SafeCare®

Entries in this row combine information across all versions of SafeCare except for SafeCare Augmented. The main version of SafeCare has no high- or moderate-quality impact studies. Some other versions of SafeCare have at least one such study, but no version of the model other than SafeCare Augmented meets HHS criteria for an evidence-based home visiting model. Planned Activities Training (a SafeCare module) and Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training (a SafeCare module with an add-on) show evidence of effectiveness.

Last updated: July 2018

Effects Shown in Research & Outcome Measure Details

Child Development and School Readiness

Outcomes Rated High

SafeCare: Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training Module
Show Study Effects Details
Outcome measure Effect Follow-up Timing Sample Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Group Difference Effect size Statistical significance Outcome Type
Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS) - Adaptive Behaviors
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
6 months Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training vs. Control 229 mothers Adjusted mean = 53.59 Adjusted mean = 48.28 Mean difference = 2.95 Study reported = 0.29 Statistically significant, p ≤ 0.05 Secondary
Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS) - Externalizing Behaviors
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
6 months Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training vs. Control 229 mothers Adjusted mean = 47.73 Adjusted mean = 49.85 Mean difference = -2.17 HomeVEE calculated = -0.21 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS) - Internalizing Behaviors
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
6 months Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training vs. Control 229 mothers Adjusted mean = 48.48 Adjusted mean = 49.21 Mean difference = -2.27 HomeVEE calculated = -0.07 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Child Behavior Rating Scale (CBRS)
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
6 months Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training vs. Control 229 mothers Adjusted mean = 4.45 Adjusted mean = 4.23 Mean difference = 0.27 Study reported = 0.43 Statistically significant, p ≤ 0.001 Secondary
Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
Outcome Measure Outcome Measure Description Collection method Properties Outcome Type Operations links

Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS) - Adaptive Behaviors

Mean score on the BASC-2-PRS, adaptive behaviors

Parent/caregiver report

Internal consistency reliability for the age of interest ranged from 0.85 to 0.93; test-retest reliability ranged from 0.81 to 0.86.

Secondary

Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS) - Externalizing Behaviors

Mean score on the BASC-2-PRS, externalizing behaviors

Parent/caregiver report

Internal consistency reliability for the age of interest ranged from 0.85 to 0.93; test-retest reliability ranged from 0.81 to 0.86.

Secondary

Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS) - Internalizing Behaviors

Mean score on the BASC-2-PRS, internalizing behaviors

Parent/caregiver report

Internal consistency reliability for the age of interest ranged from 0.85 to 0.93; test-retest reliability ranged from 0.81 to 0.86.

Secondary

Child Behavior Rating Scale (CBRS)

Mean CBRS score; CBRS was a 5-point scale used to rate five dimensions of children’s positive engagement and responsiveness during parent-child interactions.

Child assessment

Internal consistency = 0.81

Secondary
SafeCare: Planned Activities Training Module
Show Study Effects Details
Outcome measure Effect Follow-up Timing Sample Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Group Difference Effect size Statistical significance Outcome Type
Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS) - Adaptive Behaviors
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
6 months Planned Activities Training vs. Control 258 mothers Adjusted mean = 50.27 Adjusted mean = 48.28 Mean difference = 0.77 HomeVEE calculated = 0.18 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS) - Externalizing Behaviors
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
6 months Planned Activities Training vs. Control 258 mothers Adjusted mean = 48.96 Adjusted mean = 49.85 Mean difference = -1.44 HomeVEE calculated = -0.09 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS) - Internalizing Behaviors
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
6 months Planned Activities Training vs. Control 258 mothers Adjusted mean = 50.60 Adjusted mean = 49.21 Mean difference = -0.55 HomeVEE calculated = 0.13 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Secondary
Child Behavior Rating Scale (CBRS)
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
6 months Planned Activities Training vs. Control 258 mothers Adjusted mean = 4.33 Adjusted mean = 4.23 Mean difference = 0.18 Study reported = 0.29 Statistically significant, p ≤ 0.05 Secondary
Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
Outcome Measure Outcome Measure Description Collection method Properties Outcome Type Operations links

Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS) - Adaptive Behaviors

Mean score on the BASC-2-PRS, adaptive behaviors

Parent/caregiver report

Internal consistency reliability for the age of interest ranged from 0.85 to 0.93; test-retest reliability ranged from 0.81 to 0.86.

