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Even Start-Home Visiting (Birth to Age 5)

Implementation support is not currently available for the model as reviewed.

In Brief

Last Updated

July 2011


Evidence of Model Effectiveness

This model does not meet the criteria established by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) for an “evidence-based early childhood home visiting service delivery model” for the general population or for tribal populations.


Model Description

Even Start was a federal initiative that offered grants to support local family literacy projects that integrated early childhood education, adult literacy, parenting education, and interactive parent and child literacy activities. The model targeted low-income parents with children from birth through age 7 and parents who were eligible for services under the Adult Education and Family Literacy Act. Even Start programs identified and recruited families most in need of services as indicated by a low level of income, a low level of adult literacy or English language proficiency of the eligible parent or parents, and other need-related indicators. Even Start did not define required model components, but most sites delivered services through a combination of center-based programs, parent groups, and home visits. For the purpose of the HomVEE review, only studies of sites that used home visiting as the primary service delivery method and that included families with children from birth to age 5 were included. For more information, please read the Model Overview.


Extent of Evidence

Results of Research and ReviewNumber of Studies
Released from 1979 to 2011 62
Eligible for review 0
     Rated high 0
     Rated moderate 0
     Rated low 0
     Additional sources1 0

1Additional sources overlap with another study and are not rated.

For more information, see the study database. For more information on the criteria used to determine the study ratings, please read Producing Study Ratings.


Summary of Findings

Please read Describing Effects for more information on these categories. Only results from studies that meet the standards for the high or moderate ratings are included above.


Criteria Established by the Department of Health and Human Services

Information Based on Comprehensive Review of All High- and Moderate-Impact Studies for this Model
High- or moderate-quality impact study? None eligible for review
Across high- or moderate-quality studies, favorable impacts in…
   at least two outcome domains within one sample
   the same domain for at least two non-overlapping samples?
Favorable impacts on full sample? NA
Any favorable impacts on outcome measures sustained at least 12 months after model enrollment?1 NA
One or more favorable, statistically significant impact reported in a peer-reviewed journal?1 NA

NA = not applicable.

1This information is reported for all models, but the requirements for sustained findings and inclusion in a peer-reviewed journal only apply to models for which all findings are from randomized controlled trials.

Please read the HHS Criteria for Evidence-Based Models for more information.