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REST Routine

Last Updated: October 2012

In Brief for Maternal Health Outcomes

Impact Studies Rated High


Keefe, M. R., Karlsen, K. A., Lobo, M. L., Kotzer, A. M., & Dudley, W. N. (2006). Reducing parenting stress in families with irritable infants. Nursing Research, 55(3), 198-205.
Show Study Effects Details
Outcome Effect Sample Timing of Follow-Up Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Mean Difference or Odds Ratio
Statistical Significance
Effect Size
Outcome Type
Parenting Stress Index-Short Form No Effect Full sample 4 weeks 121 mother-child pairs NR NR Repeated Measures ANOVA F= 2.3 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 HomVEE = 0.27 Primary
Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
Outcome Description of Measure Data Collection Method Properties of the Outcome Measure Outcome Type
Parenting Stress Index-Short Form The Parenting Stress Index (PSI)-Short Form assesses stress in the parent-child relationship arising from child temperament, parental depression, and negatively reinforcing parent-child interactions. The PSI includes three domains (Parent Distress, Difficult Child, and Parent–Child Dysfunctional) and items are rated on a 5-point scale from strongly disagree to strongly agree . Parent/caregiver report For a subsample of participants, Cronbach’s α = 0.92 (total scale) Cronbach’s α = 0.83 to 0.88 (across subscales) Primary
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