Skip Navigation

Healthy Beginnings

Meets HHS criteria for an evidenced based model

Last Updated: June 2015

Effects Shown in Research & Outcome Measure Details for Child Health Outcomes

Impact Studies Rated Moderate


Wen, L. M., Baur, L. A., Simpson, J. M., Rissel, C., & Flood, V. M. (2011). Effectiveness of an early intervention on infant feeding practices and "tummy time": A randomized controlled trial. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 165(8), 701-707.
Show Study Effects Details
About this Table
Outcome Effect Sample Timing of Follow-Up Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Mean Difference or Odds Ratio
?
Statistical Significance
?
Effect Size
?
Outcome Type
?
Breastfeeding (yes/no)-Chi-square 12 months Favorable Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 12 months 527 mothers Unadjusted mean = 0.21 Unadjusted mean = 0.15 MD = 0.06 Statistically significant,
p < 0.05
HomVEE = 0.25 Secondary
Breastfeeding (yes/no)-Chi-square 6 months Favorable Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 6 months 561 mothers Unadjusted mean = 0.42 Unadjusted mean = 0.32 MD = 0.10 Not statistically significant,
p = <0.05
HomVEE = 0.26 Secondary
Breastfeeding duration (weeks)-12 months Favorable Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 12 months 527 mothers Unadjusted mean = 0.17 Unadjusted mean = 0.13 MD = 0.04 Statistically significant,
p = 0.03
Not available Secondary
Breastfeeding exclusive (yes/no)-6 months No Effect Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 6 months 561 mothers Unadjusted mean = 0.04 Unadjusted mean = 0.02 MD = 0.02 Not statistically significant,
p = 0.14
HomVEE = 0.45 Secondary
Introduction of solids (4 months or younger)1 Favorable Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 6 months 561 mothers Unadjusted mean = 0.18 Unadjusted mean = 0.26 MD = -0.08 Statistically significant,
p = 0.00
HomVEE = -0.30 Secondary
Introduction of solids (5 months)1 Favorable Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 6 months 561 mothers Unadjusted mean = 0.44 Unadjusted mean = 0.48 MD = -0.04 Statistically significant,
p = 0.00
HomVEE = -0.10 Secondary
Introduction of solids (6 months) Favorable Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 6 months 561 mothers Unadjusted mean = 0.39 Unadjusted mean = 0.26 MD = 0.13 Statistically significant,
p = 0.00
HomVEE = 0.35 Secondary
Introduction of solids (before 6 months)1 Favorable Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 6 months 561 mothers Unadjusted mean = 0.62 Unadjusted mean = 0.74 MD = -0.12 Statistically significant,
p = 0.00
HomVEE = -0.34 Secondary

1 Authors indicated that negative effect favors the treatment group.

Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
About This Table
Outcome Description of Measure Data Collection Method Properties of the Outcome Measure Outcome Type
?
Breastfeeding (yes/no)-Chi-square 12 months Percentage of mothers who were breastfeeding 12 months after the child's birth Mother report Not applicable Secondary
Breastfeeding (yes/no)-Chi-square 6 months Percentage of mothers who were breastfeeding 6 months after the child's birth Mother report Not applicable Secondary
Breastfeeding duration (weeks)-12 months The number of weeks the mother breastfed her child Mother report Not applicable Secondary
Breastfeeding exclusive (yes/no)-6 months Whether the mother was exclusively breastfeeding (no other liquids or solid foods) at 6 months Mother report Not applicable Secondary
Introduction of solids (4 months or younger) The percentage of mothers who introduced solid foods when the child was 4 months or younger Mother report Not applicable Secondary
Introduction of solids (5 months) The percentage of mothers who introduced solid foods when the child was 5 months old Mother report Not applicable Secondary
Introduction of solids (6 months) The percentage of mothers who introduced solid foods when the child was 6 months old Mother report Not applicable Secondary
Introduction of solids (before 6 months) The percentage of mothers who introduced solid foods prior to child turning 6 months of age Mother report Not applicable Secondary

