Maternal Infant Health Program (MIHP) Meets HHS Criteria

Model effectiveness research report last updated: 2019

Effects shown in research & outcome measure details

Reductions in child maltreatment

Findings rated moderate

Maternal Infant Health Program (MIHP)
Show findings details
Outcome measure Effect Follow-up timing Sample Sample size Intervention group Comparison group Group difference Effect size Statistical significance Notes
Burns
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
12 months postpartum Full sample; Michigan Medicaid 2011 birth cohort 27320 infants Unadjusted proportion = 0.01 Unadjusted proportion = 0.01 MD = 0.00 HomeVEE calculated = 0.11 Not statistically significant, p = 0.16

Program and comparison group proportions are less than 0.010. Group differences are very small.

Crush injury
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
12 months postpartum Full sample; Michigan Medicaid 2011 birth cohort 27320 infants Unadjusted proportion = 0.00 Unadjusted proportion = 0.00 MD = 0.00 HomeVEE calculated = 0.00 Not statistically significant, p = 0.81

Program and comparison group proportions are less than 0.005. Group differences are very small.

Dislocations and strains and sprains
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
12 months postpartum Full sample; Michigan Medicaid 2011 birth cohort 27320 infants Unadjusted proportion = 0.01 Unadjusted proportion = 0.01 MD = 0.00 HomeVEE calculated = 0.08 Not statistically significant, p = 0.62

Program and comparison group proportions are less than 0.010. Group differences are very small.

Foreign body
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
12 months postpartum Full sample; Michigan Medicaid 2011 birth cohort 27320 infants Unadjusted proportion = 0.01 Unadjusted proportion = 0.01 MD = 0.00 HomeVEE calculated = 0.21 Statistically significant, p = 0.01

Group differences are very small.

Fracture lower limb
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
12 months postpartum Full sample; Michigan Medicaid 2011 birth cohort 27320 infants Unadjusted proportion = 0.00 Unadjusted proportion = 0.00 MD = 0.00 HomeVEE calculated = 0.00 Not statistically significant, p = 0.33

Program and comparison group proportions are less than 0.005. Group differences are very small.

Fracture neck and trunk
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
12 months postpartum Full sample; Michigan Medicaid 2011 birth cohort 27320 infants Unadjusted proportion = 0.00 Unadjusted proportion = 0.00 MD = 0.00 HomeVEE calculated = 0.42 Not statistically significant, p = 0.48

Program and comparison group proportions are less than 0.005. Group differences are very small.

Fracture skull that apart from vault or base
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
12 months postpartum Full sample; Michigan Medicaid 2011 birth cohort 27320 infants Unadjusted proportion = 0.00 Unadjusted proportion = 0.00 MD = 0.00 HomeVEE calculated = 0.00 Not statistically significant, p = 0.51

Program and comparison group proportions are less than 0.005. Group differences are very small.

Fracture skull vault or base
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
12 months postpartum Full sample; Michigan Medicaid 2011 birth cohort 27320 infants Unadjusted proportion = 0.00 Unadjusted proportion = 0.00 MD = 0.00 HomeVEE calculated = 0.00 Not statistically significant, p = 0.68

Program and comparison group proportions are less than 0.005. Group differences are very small.

Fracture upper limb
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
12 months postpartum Full sample; Michigan Medicaid 2011 birth cohort 27320 infants Unadjusted proportion = 0.00 Unadjusted proportion = 0.00 MD = 0.00 HomeVEE calculated = -0.17 Not statistically significant, p = 0.32

Program and comparison group proportions are less than 0.005. Group differences are very small.

Internal trauma
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
12 months postpartum Full sample; Michigan Medicaid 2011 birth cohort 27320 infants Unadjusted proportion = 0.00 Unadjusted proportion = 0.00 MD = 0.00 HomeVEE calculated = 0.00 Not statistically significant, p = 0.56

Program and comparison group proportions are less than 0.005. Group differences are very small.

Intracranial Injury
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
12 months postpartum Full sample; Michigan Medicaid 2011 birth cohort 27320 infants Unadjusted proportion = 0.01 Unadjusted proportion = 0.00 MD = 0.00 HomeVEE calculated = 0.25 Statistically significant, p = 0.04

Program and comparison group proportions are less than 0.010. Group differences are very small.

Multiple fractures of limbs
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
12 months postpartum Full sample; Michigan Medicaid 2011 birth cohort 27320 infants Unadjusted proportion = 0.00 Unadjusted proportion = 0.00 MD = 0.00 HomeVEE calculated = 0.00 Not statistically significant, p = 0.56

Program and comparison group proportions are less than 0.005. Group differences are very small.

