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Early Start (New Zealand)

Meets HHS criteria for an evidenced based model

Last Updated: July 2014

Effects Shown in Research & Outcome Measure Details for Reductions in Child Maltreatment Outcomes

Impact Studies Rated Moderate


Fergusson, D. M., Horwood, L. J., Grant, H., & Ridder, E. M. (2005). Early start evaluation report. Christchurch, NZ: Early Start Project Ltd.
Additional Sources:

Fergusson, D. M., Grant, H., Horwood, L. J., & Ridder, E. M. (2005). Randomized trial of the Early Start program of home visitation. Pediatrics, 116(6), e803-e809.

Fergusson, D. M., Grant, H., Horwood, L. J., & Ridder, E. M. (2006). Randomized trial of the Early Start program of home visitation: Parent and family outcomes. Pediatrics, 117(3), 781-786. doi:10.1542/peds.2005-1517

Results for full sample
Show Study Effects Details
About this Table
Outcome Effect Sample Timing of Follow-Up Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Mean Difference or Odds Ratio
?
Statistical Significance
?
Effect Size
?
Outcome Type
?
Percent attended hospital for accident/injury or accidental poisoning Favorable Christchurch sample 36 months 382 children 17.5% 26.3% -8.81 Statistically significant, p < 0.05 Study-reported = 0.22 Primary
Percent parental report of agency contact for abuse/neglect No Effect Christchurch sample 36 months 388 families 19.6% 21.3% -1.71 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Study-reported = 0.04 Secondary
Percent severe/very severe physical assault by any parent (Conflict Tactics Scale) Favorable Christchurch sample 36 months 388 families 4.4% 11.7% -7.31 Statistically significant, p < 0.05 Study-reported = 0.26 Secondary

1 High score equals unfavorable.

Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
About This Table
Outcome Description of Measure Data Collection Method Properties of the Outcome Measure Outcome Type
?
Percent attended hospital for accident/injury or accidental poisoning The percentage of children who attended the hospital for accidents/injuries or accidental poisonings within the past 36 months Review of medical records Not applicable Primary
Percent parental report of agency contact for abuse/neglect Percentage of parental reports of agency contact for issues relating to child abuse and neglect within the past 36 months Parent/caregiver report Not applicable Secondary
Percent severe/very severe physical assault by any parent (Conflict Tactics Scale) The Severe/Very Severe assault subscales of the Parent-Child Conflict Tactics Scale was used to assess child abuse/neglect. Parent/caregiver report Not reported by author. Primary
Results for Māori subgroup
Show Study Effects Details
About this Table
Outcome Effect Sample Timing of Follow-Up Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Mean Difference or Odds Ratio
?
Statistical Significance
?
Effect Size
?
Outcome Type
?
Percent attended hospital for accident/injury or accidental poisoning No Effect Tribal/Māori sample 36 months 151 families 0.25 0.267 MD = -1.71 Not statistically significant,
p > 0.05
HomVEE = -.05 Primary
Percent severe/very severe physical assault by any parent (Conflict Tactics Scale) Favorable Tribal/Māori sample 36 months 151 families 0.026 0.12 MD = -9.41 Statistically significant,
p = 0.00
HomVEE = -.98 Secondary

1 Negative value is favorable to the intervention.

Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
About This Table
Outcome Description of Measure Data Collection Method Properties of the Outcome Measure Outcome Type
?
Percent attended hospital for accident/injury or accidental poisoning The percentage of children who attended the hospital for accident/injury or accidental poisoning Parent/caregiver report Not applicable Primary
Percent severe/very severe physical assault by any parent (Conflict Tactics Scale) The Severe/Very Severe assault subscales of the Parent-Child Conflict Tactics Scale was used to assess child abuse/neglect. Parent/caregiver report Not reported by author. Primary
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