependent
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
36 months Christchurch sample 388 families % = 89.60 % = 86.40 = 3.20 Study reported = -0.10 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary

footnote150

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

High score equals unfavorable.

Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
Outcome Measure Outcome Measure Description Collection method Properties Outcome Type Operations links

Mean amount of debt

The average amount of debt families owed over the past 36 months Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Secondary

Mean family income per week

The average of families' income per week over the past 36 months Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Secondary

Mean number of family changes

The mean number of family changes such as reconciliation, remarriage, and placement with foster parents within the past 36 months. Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Secondary

Percent income inadequate/very inadequate

The percentage of families who reported that the adequacy of their income to meet their basic family needs was inadequate/very inadequate within the past 36 months. Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Secondary

Percent separated from partner

The percentage of families that experienced a parental separation with the past 36 months Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Secondary

Percent single-parent family

The percentage of families that were single-parent families at some point within the past 36 months Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Secondary

Percent welfare dependent

The percentage of families that were ever dependent on welfare within the past six months Parent/caregiver report

Not applicable

Secondary
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