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Triple P-Positive Parenting Program®-Home Visiting (Triple P-Home Visiting)

Last Updated: July 2014

Effects Shown in Research & Outcome Measure Details for Child Development and School Readiness Outcomes

Impact Studies Rated High


Dadds, M. R., Sanders, M. R., & James, J. E. (1987). The generalization of treatment effects in parent training with multidistressed parents. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 15(04), 289-313.
Results for Triple P-Home Visiting: Child Management Training Component
Show Study Effects Details
Outcome Effect Sample Timing of Follow-Up Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Mean Difference or Odds Ratio
Statistical Significance
Effect Size
Outcome Type
Deviant Child Behavior -% of intervals - Generalization Setting No Effect Queensland, 1987 1-3 weeks 6 families Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable1 Not applicable Not applicable Primary

1 Results for families 2-6

Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
Outcome Description of Measure Data Collection Method Properties of the Outcome Measure Outcome Type
Deviant Child Behavior -% of intervals - Generalization Setting Percentage of 25-second intervals in which an observer identified a deviant child behavior such as non-compliance, complaint, aversive mands, physical aggression, opposition, or non-interaction. Pair of independent observers in the community Interobserver agreement range: 87.5%-97.8% Primary
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Impact Studies Rated Moderate


Dadds, M. R., Sanders, M. R., & James, J. E. (1987). The generalization of treatment effects in parent training with multidistressed parents. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 15(04), 289-313.
Results for Triple P-Home Visiting: Child Management Training Component
Show Study Effects Details
Outcome Effect Sample Timing of Follow-Up Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Mean Difference or Odds Ratio
Statistical Significance
Effect Size
Outcome Type
Deviant Child Behavior -% of intervals - Training Setting No Effect Queensland, 1987 1-3 weeks 5 families Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable1 Not applicable Not applicable Primary

1 Results for families 2-6

Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
Outcome Description of Measure Data Collection Method Properties of the Outcome Measure Outcome Type
Deviant Child Behavior -% of intervals - Training Setting Percentage of 25-second intervals in which an observer identified a deviant child behavior such as non-compliance, complaint, aversive mands, physical aggression, opposition, or non-interaction. Pair of independent observers in the family home Interobserver agreement range: 87.5%-97.8% Primary

Sanders, M. R. & Glynn, T. (1981). Training parents in behavioral self-management: An analysis of generalization and maintenance. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 14(3), 223-223.
Results for Triple P-Home Visiting: Child Management Training Component
Show Study Effects Details
Outcome Effect Sample Timing of Follow-Up Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Mean Difference or Odds Ratio
Statistical Significance
Effect Size
Outcome Type
Disruptive Child Behavior - Generalization Setting No Effect Metropolitan Auckland, 1981 2-6 weeks 5 children Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable1 Not applicable Not applicable Primary
Disruptive Child Behavior - Training Setting Favorable Metropolitan Auckland, 1981 2-6 weeks 5 children Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable1 Not applicable Not applicable Primary

1 Effect of baseline vs. Instructions + Feedback conditions only

Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
Outcome Description of Measure Data Collection Method Properties of the Outcome Measure Outcome Type
Disruptive Child Behavior - Generalization Setting Percentage of 25-second intervals in which an observer identified a deviant child behavior such as non-compliance, complaint, aversive mands, physical aggression, opposition, or non-interaction. Pair of independent observers in the community Interobserver agreement: 89.5% Primary
Disruptive Child Behavior - Training Setting Percentage of 25-second intervals in which an observer identified a deviant child behavior such as non-compliance, complaint, aversive mands, physical aggression, opposition, or non-interaction. Pair of independent observers in the family home Interobserver agreement: 79.3% Primary

Sanders, M. R., & Dadds, M. R. (1982). The effects of planned activities and child management procedures in parent training: An analysis of setting generality. Behavior Therapy, 13, 452-461.
Results for Triple P-Home Visiting: Child Management Training Component
Show Study Effects Details
Outcome Effect Sample Timing of Follow-Up Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Mean Difference or Odds Ratio
Statistical Significance
Effect Size
Outcome Type
Deviant Child Behavior - Generalization Setting No Effect Australia, 1982 1-3 weeks 5 children Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable1 Not applicable Not applicable Primary

1 Effect of baseline vs. Child Management Training conditions only

Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
Outcome Description of Measure Data Collection Method Properties of the Outcome Measure Outcome Type
Deviant Child Behavior - Generalization Setting Percentage of 25-second intervals in which an observer identified a deviant child behavior such as non-compliance, complaint, aversive mands, physical aggression, opposition, or non-interaction. Pair of independent observers in the community Interobserver agreement range: 95.3%-98.7% Primary

Sanders, M. R., & Plant, K. (1989). Programming for generalization to high and low risk parenting situations in families with oppositional developmentally disabled preschoolers. Behavior Modification, 13(3), 283-305.
Results for Triple P-Home Visiting: Child Management Training Component
Show Study Effects Details
Outcome Effect Sample Timing of Follow-Up Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Mean Difference or Odds Ratio
Statistical Significance
Effect Size
Outcome Type
Deviant Child Behaviors - percent of observed intervals - High Risk Generalization setting No Effect Queensland 1989 2-8 weeks 3 children Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Primary
Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
Outcome Description of Measure Data Collection Method Properties of the Outcome Measure Outcome Type
Deviant Child Behaviors - percent of observed intervals - High Risk Generalization setting Percentage of 25-second intervals in which an observer identified a deviant child behavior such as non-compliance, complaint, aversive mands, physical aggression, opposition, or non-interaction. Pair of independent observers in the family home Interobserver agreement = 97.3% Primary

Shapiro, C., Kilburn, J., & Hardin, J. Prevention of behavior problems in a selected population: Stepping Stones Triple P for parents of young children with disabilities. Unpublished manuscript.
Results for Triple P-Home Visiting: Stepping Stones
Show Study Effects Details
Outcome Effect Sample Timing of Follow-Up Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Mean Difference or Odds Ratio
Statistical Significance
Effect Size
Outcome Type
Child Behavior Checklist(CBCL)- externalizing No Effect SSTP RCT -Study 2 5 months Taken from CONSORT diagram - analytic sample sizes not reported Adjusted mean = 52.42 Adjusted mean = 54.80 MD = -2.381 Not statistically significant,
p = 0.41
HomVEE = -0.21 Secondary
Child Behavior Checklist(CBCL)- internalizing No Effect SSTP RCT -Study 2 5 months Taken from CONSORT diagram - analytic sample sizes not reported Adjusted mean = 48.16 Adjusted mean = 51.25 MD = -3.091 Not statistically significant,
p = 0.27
HomVEE = -0.32 Secondary
Child Behavior Checklist(CBCL)- total problems No Effect SSTP RCT -Study 2 5 months Taken from CONSORT diagram - analytic sample sizes not reported Adjusted mean = 51.42 Adjusted mean = 54.90 MD = -3.481 Not statistically significant,
p = 0.37
HomVEE = -0.31 Secondary

1 Negative favors intervention

Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
Outcome Description of Measure Data Collection Method Properties of the Outcome Measure Outcome Type
Child Behavior Checklist(CBCL)- externalizing Subscale of the 99-item Child Behavior Checklist Parent report Test-retest reliability for entire scale = 0.85 Secondary
Child Behavior Checklist(CBCL)- internalizing Subscale of the 99-item Child Behavior Checklist Parent report Test-retest reliability for entire scale = 0.85 Secondary
Child Behavior Checklist(CBCL)- total problems 99-item Child Behavior Checklist Parent report Test-retest reliability for entire scale = 0.85 Secondary
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