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Family Connections (Birth to Age 5)

In Brief

Last Updated

July 2011


Evidence of Model Effectiveness

This model does not meet the criteria established by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) for an “evidence-based early childhood home visiting service delivery model” for the general population or for tribal populations.


Model Description

Family Connections is designed to improve protective factors such as parenting skills and attitudes and reduce risk factors such as parent depression and child behavioral problems. It is a community-based neglect prevention program targeting at-risk families with children between the ages of 0 and 18. For the purposes of the HomVEE review, only studies of programs targeted to children birth to age 5 were included in the review. The core program components of Family Connections are (1) outreach and engagement, (2) intake and screening, (3) emergency services, (4) comprehensive family assessment, (5) case planning based on goals, (6) home visiting, (7) client advocacy and service facilitation (indirect services), (8) assessing progress on case plans at least every 90 days, and (9) multifamily recreational and supportive activities (optional). Families enrolled in Family Connections receive at least one hour of face-to-face services at least once per week for at least three months. For more information, please read the Model Overview.


Extent of Evidence

Results of Research and ReviewNumber of Studies
Released from 1979 to 2011 15
Eligible for review 0
     Rated high 0
     Rated moderate 0
     Rated low 0
     Additional sources1 0

1Additional sources overlap with another study and are not rated.

For more information, see the study database. For more information on the criteria used to determine the study ratings, please read Producing Study Ratings.


Summary of Findings

Please read Describing Effects for more information on these categories. Only results from studies that meet the standards for the high or moderate ratings are included above.


Criteria Established by the Department of Health and Human Services

Information Based on Comprehensive Review of All High- and Moderate-Impact Studies for this Model
High- or moderate-quality impact study? None eligible for review
Across high- or moderate-quality studies, favorable impacts in…
   at least two outcome domains within one sample
   the same domain for at least two non-overlapping samples?
Favorable impacts on full sample? NA
Any favorable impacts on outcome measures sustained at least 12 months after model enrollment?1 NA
One or more favorable, statistically significant impact reported in a peer-reviewed journal?1 NA

NA = not applicable.

1This information is reported for all models, but the requirements for sustained findings and inclusion in a peer-reviewed journal only apply to models for which all findings are from randomized controlled trials.

Please read the HHS Criteria for Evidence-Based Models for more information.