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Study Detail

Necoechea, D. M. (2007). Children at-risk for poor school readiness: The effect of an early intervention home visiting program on children and parents. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences, 68 (6-A), 2311.  (Dissertation Abstract: 2007-99230-512)

Program(s) Reviewed: Home Instruction for Parents of Preschool Youngsters (HIPPY)®

Study Screening Details

Screening DecisionScreening Conclusion
Study Passes ScreensEligible for Review

Study Design Details

RatingDesignAttritionBaseline EquivalenceReassignmentConfounding Factors
HighRandomized controlled trialLowEstablished on SES, country of origin, and all outcomes. There was a statistically significant difference between groups on mother’s education, number of children younger than age 5 in the home, and number of adults in the home. The study accounted for these differences.NoneNone

Study Characteristics

Study Participants Fifty-two mother-child dyads were recruited from state-run preschool sites and community centers in the southeastern region of San Diego between July and September 2005. All mothers were Mexican American, 98% were Spanish speaking, and 92% were immigrants. Most mothers were married, had resided in the United States for an average of 12 years, had limited educational backgrounds, and reported annual incomes of $10,000 - $20,000. Half of the group was randomly selected to receive HIPPY services. One participant from the comparison group was unavailable for post-test assessment and was dropped from the analytic sample.
Setting The study was conducted in San Diego, CA, which is a large urban area.
Home Visiting Services The program group used the Spanish version of the HIPPY curriculum. Although the recommended duration is 30 weeks, and program families received treatment for the full 30 weeks, the outcomes were assessed at 15 weeks. At the 15-week point, program participants had received seven 30- to 60-minute home visits and attended eight 2- to 3-hour group meetings.
Comparison Condition Comparison families did not receive any of the HIPPY services, but were given priority to receive services in the following year in return for their participation in the study. Both groups also received a small stipend.
Staff Characteristics and Training Program participants were visited by paraprofessionals with a high school diploma/ GED who were from a similar demographic background. The home visitors were trained by HIPPY staff and were supervised by a coordinator with an advanced degree and experience in social work and/or early childhood education.
Funding Source Funder(s) not listed.
Author Affiliation None of the study authors are developers of this program model.

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