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Study Detail

Sanders, M. R., & Dadds, M. R. (1982). The effects of planned activities and child management procedures in parent training: An analysis of setting generality. Behavior Therapy, 13, 452-461.

Program(s) Reviewed: Triple P-Home Visiting: Child Management Training Component

Study Screening Details

Screening DecisionScreening Conclusion
Study Passes ScreensEligible for Review

Study Design Details

RatingDesignAttritionBaseline EquivalenceReassignmentConfounding Factors
ModerateSingle-case design (multiple baseline) that has at least 3 attempts to demonstrate an effect at 3 different points in timeNot applicableNot applicableNot applicableNot applicable
Notes:

The HomVEE review focuses on the Child Management Training component, which was the only one adjacent to a phase that included no Triple P components. The other phases were not reviewed for impacts.

The results from single-case design studies with a high or moderate rating are not factored into whether a model meets the DHHS criteria unless additional criteria are met. Please read the DHHS criteria for evidence-based program models for more information.

Study Characteristics

Study Participants

Participants included five families in which parents had difficulty managing a preschool-age child. All families were Caucasian. In four families, both the mother and father participated in the program. In the fifth family, a single mother participated. Target children were male and were 4 years old, on average.

Setting NA
Home Visiting Services

There were two components of this parent training program: Child Management Training (CMT) and Planned Activities Training (PAT). The CMT component was reviewed for impacts, but the PAT component was not.

During CMT, therapists met with each family in the home to instruct parents in behavior management procedures to use when their children engaged in deviant behaviors such as demanding, aggression, tantrums, interrupting, and whining. Through verbal instruction and role play, the therapists taught parents to use the following behavior correction procedure: (1) get the child’s attention; (2) calmly explain what the child has done wrong; (3) describe the correct behavior and prompt the child; (4) prompt the child again if needed; (5) praise the child if he or she behaves correctly; and (6) if the child continues to behave incorrectly, deliver a firm instruction describing the incorrect behavior and use a response cost contingency (for example, removal of a toy accompanied by an explanation).

After this instructional visit, independent observers visited the home or the generalization setting (community locations such as day care centers, shops, or friends’ houses) about three times per week during times that parents reported child behavior problems were most common, and recorded behaviors that they reported back to the therapist.

Therapists then conducted twice-weekly, 10-minute feedback sessions following observations in the training setting on the parents’ use and accuracy of behavior management skills procedures, based on observers’ reports. The therapist also provided parents with written feedback on the percentage of the time the observer recorded appropriate child behavior, parents’ use of praise statements and instruction, and parents’ fidelity to procedures.

Comparison Condition Within the multiple baseline format, baseline observations were conducted in the family home and generalization settings.
Staff Characteristics and Training The authors and three psychologists served as the therapists.
Funding Source The study was supported by a grant from the University of Queensland’s Mayne Bequest Fund (No. 578862 R Psychiatry MBF).
Author Affiliation The first author is the developer of this program model.

Study Registration

Clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: None found

Study registration was assessed by HomVEE beginning with the 2014 review.

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