Wen, L. M., Baur, L. A., Simpson, J. M., Rissel, C., Wardle, K., & Flood, V. M. (2012). Effectiveness of home based early intervention on children's BMI at age 2: Randomised controlled trial. BMJ, 344, e3732.
Show Study Effects Details
About this Table
Outcome Effect Sample Timing of Follow-Up Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Mean Difference or Odds Ratio
?
Statistical Significance
?
Effect Size
?
Outcome Type
?
BMI-Complete Case Analysis1 Favorable Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 24 months 483 children Unadjusted mean = 16.49 Unadjusted mean = 16.87 MD = -0.38 Statistically significant,
p = 0.01
HomVEE = -0.22 Primary
Child drink soft drink-Complete Case Analysis No Effect Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 24 months 495 children Unadjusted mean = 0.24 Unadjusted mean = 0.26 MD = -0.03 Not statistically significant,
p = 0.48
HomVEE = -0.09 Secondary
Child eat french fries-Complete Case Analysis No Effect Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 24 months 496 children Unadjusted mean = 0.86 Unadjusted mean = 0.88 MD = -0.02 Not statistically significant,
p = 0.65
HomVEE = -0.09 Secondary
Child eat salty snack-Complete Case Analysis No Effect Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 24 months 496 children Unadjusted mean = 0.65 Unadjusted mean = 0.70 MD = -0.04 Not statistically significant,
p = 0.29
HomVEE = -0.12 Secondary
Child eat sweet snack everyday-Complete Case Analysis No Effect Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 24 months 497 children Unadjusted mean = 0.73 Unadjusted mean = 0.77 MD = -0.04 Not statistically significant,
p = 0.31
HomVEE = -0.13 Secondary
Child fruit >= 1 serving/day-Complete Case Analysis No Effect Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 24 months 497 children Unadjusted mean = 0.90 Unadjusted mean = 0.93 MD = -0.02 Not statistically significant,
p = 0.43
HomVEE = -0.18 Secondary
Child outdoor play >=120 minutes/day-Complete Case Analysis No Effect Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 24 months 484 children Unadjusted mean = 0.62 Unadjusted mean = 0.61 MD = 0.01 Not statistically significant,
p = 0.90
HomVEE = 0.01 Secondary
Child vegetable >= 1 serving/day-Complete Case Analysis Favorable Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 24 months 497 children Unadjusted mean = 0.89 Unadjusted mean = 0.83 MD = 0.07 Statistically significant,
p = 0.03
HomVEE = 0.35 Secondary
Child water >3 cups/day-Complete Case Analysis No Effect Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 24 months 496 children Unadjusted mean = 0.24 Unadjusted mean = 0.19 MD = 0.06 Not statistically significant,
p = 0.12
HomVEE = 0.21 Secondary
Length-Complete Case Analysis No Effect Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 24 months 483 children Unadjusted mean = 88.73 Unadjusted mean = 88.42 MD = 0.31 Not statistically significant,
p = 0.35
Not available Primary
Weight-Complete Case Analysis No Effect Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 24 months 483 children Unadjusted mean = 12.98 Unadjusted mean = 13.15 MD = -0.17 Not statistically significant,
p = 0.24
Not available Primary

1 Authors indicated that negative effect favors the treatment group.

Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
About This Table
Outcome Description of Measure Data Collection Method Properties of the Outcome Measure Outcome Type
?
BMI-Complete Case Analysis Body Mass Index based on direct measures of height and weight Direct Measurement Not applicable Primary
Child drink soft drink-Complete Case Analysis Percentage of children who drink soft drinks Mother report Not applicable Secondary
Child eat french fries-Complete Case Analysis Percentage of children who ate french fries Mother report Not applicable Secondary
Child eat salty snack-Complete Case Analysis Percentage of children who eat salty snacks Mother report Not applicable Secondary
Child eat sweet snack everyday-Complete Case Analysis Percentage of children who eat sweet snacks Mother report Not applicable Secondary
Child fruit >= 1 serving/day-Complete Case Analysis Percentage of children consuming one or more servings of fruit a day Mother report Not applicable Secondary
Child outdoor play >=120 minutes/day-Complete Case Analysis Percentage of children who played outside for 120 minutes or more per day Mother report Not applicable Secondary
Child vegetable >= 1 serving/day-Complete Case Analysis Percentage of children consuming one or more servings of vegetable a day Mother report Not applicable Secondary
Child water >3 cups/day-Complete Case Analysis Percentage of children drinking more than 3 cups of water per day Mother report Not applicable Secondary
Length-Complete Case Analysis Child length (cm) Direct Measurement Not applicable Primary
Weight-Complete Case Analysis Child weight (kg) Direct Measurement Not applicable Primary
Top