Skip Navigation

Home Visiting Model Effects
(Model names link to the model's detailed report.)

Model Implementation Support Available for Model as Reviewed High or Moderate Quality Impact Study? Favorable Impacts on Primary Outcome Measures 1 Favorable Impacts on Secondary Outcome Measures 1 Favorable Impacts Sustained? 2 Favorable Impacts Replicated? 3 Favorable Impacts Limited to Subgroups? Number of Unfavorable or Ambiguous Impacts 4 Meets HHS Criteria for Evidence-Based
Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-Up (ABC) Intervention Yes Yes 6 0 Yes Yes No 0 Yes
Child First Yes Yes 16 12 Yes Yes No 0 Yes
Child Parent Enrichment Project (CPEP) Yes Yes 1 1 No Yes No 0 No
Childhood Asthma Prevention Study (CAPS) Yes Yes 3 0 Yes No No 0 No
Computer-Assisted Motivational Intervention (CAMI) Yes Yes 0 0 NA No NA 0 No
Early Head Start–Home-Based Option (EHS-HBO) Yes Yes 5 33 Yes Yes No 2 Yes
Early Intervention Program for Adolescent Mothers Yes Yes 8 2 Yes Yes No 1 Yes
Early Start (New Zealand) Yes Yes 8 3 Yes Yes No 0 Yes
Even Start-Home Visiting (Birth to Age 5) No No eligible studies No eligible studies No eligible studies NA NA NA No eligible studies No
Family Check-Up® For Children Yes Yes 22 13 Yes Yes No 1 Yes
Family Connections (Birth to Age 5) Yes No eligible studies No eligible studies No eligible studies NA NA NA No eligible studies No
Family Connects Yes Yes 6 6 Yes Yes No 0 Yes
Family Spirit® Yes Yes 12 10 Yes Yes No 0 Yes
Following Baby Back Home (FBBH) Yes No NA NA NA NA NA NA No
Health Access Nurturing Development Services (HANDS) Program Yes Yes 16 0 Yes Yes No 1 Yes
HealthConnect One's® Community-Based Doula Program Yes No NA NA NA NA NA NA No
Healthy Beginnings Yes Yes 1 22 Yes Yes No 0 Yes
Healthy Families America (HFA)® Yes Yes 17 36 Yes Yes No 5 Yes
Healthy Steps (National Evaluation 1996 Protocol) No Yes 2 3 Yes Yes No 0 Yes
Home Instruction for Parents of Preschool Youngsters (HIPPY)® Yes Yes 4 4 Yes Yes No 0 Yes
Home-Start Yes Yes 0 0 NA No NA 0 No
HOMEBUILDERS (Birth to Age 5)® Yes No eligible studies No eligible studies No eligible studies NA NA NA No eligible studies No
Maternal Early Childhood Sustained Home-Visiting Program (MECSH) Yes Yes 1 3 Yes Yes No 0 Yes
Maternal Infant Health Outreach Worker (MIHOW)® Yes Yes 6 27 No Yes No 5 No
Minding the Baby® Yes Yes 2 0 Yes Yes No 0 Yes
MOM Program Yes Yes 0 4 Yes No No 0 No
Mothers’ Advocates in the Community (MOSAIC) Yes No NA NA NA NA NA NA No
North Carolina Baby Love Maternal Outreach Workers Program No No NA NA NA NA NA NA No
Nurse-Family Partnership (NFP)® Yes Yes 35 51 Yes Yes No 7 Yes
Nurses for Newborns® Yes No NA NA NA NA NA NA No
Nurturing Parenting Programs (Birth to Age 5) Yes No NA NA NA NA NA NA No
Oklahoma’s Community-Based Family Resource and Support (CBFRS) Program No Yes 2 3 Yes Yes No 0 Yes
Parent-Child Assistance Program (PCAP) Yes No NA NA NA NA NA NA No
Parent-Child Home Program Yes Yes 1 0 Yes No No 0 No
Parents as Teachers (PAT)® Yes Yes 12 0 Yes Yes No 7 Yes
Philani Outreach Programme Yes No NA NA NA NA NA NA No
Play and Learning Strategies (PALS) Infant5 Yes Yes 12 0 Yes Yes No 1 Yes
Pride in Parenting (PIP) No No NA NA NA NA NA NA No
Promoting First Relationships® Yes No NA NA NA NA NA NA No
Resource Mothers Program No No NA NA NA NA NA NA No
Resources, Education, and Care in the Home (REACH) Yes Yes 0 1 No No No 0 No
REST Routine No Yes 0 2 No No No 0 No
SafeCare Augmented6 Yes Yes 1 1 Yes Yes No 1 Yes
Seattle-King County Healthy Homes Project Yes No eligible studies No eligible studies No eligible studies NA NA NA No eligible studies No
Triple P-Positive Parenting Program®-Home Visiting (Triple P-Home Visiting) Yes No NA NA NA No

1 In the full sample only. Primary measures were defined as outcomes measured through direct observation, direct assessment, administrative data, or self-report data collected using a standardized (normed) instrument. Secondary measures included other self-report measures.

2 Yes if favorable impacts were sustained longer than one year post program inception.

3 Yes if favorable impacts (whether sustained or not) were observed in the same outcome domain for at least two non-overlapping samples across high or moderate quality studies.

4This number includes unfavorable or ambiguous impacts on both primary and secondary measures in the full sample. An unfavorable or ambiguous impact is a statistically significant impact on an outcome measure in a direction that may indicate potential harm to children and/or parents. Unfavorable or ambiguous findings should be interpreted with caution because there is subjectivity involved interpreting some outcomes. Readers are encouraged to use the HomVEE website, specifically the reports by model and by outcome domain, to obtain more detail about these findings. Please read Describing Effects for more information on unfavorable or ambiguous impacts.

5Only PALS Infant met the HHS criteria for an evidence-based model; PALS Toddler and PALS Infant + Toddler did not.

6SafeCare did not meet HHS criteria for an evidence-based model. Only SafeCare Augmented (an adaptation of SafeCare) meets HHS criteria for an evidence-based model. In addition, Planned Activities Training (a SafeCare module) and Cellular Phone Enhanced Planned Activities Training (a SafeCare module with an add-on) showed evidence of effectiveness. See the model page for more details on the module and module with an add-on.