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Philani Outreach Programme

In Brief

Last Updated

July 2014


Evidence of Model Effectiveness

This model does not meet the criteria established by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) for an “evidence-based early childhood home visiting service delivery model” for the general population or for tribal populations.


Model Description

The Philani Outreach Programme is a home visiting program based in South Africa that aims to improve child and maternal nutrition and health and prevent the mother-to-child transmission of HIV. Among those living in South Africa’s informal settlements, the program targets all pregnant women; malnourished children; and children at risk of malnutrition, abuse, neglect or HIV/ AIDS. Outreach workers, also called mentor mothers, conduct the home visits. Outreach workers are from the local communities and have successfully raised well-nourished, healthy children despite living in poverty. They identify and invite eligible families to participate, focusing on health issues, coping skills, and available resources. The outreach workers also refer children who need additional medical attention to the local medical clinics. For more information, please read the Model Overview.


Extent of Evidence

Results of Research and ReviewNumber of Studies
Released from 1979 to 2013 10
Eligible for review 4
     Rated high 0
     Rated moderate 0
     Rated low 3
     Additional sources1 1

1Additional sources overlap with another study and are not rated.

For more information, read the study database. For more information on the criteria used to determine the study ratings, please read Producing Study Ratings.


Summary of Findings

Please read Describing Effects for more information on these categories. Only results from studies that meet the standards for the high or moderate ratings are included above.


Criteria Established by the Department of Health and Human Services

Information Based on Comprehensive Review of All High- and Moderate-Impact Studies for this Model
High- or moderate-quality impact study? No
Across high- or moderate-quality studies, favorable impacts in…
   at least two outcome domains within one sample
   the same domain for at least two non-overlapping samples?
Favorable impacts on full sample? NA
Any favorable impacts on outcome measures sustained at least 12 months after model enrollment?1 NA
One or more favorable, statistically significant impact reported in a peer-reviewed journal?1 NA

NA = not applicable.

1This information is reported for all models, but the requirements for sustained findings and inclusion in a peer-reviewed journal only apply to models for which all findings are from randomized controlled trials.

Please read the HHS Criteria for Evidence-Based Models for more information.