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Minding the Baby®

Meets DHHS criteria for an evidenced based model

Last Updated: November 2014

In Brief for Maternal Health Outcomes

Impact Studies Rated Moderate


Sadler, L. S., Slade, A., Close, N., Webb, D. L., Simpson, T., Fennie, K., & Mayes, L. C. (2013). Minding the Baby: Enhancing reflectiveness to improve early health and relationship outcomes in an interdisciplinary home-visiting program. Infant Mental Health Journal, 34(5), 391-405.
Additional Source:

Sadler, L. S., Slade, A., Close, N., & Mayes, L. (2011). Minding the Baby: A mentalization-based parenting program for young families. (Presentation slides).

Show Study Effects Details
Outcome Effect Sample Timing of Follow-Up Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Mean Difference or Odds Ratio
Statistical Significance
Effect Size
Outcome Type
Atypical Maternal Behavior Instrument for Assessment and Classification (AMBIANCE) Scale - response of Disrupted Communication No Effect Minding the Baby pilot - 4 months 4 months 76 mothers Mean = 60.5% Mean = 73% MD = -12.5% p = 0.2 HomVEE-calculated = -0.35 Primary
BriefSymptom Inventory (BSI) - Anxiety subscale - 12 months No Effect Minding the Baby pilot - 12 months 12 months 78 mothers Mean = 48.1 Mean = 45.8 MD = 2.3 p > 0.05 HomVEE-calculated = 0.23 Secondary
BriefSymptom Inventory (BSI) - Anxiety subscale - 24 months No Effect Minding the Baby pilot - 24 months 24 months 75 mothers Mean = 47.1 Mean = 45.4 MD = 1.7 p > 0.05 HomVEE-calculated = 0.20 Secondary
BriefSymptom Inventory (BSI) - Depression subscale - 12 months No Effect Minding the Baby pilot - 12 months 12 months 78 mothers Mean = 48.5 Mean = 46.7 MD = 1.8 p > 0.05 HomVEE-calculated = 0.20 Secondary
BriefSymptom Inventory (BSI) - Depression subscale - 24 months No Effect Minding the Baby pilot - 24 months 24 months 75 mothers Mean = 48.6 Mean = 46.5 MD = 2.1 p > 0.05 HomVEE-calculated = 0.23 Secondary
BriefSymptom Inventory (BSI) - Global Severity Index (GSI) - 12 months No Effect Minding the Baby pilot - 12 months 12 months 78 mothers Mean = 48.4 Mean = 47.3 MD = 1.1 p > 0.05 HomVEE-calculated = 0.10 Secondary
BriefSymptom Inventory (BSI) - Global Severity Index (GSI) - 24 months No Effect Minding the Baby pilot - 24 months 24 months 75 mothers Mean = 48.1 Mean = 46.9 MD = 1.2 p > 0.05 HomVEE-calculated = 0.12 Secondary
BriefSymptom Inventory (BSI) - Somatization subscale - 12 months No Effect Minding the Baby pilot - 12 months 12 months 78 mothers Mean = 50.6 Mean = 52.9 MD = -2.3 p > 0.05 HomVEE-calculated = -0.20 Secondary
BriefSymptom Inventory (BSI) - Somatization subscale - 24 months No Effect Minding the Baby pilot - 24 months 24 months 75 mothers Mean = 51.1 Mean = 51.0 MD = 0.1 p > 0.05 HomVEE-calculated = 0.01 Secondary
Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) - 12 months No Effect Minding the Baby pilot - 12 months 12 months 78 mothers Mean = 13.4 Mean = 11.3 MD = 2.1 p > 0.05 HomVEE-calculated = 0.21 Secondary
Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) - 24 months No Effect Minding the Baby pilot - 24 months 24 months 75 mothers Mean = 12.8 Mean = 10.8 MD = 2.0 p > 0.05 HomVEE-calculated = 0.20 Secondary
Rapid subsequent childbearing - birth of second child within 24 months of the index birth Favorable Minding the Baby pilot - 24 months 24 months 75 mothers Mean = 1.6% Mean = 15% MD = -13.4% p = 0.019 HomVEE-calculated = -1.42 Primary
Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
Outcome Description of Measure Data Collection Method Properties of the Outcome Measure Outcome Type
Atypical Maternal Behavior Instrument for Assessment and Classification (AMBIANCE) Scale - response of Disrupted Communication Videotaped interactions between mother and infant when babies were 4 months old were coded on a 7 point scale, ranging from 1 (high normal) to 7 (disrupted communication with few or no ameliorating behaviors) Videotape Not provided Primary
BriefSymptom Inventory (BSI) - Anxiety subscale - 12 months Anxiety subscale of the BSI Maternal self report α = 0.90 in for overall BSI Secondary
BriefSymptom Inventory (BSI) - Anxiety subscale - 24 months Anxiety subscale of the BSI Maternal self report α = 0.90 in for overall BSI Secondary
BriefSymptom Inventory (BSI) - Depression subscale - 12 months Depression subscale of the BSI Maternal self report α = 0.90 in for overall BSI Secondary
BriefSymptom Inventory (BSI) - Depression subscale - 24 months Depression subscale of the BSI Maternal self report α = 0.90 in for overall BSI Secondary
BriefSymptom Inventory (BSI) - Global Severity Index (GSI) - 12 months A widely-used 18-item measure of psychopathology that yields an index to indicate the severity of symptoms experienced in the prior two weeks. Maternal self report α = 0.90 in for overall BSI Secondary
BriefSymptom Inventory (BSI) - Global Severity Index (GSI) - 24 months A widely-used 18-item measure of psychopathology that yields an index to indicate the severity of symptoms experienced in the prior two weeks. Maternal self report α = 0.90 in for overall BSI Secondary
BriefSymptom Inventory (BSI) - Somatization subscale - 12 months Somatization subscale of the BSI Maternal self report α = 0.90 in for overall BSI Secondary
BriefSymptom Inventory (BSI) - Somatization subscale - 24 months Somatization subscale of the BSI Maternal self report α = 0.90 in for overall BSI Secondary
Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) - 12 months 20 items selected from other depression scales, to describe six major symptom areas of depression. Mother report α = 0.89 in a sample of urban adolescents and adolescent mothers Secondary
Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) - 24 months 20 items selected from other depression scales, to describe six major symptom areas of depression. Mother report α = 0.89 in a sample of urban adolescents and adolescent mothers Secondary
Rapid subsequent childbearing - birth of second child within 24 months of the index birth Indicates whether the mother had a repeat birth within 24 months Mother report and health center record review Not applicable Primary
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