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Early Intervention Program for Adolescent Mothers

Meets DHHS criteria for an evidenced based model

Model Overview

Last Updated

April 2013


Theoretical Model

EIP is designed to help young mothers gain social competence and achieve program objectives by teaching self-management skills, techniques for coping with stress and depression, and skills to communicate effectively with partners, family, peers, and social agencies.


Model Components

Nurse home visitors deliver EIP services using a case management approach. During home visits, nurse home visitors cover five main content areas: health, sexuality and family planning, maternal role, life skills, and social support.

Prenatal visits focus on use of prenatal health care, preparation for childbirth, and self-care during pregnancy. In addition, nurse home visitors conduct four classes focusing on the transition to motherhood, fetal development, parent-child communication, and maternal health.

During the postpartum visits, nurse home visitors provide mothers with information on family planning; infant care and development; well-baby health care; education attainment; substance use; mental health issues, such as handling emotions; and referrals for mental health counseling, family planning, and child care. For example, EIP addresses the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (such as HIV/AIDs), contraceptive options, school readiness preparations (such as reading to children), and prevention of lead poisoning. Nurse home visitors also help mothers improve communication skills and learn how to assess their infants’ needs, respond to infant distress, and interact reciprocally with their infants. To help mothers improve their infant interaction and nurturing skills, nurse home visitors use videotherapy, in which they videotape a mother interacting with her infant and subsequently soliciting the mother’s opinion about the quality of the interaction.


Target Population

EIP targets pregnant adolescents from underserved minority groups who are referred to the county health department or another health services agency for nursing care. Women are eligible for EIP if they are 14 to 19 years old; at 26 weeks gestation or less; pregnant with their first child; and planning to keep the infant. Expectant mothers who are chemically dependent or have serious medical or obstetric problems are ineligible. Although EIP initially targeted adolescents, young mothers out of adolescence also may benefit from the program.


Where to Find Out More

Deborah Koniak-Griffin, EdD, RNC, FAAN
University of California at Los Angeles, School of Nursing
Box 956919
Los Angeles, CA 90095
Phone: (310) 206-3842

Inese Verzemnieks, PhD, RN
University of California at Los Angeles, School of Nursing
5-637 Factor Building
700 Tiverton Avenue
Los Angeles, CA 90095-6919
Phone: (310) 206-9165