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Implementing Childhood Asthma Prevention Study (CAPS)

Program Model Overview

Last Updated

May 2014

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The information in this profile reflects feedback from this model’s developer as of the above date. The description of the implementation of the model here, including any adaptations, may differ from how it was implemented in the studies reviewed to determine this model’s evidence of effectiveness. Inclusion in the implementation report does not mean the practices described meet the DHHS criteria for evidence of effectiveness.

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Implementation Support

The Childhood Asthma Prevention Study (CAPS) was designed and implemented by staff from National Jewish Health (formerly the National Jewish Medical and Research Center).

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Theoretical Model

There are no definitive risk factors for the development of childhood asthma. Therefore, many asthma-related primary prevention programs target children whose parents have asthma. As children with asthmatic parents represent only a small proportion of the total population of children with asthma, CAPS aimed to intervene with a broader range of children at risk of developing asthma, namely young children who had experienced wheezing episodes. In addition to the standard allergen-reduction efforts undertaken in other programs, the CAPS model also targeted the psychosocial factors that might affect successful illness management, such as parental knowledge of health promotion activities and caregiver mental health issues.

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Target Population

CAPS served young children living in low-income households, who were between 9 and 24 months and had at least three wheezing episodes that had been brought to the attention of a physician.

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Targeted Outcomes

The intervention was designed to reduce children's wheezing-related morbidity by reducing household allergens and increasing caregiver illness-management capabilities.

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Program Model Components

CAPS provided home-based services that addressed allergen and environmental tobacco smoke reduction, illness management, parent-child relationships, and caregiver mental health. The home visitors guided and supported caregivers' efforts to achieve health promotion goals through education, problem solving, and referrals for additional services.

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Program Model Intensity and Length

The intervention consisted of 18 home visits delivered over the course of a year. No information is available on the length of the visits.

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Location

The project was implemented in the Denver, Colorado, metropolitan area.

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Adaptations and Enhancements

No information is available.

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Notes

The information contained on this page was last updated in May 2014. In addition, the information contained in this profile was reviewed for accuracy by Dr. Mary D. Klinnert at National Jewish Health on May 2, 2014. HomVEE reserves the right to edit the profile for clarity and consistency.  

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