Computer-Assisted Motivational Intervention (CAMI)

Last updated: 2012

In brief

Evidence of model effectiveness

This model does not meet the criteria established by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) for an “evidence-based early childhood home visiting service delivery model” for the general population or for tribal populations because the findings from high- or moderate-rated effectiveness studies of the model do not meet all required criteria.

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Model description

The Computer-Assisted Motivational Intervention (CAMI) was designed to delay repeat childbearing among adolescent girls by motivating them to change their contraceptive behaviors. During home visits, adolescents completed a computer-based survey assessing their sexual relationships, contraceptive intentions and plans, and current pregnancy prevention practices. An algorithm assessed the participant’s risk for repeat pregnancy, sexually transmitted infections, and readiness to use contraception and/or condoms. Following the survey, CAMI counselors conducted a 20- to 30-minute motivational interview in which they discussed how the teen’s goals and actions aligned, and encouraged the adolescent to change her behavior. Home visits lasted about one hour and were conducted once per quarter over a two-year period.

This report also includes a review of an enhancement to CAMI, called CAMI+. In addition to the standard program, CAMI+ provided participants with biweekly or monthly home-based parent training and case management services. The 16-module curriculum, designed specifically for African American adolescent mothers, covered topics such as child development and discipline. The home visits were initiated prenatally at about 32 weeks gestation.

For more information, please read the Model Overview.

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Extent of evidence

Computer-Assisted Motivational Intervention (CAMI)
Results of search and review
Number of manuscripts
At least one finding was eligible for review…
2
  …and at least one finding rated high
1
  …and at least one finding rated moderate (but none rated high)
0
  …and all findings that were eligible for review rated low
0
  …but manuscript is additional source1
1
Computer-Assisted Motivational Intervention (CAMI) - CAMI+
Results of search and review
Number of manuscripts
At least one finding was eligible for review…
1
  …and at least one finding rated high
1
  …and at least one finding rated moderate
0
  …and all findings that were eligible for review rated low
0
  …but manuscript is additional source1
0

For more information, see the research database. For more information on the criteria used to rate research, please see details of HomVEE’s methods and standards.

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Summary of findings

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Criteria established by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Information based on comprehensive review of all high- and moderate-rated manuscripts
Computer-Assisted Motivational Intervention (CAMI)
CriterionCriterion descriptionCriterion met?
1High- or moderate-quality impact study?Yes
2Across high- or moderate-quality studies, favorable impacts in at least two outcome domains within one sample OR the same domain for at least two non-overlapping samples?No
3Favorable impacts on full sample?No
4Any favorable impacts on outcome measures sustained at least 12 months after model enrollment?
Reported for all research but only required for RCTs.
No
5One or more favorable, statistically significant impact reported in a peer-reviewed journal?
Reported for all research but only required for RCTs.
No
Computer-Assisted Motivational Intervention (CAMI) - CAMI+
CriterionCriterion descriptionCriterion met?
1High- or moderate-quality impact study?Yes
2Across high- or moderate-quality studies, favorable impacts in at least two outcome domains within one sample OR the same domain for at least two non-overlapping samples?No
3Favorable impacts on full sample?Yes
4Any favorable impacts on outcome measures sustained at least 12 months after model enrollment?
Reported for all research but only required for RCTs.
Yes
5One or more favorable, statistically significant impact reported in a peer-reviewed journal?
Reported for all research but only required for RCTs.
Yes

Notes: If the model does not meet criterion 3 but meets criteria 1 and 2 based on findings from subgroups, the impacts must be replicated in the same domain in two or more studies using non-overlapping analytic study samples. HomVEE assesses and reports criteria 4 and 5 for all models that have well-designed research, but meeting those two criteria is only required of models for which all findings are from randomized controlled trials. Please read the HHS criteria for evidence-based models for more information.

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