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Pride in Parenting (PIP)

Implementation support is not currently available for the model as reviewed.

In Brief

Last Updated

July 2013


Evidence of Model Effectiveness

This model does not meet the criteria established by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) for an “evidence-based early childhood home visiting service delivery model” for the general population or for tribal populations.


Model Description

The Pride in Parenting (PIP) demonstration program aimed to increase mothers’ use of preventative health care for themselves and their children, and improve the safety of child-rearing environments. It offered one year of services to mothers with newborns who received late or inadequate prenatal care. PIP included home visits in which visitors provided information on parenting, child care, health, and child development. In addition, hospital-based group sessions were offered to expand on those topics. Home visits were offered weekly from birth through 4 months of age. From 5 months to 12 months, the home visits alternated with biweekly group sessions. For more information, please read the Model Overview.


Extent of Evidence

Results of Research and ReviewNumber of Studies
Released from 1979 to 2012 6
Eligible for review 2
     Rated high 0
     Rated moderate 0
     Rated low 2
     Additional sources1 0

1Additional sources overlap with another study and are not rated.

For more information, see the study database. For more information on the criteria used to determine the study ratings, please read Producing Study Ratings.


Summary of Findings

Please read Describing Effects for more information on these categories. Only results from studies that meet the standards for the high or moderate ratings are included above.


Criteria Established by the Department of Health and Human Services

Information Based on Comprehensive Review of All High- and Moderate-Impact Studies for this Model
High- or moderate-quality impact study? No
Across high- or moderate-quality studies, favorable impacts in…
   at least two outcome domains within one sample
   the same domain for at least two non-overlapping samples?
Favorable impacts on full sample? NA
Any favorable impacts on outcome measures sustained at least 12 months after model enrollment?1 NA
One or more favorable, statistically significant impact reported in a peer-reviewed journal?1 NA

NA = not applicable.

1This information is reported for all models, but the requirements for sustained findings and inclusion in a peer-reviewed journal only apply to models for which all findings are from randomized controlled trials.

Please read the HHS Criteria for Evidence-Based Models for more information.