Secondary

Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS) - Externalizing Behaviors

Mean score on the BASC-2-PRS, externalizing behaviors

Parent/caregiver report

Internal consistency reliability for the age of interest ranged from 0.85 to 0.93; test-retest reliability ranged from 0.81 to 0.86.

Secondary

Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS) - Internalizing Behaviors

Mean score on the BASC-2-PRS, internalizing behaviors

Parent/caregiver report

Internal consistency reliability for the age of interest ranged from 0.85 to 0.93; test-retest reliability ranged from 0.81 to 0.86.

Secondary

Child Behavior Rating Scale (CBRS)

Mean CBRS score; CBRS was a 5-point scale used to rate five dimensions of children’s positive engagement and responsiveness during parent-child interactions.

Child assessment

Internal consistency = 0.81

Secondary
SafeCare: Planned Activities Training Module
Show Study Effects Details
Outcome measure Effect Follow-up Timing Sample Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Group Difference Effect size Statistical significance Outcome Type Notes
Child adaptive skills: Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS), Adaptive Skills subscale, PCI (Planned Activities Training) vs. Control, 12 months
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
12 months PCI (Planned Activities Training) vs. Control 258 mother/child dyads Not applicable Not applicable Not reported Study reported = -0.15 Not statistically significant, p = 0.37 Secondary

footnote300

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Authors used linear regression models to estimate the impact, and reported a coefficient, standard error, effect size, and p-value.

Child cooperative behavior: Child Behavior Rating Scale (CBRS), PCI (Planned Activities Training) vs. Control, 12 months
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
12 months PCI (Planned Activities Training) vs. Control 258 mother/child dyads Not applicable Not applicable Not reported Study reported = 0.28 Not statistically significant, p = 0.06 Primary

footnote300

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Authors used linear regression models to estimate the impact, and reported a coefficient, standard error, effect size, and p-value.

Child externalizing behaviors: Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS), Externalizing subscale, PCI (Planned Activities Training) vs. Control, 12 months
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
12 months PCI (Planned Activities Training) vs. Control 258 mother/child dyads Not applicable Not applicable Not reported Not available Not statistically significant, p = 0.57 Secondary

footnote300

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Authors used linear regression models to estimate the impact, and reported a coefficient, standard error, effect size, and p-value.

Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
Outcome Measure Outcome Measure Description Collection method Properties Outcome Type Operations links

Child adaptive skills: Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS), Adaptive Skills subscale, PCI (Planned Activities Training) vs. Control, 12 months

Mean score on the Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS), Adaptive Skills subscale, a measure of child adaptive behaviors.

Maternal report

Internal consistency reliability ranged from 0.89 to 0.91.

Secondary

Child cooperative behavior: Child Behavior Rating Scale (CBRS), PCI (Planned Activities Training) vs. Control, 12 months

Mean Child Behavior Rating Scale (CBRS) score; CBRS is a 5-point scale used to rate five dimensions of children’s positive engagement and responsiveness during parent-child interactions.

Direct observation

Internal consistency ranged from 0.80 to 0.87.

Primary

Child externalizing behaviors: Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS), Externalizing subscale, PCI (Planned Activities Training) vs. Control, 12 months

Mean score on the Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS), Externalizing subscale, a measure of child externalizing behaviors.

Maternal report

Internal consistency reliability was 0.88.

Secondary

Outcomes Rated Moderate

SafeCare: Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training Module
Show Study Effects Details
Outcome measure Effect Follow-up Timing Sample Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Group Difference Effect size Statistical significance Outcome Type Notes
Child adaptive skills: Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS), Adaptive Skills subscale, PCI-C (Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training) vs. Control, 12 months
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
12 months PCI-C (Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training) vs. Control 229 mother/child dyads Not applicable Not applicable Not reported Study reported = 0.09 Not statistically significant, p = 0.59 Secondary

footnote300

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Authors used linear regression models to estimate the impact, and reported a coefficient, standard error, effect size, and p-value.

