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Oklahoma’s Community-Based Family Resource and Support (CBFRS) Program

Meets DHHS criteria for an evidenced based model

Last Updated: October 2012

In Brief for Positive Parenting Practices Outcomes

Impact Studies Rated Moderate


Culp, A. M., Culp, R. E., Hechtner-Galvin, T., Howell, C. S., Saathoff-Wells, T., & Marr, P. (2004). First-time mothers in home visitation services utilizing child development specialists. Infant Mental Health Journal, 25(1), 1-15. doi:10.1002/imhj.10086.
Show Study Effects Details
Outcome Effect Sample Timing of Follow-Up Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Mean Difference or Odds Ratio
Statistical Significance
Effect Size
Outcome Type
Acceptance Favorable Oklahoma 12 months 263 caregivers Adjusted mean = 6.56 Adjusted mean = 5.95 MD = 0.61 Statistically significant, p < 0.01 Study reported = 0.44 Primary
Home safety Favorable Oklahoma 12 months 263 caregivers Adjusted mean = 38.1 Adjusted mean = 36.9 MD = 1.2 Statistically significant, p < 0.01 Study reported = 0.46 Primary
Involvement No Effect Oklahoma 12 months 263 caregivers Adjusted mean = 5.13 Adjusted mean = 5.14 MD = -0.01 Not statistically significant, p ≥ 0.05 HomVEE = -0.01 Primary
Learning materials No Effect Oklahoma 12 months 263 caregivers Adjusted mean = 8.17 Adjusted mean = 8.45 MD = -0.28 Not statistically significant, p ≥ 0.05 HomVEE = -0.22 Primary
Organization No Effect Oklahoma 12 months 263 caregivers Adjusted mean = 5.59 Adjusted mean = 5.44 MD = 0.15 Not statistically significant, p ≥ 0.05 Study reported = 0.18 Primary
Responsivity No Effect Oklahoma 12 months 263 caregivers Adjusted mean = 10.5 Adjusted mean = 10.3 MD = 0.2 Not statistically significant, p ≥ 0.05 HomVEE = 0.17 Primary
Variety No Effect Oklahoma 12 months 263 caregivers Adjusted mean = 3.7 Adjusted mean = 3.61 MD = 0.09 Not statistically significant, p ≥ 0.05 HomVEE = 0.07 Primary
Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
Outcome Description of Measure Data Collection Method Properties of the Outcome Measure Outcome Type
Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment scores The Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment inventory (0-3) assesses parent-child interactions. The authors examined all six subscales: acceptance, involvement, learning materials, organization, responsitivity, and variety. Observational assessment Interrater reliability was 94% Primary
Home safety The Massachusetts Safety Checklist assesses the safety of the home in kitchen, bathroom, and child areas as well as safety practices. Home assessment Not reported by author Primary
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