Nerve and spinal cord
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
12 months postpartum Full sample; Michigan Medicaid 2011 birth cohort 27320 infants Unadjusted proportion = 0.00 Unadjusted proportion = 0.00 MD = 0.00 HomeVEE calculated = 0.00 Not statistically significant, p = 0.81

Program and comparison group proportions are less than 0.005. Group differences are very small.

Open wounds
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
12 months postpartum Full sample; Michigan Medicaid 2011 birth cohort 27320 infants Unadjusted proportion = 0.02 Unadjusted proportion = 0.01 MD = 0.00 HomeVEE calculated = 0.17 Statistically significant, p = 0.02

Group differences are very small.

Poisoning
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
12 months postpartum Full sample; Michigan Medicaid 2011 birth cohort 27320 infants Unadjusted proportion = 0.02 Unadjusted proportion = 0.02 MD = 0.00 HomeVEE calculated = -0.07 Not statistically significant, p = 0.33

Group differences are very small.

Proportion of infants with at least one injury episode
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
12 months postpartum Full sample; Michigan Medicaid 2011 birth cohort 27320 infants Unadjusted proportion = 0.12 Unadjusted proportion = 0.10 MD = 0.01 HomeVEE calculated = 0.08 Statistically significant, p = 0.00
Superficial injuries and contusion
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
12 months postpartum Full sample; Michigan Medicaid 2011 birth cohort 27320 infants Unadjusted proportion = 0.05 Unadjusted proportion = 0.04 MD = 0.01 HomeVEE calculated = 0.14 Statistically significant, p = 0.01
Vascular injury
FavorableUnfavorable or ambiguousNo Effect
12 months postpartum Full sample; Michigan Medicaid 2011 birth cohort 27320 infants Unadjusted proportion = 0.00 Unadjusted proportion = 0.00 MD = 0.00 HomeVEE calculated = -0.42 Not statistically significant, p = 0.48

Program and comparison group proportions are less than 0.005. Group differences are very small.

Show outcome measure summary
Outcome measure Outcome measure description Collection method Properties

Burns

Primary diagnosis recorded in Medicaid claims: burns

Medicaid records

Not applicable

Crush injury

Primary diagnosis recorded in Medicaid claims: crush injury

Medicaid records

Not applicable

Dislocations and strains and sprains

Primary diagnosis recorded in Medicaid claims: dislocation and strains and sprains

Medicaid records

Not applicable

Foreign body

Primary diagnosis recorded in Medicaid claims: foreign body

Medicaid records

Not applicable

Fracture lower limb

Primary diagnosis recorded in Medicaid claims: fracture lower limb

Medicaid records

Not applicable

Fracture neck and trunk

Primary diagnosis recorded in Medicaid claims: fracture neck and trunk

Medicaid records

Not applicable

Fracture skull that apart from vault or base

Primary diagnosis recorded in Medicaid claims: fracture skull that apart from vault or base

Medicaid records

Not applicable

Fracture skull vault or base

Primary diagnosis recorded in Medicaid claims: fracture skull vault or base

Medicaid records

Not applicable

Fracture upper limb

Primary diagnosis recorded in Medicaid claims: fracture upper limb

Medicaid records

Not applicable

Internal trauma

Primary diagnosis recorded in Medicaid claims: internal trauma

Medicaid records

Not applicable

Intracranial Injury

Primary diagnosis recorded in Medicaid claims: intracranial injury

Medicaid records

Not applicable

Multiple fractures of limbs

Primary diagnosis recorded in Medicaid claims: multiple fractures of limbs

Medicaid records

Not applicable

Nerve and spinal cord

Primary diagnosis recorded in Medicaid claims: nerve and spinal cord

Medicaid records

Not applicable

Open wounds

Primary diagnosis recorded in Medicaid claims: open wounds

Medicaid records

Not applicable

Poisoning

Primary diagnosis recorded in Medicaid claims: poisoning

Medicaid records

Not applicable

Proportion of infants with at least one injury episode

Primary diagnosis recorded in Medicaid claims: at least one injury

Medicaid records

Not applicable

Superficial injuries and contusion

Primary diagnosis recorded in Medicaid claims: superficial injuries and contusion

Medicaid records

Not applicable

Vascular injury

Primary diagnosis recorded in Medicaid claims: vascular injury

Medicaid records

Not applicable

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