Child cooperative behavior: Child Behavior Rating Scale (CBRS), PCI-C (Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training) vs. Control, 12 months
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
12 months PCI-C (Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training) vs. Control 229 mother/child dyads Not applicable Not applicable Not reported Study reported = 0.38 Statistically significant, p = 0.04 Primary

footnote300

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Authors used linear regression models to estimate the impact, and reported a coefficient, standard error, effect size, and p-value.

Child externalizing behaviors: Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS), Externalizing subscale, PCI-C (Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training) vs. Control, 12 months
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
12 months PCI-C (Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training) vs. Control 229 mother/child dyads Not applicable Not applicable Not reported Not available Statistically significant, p = 0.00 Secondary

footnote300

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Authors used linear regression models to estimate the impact, and reported a coefficient, standard error, effect size, and p-value.

Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
Outcome Measure Outcome Measure Description Collection method Properties Outcome Type Operations links

Child adaptive skills: Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS), Adaptive Skills subscale, PCI-C (Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training) vs. Control, 12 months

Mean score on the Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS), Adaptive Skills subscale, a measure of child adaptive behaviors.

Maternal report

Internal consistency reliability ranged from 0.89 to 0.91.

Secondary

Child cooperative behavior: Child Behavior Rating Scale (CBRS), PCI-C (Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training) vs. Control, 12 months

Mean Child Behavior Rating Scale (CBRS) score; CBRS is a 5-point scale used to rate five dimensions of children’s positive engagement and responsiveness during parent-child interactions.

Direct observation

Internal consistency ranged from 0.80 to 0.87.

Primary

Child externalizing behaviors: Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS), Externalizing subscale, PCI-C (Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training) vs. Control, 12 months

Mean score on the Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS), Externalizing subscale, a measure of child externalizing behaviors.

Maternal report

Internal consistency reliability was 0.88.

Secondary
SafeCare: Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training Module
Show Study Effects Details
Outcome measure Effect Follow-up Timing Sample Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Group Difference Effect size Statistical significance Outcome Type Notes
Child adaptive skills: Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS), Adaptive Skills subscale, PCI-C (Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training) vs. Control, 12 months
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
12 months PCI-C (Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training) vs. Control 229 mother/child dyads Not applicable Not applicable Not reported Study reported = 0.09 Not statistically significant, p = 0.59 Secondary

footnote300

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Authors used linear regression models to estimate the impact, and reported a coefficient, standard error, effect size, and p-value.

Child cooperative behavior: Child Behavior Rating Scale (CBRS), PCI-C (Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training) vs. Control, 12 months
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
12 months PCI-C (Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training) vs. Control 229 mother/child dyads Not applicable Not applicable Not reported Study reported = 0.38 Statistically significant, p = 0.04 Primary

footnote300

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Authors used linear regression models to estimate the impact, and reported a coefficient, standard error, effect size, and p-value.

Child externalizing behaviors: Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS), Externalizing subscale, PCI-C (Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training) vs. Control, 12 months
FavorableUnfavorableNo Effect
12 months PCI-C (Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training) vs. Control 229 mother/child dyads Not applicable Not applicable Not reported Not available Statistically significant, p = 0.00 Secondary

footnote300

Submitted by user on Fri, 03/15/2019 - 14:29

Authors used linear regression models to estimate the impact, and reported a coefficient, standard error, effect size, and p-value.

Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
Outcome Measure Outcome Measure Description Collection method Properties Outcome Type Operations links

Child adaptive skills: Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS), Adaptive Skills subscale, PCI-C (Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training) vs. Control, 12 months

Mean score on the Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS), Adaptive Skills subscale, a measure of child adaptive behaviors.

Maternal report

Internal consistency reliability ranged from 0.89 to 0.91.

Secondary

Child cooperative behavior: Child Behavior Rating Scale (CBRS), PCI-C (Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training) vs. Control, 12 months

Mean Child Behavior Rating Scale (CBRS) score; CBRS is a 5-point scale used to rate five dimensions of children’s positive engagement and responsiveness during parent-child interactions.

Direct observation

Internal consistency ranged from 0.80 to 0.87.

Primary

Child externalizing behaviors: Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS), Externalizing subscale, PCI-C (Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training) vs. Control, 12 months

Mean score on the Behavior Assessment Scale for Children-2-Parent Report Scale (BASC-2-PRS), Externalizing subscale, a measure of child externalizing behaviors.

Maternal report

Internal consistency reliability was 0.88.

Secondary
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