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Implementing Parents as Teachers (PAT)®

Meets DHHS criteria for an evidenced based model

Prerequisites for Implementation

Last Updated

April 2017


Type of Implementing Agency

PAT affiliates frequently are embedded within an existing organization or program, such as Title I school districts, county health departments, Family Resource Centers, and other state and nonprofit agencies.


Staffing Requirements

PAT programs have two primary staff positions: (1) parent educators who provide home visiting services and (2) their supervisors.

The PAT program also recommends that the affiliate identify staff to serve as the data entry specialist and to provide administrative support to the parent educators and supervisors.


Staff Education and Experience

The PAT program requires that, at a minimum, parent educators have a high school diploma or general equivalency degree (GED) and at least two years’ previous supervised work experience with young children and/or parents. The PAT program prefers for parent educators to have at least a four-year degree in early childhood education or a related field, or at least a two-year degree, or 60 college hours in early childhood or a related field.


Supervision Requirements

The PAT program requires that, each month, full-time parent educators participate in a minimum of two hours of individual reflective supervision and a minimum of two hours of staff meetings.


Staff Ratio Requirements

The PAT program requires that a supervisor be assigned not more than 12 parent educators to supervise, regardless of whether the parent educators are full-time or part-time employees.

The PAT program also requires that full-time parent educators complete no more than 60 visits per month, with new parent educators (those working for PAT less than one year) conducting no more than 48 visits per month. These maximums per month apply when parent educators do not have all of the typical responsibilities outlined above (for example, the program has additional staff dedicated solely to group connections), when there is minimal or no travel to visits (for example, conducting visits with families within an apartment building), or when there is not a significant data collection burden. Fifty visits per month is the optimal number to be completed by full-time parent educators in their second year or beyond, and 40 visits per month is the optimal number to be completed by full-time parent educators in their first year.

The guidelines for monthly visit completion are based on several factors:

  • The optimal number of visits per month allows 2.5 hours on average to plan/prepare, travel, conduct the visit, and complete the personal visit record. This leaves time for the other responsibilities of a parent educator. Specifically, parent educators have time allocated for other responsibilities such as recruitment activities, implementation of retention strategies, dedicated time for making up cancelled and missed visits, resource network facilitation and follow-up, and participation in supervision sessions and staff meetings.
  • Parent educators have time allocated for planning, organizing, and participating in group connections.


Data Systems/Technology Requirements

The PAT National Center has developed and offers a data management system that PAT affiliates may use. Affiliates are not required to use the PAT system, but affiliates should use a data-tracking or management information system.



The information contained on this page was last updated in April 2017. PAT-/16/7#DeveloperRef">Recommended Further Reading lists the sources for this information. In addition, the information contained in this profile was reviewed for accuracy by the PAT National Center on January 18, 2017. HomVEE reserves the right to edit the profile for clarity and consistency.