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Healthy Beginnings

Meets DHHS criteria for an evidenced based model

Last Updated: June 2015

In Brief for Positive Parenting Practices Outcomes

Impact Studies Rated Moderate


Wen, L. M., Baur, L. A., Simpson, J. M., Rissel, C., & Flood, V. M. (2011). Effectiveness of an early intervention on infant feeding practices and "tummy time": A randomized controlled trial. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 165(8), 701-707.
Show Study Effects Details
Outcome Effect Sample Timing of Follow-Up Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Mean Difference or Odds Ratio
Statistical Significance
Effect Size
Outcome Type
Bottle at bedtime Favorable Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 12 months 527 mothers Unadjusted mean = 0.35 Unadjusted mean = 0.44 MD = -0.09 Statistically significant,
p = 0.04
HomVEE = -0.23 Secondary
Food used as reward Favorable Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 12 months 527 mothers Unadjusted mean = 0.18 Unadjusted mean = 0.25 MD = -0.07 Statistically significant,
p = 0.04
HomVEE = -0.27 Secondary
Tummy time-age started (4 to 8 weeks) Favorable Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 6 months 561 mothers Unadjusted mean = 0.22 Unadjusted mean = 0.26 MD = -0.04 Statistically significant,
p = 0.03
HomVEE = -0.12 Secondary
Tummy time-age started (later than 8 weeks) Favorable Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 6 months 561 mothers Unadjusted mean = 0.19 Unadjusted mean = 0.25 MD = -0.06 Statistically significant,
p = 0.03
HomVEE = -0.20 Secondary
Tummy time-age started (less than 4 weeks) Favorable Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 6 months 561 mothers Unadjusted mean = 0.58 Unadjusted mean = 0.49 MD = 0.09 Statistically significant,
p = 0.03
HomVEE = 0.22 Secondary
Tummy time-if daily Favorable Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 6 months 561 mothers Unadjusted mean = 0.83 Unadjusted mean = 0.76 MD = 0.07 Statistically significant,
p = 0.05
HomVEE = 0.25 Secondary

1 Authors indicated that negative effect favors the treatment group.

Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
Outcome Description of Measure Data Collection Method Properties of the Outcome Measure Outcome Type
Bottle at bedtime Percentage of mothers who put the child to bed with a bottle at 12 months Mother report Not applicable Secondary
Food used as reward Percentage of mothers reporting they used food as a reward with child Mother report Not applicable Secondary
Tummy time-age started (4 to 8 weeks) Percentage of mothers who had the child spend time on his/her tummy when child was between 4 and 8 weeks old Mother report Not applicable Secondary
Tummy time-age started (later than 8 weeks) Percentage of mothers who had the child spend time on his/her tummy when child was older than 8 weeks old Mother report Not applicable Secondary
Tummy time-age started (less than 4 weeks) Percentage of mothers who had the child spend time on his/her tummy when child was less than 4 weeks old Mother report Not applicable Secondary
Tummy time-if daily Percentage of mothers who had the child spend time daily on his/her tummy Mother report Not applicable Secondary

Wen, L. M., Baur, L. A., Simpson, J. M., Rissel, C., Wardle, K., & Flood, V. M. (2012). Effectiveness of home based early intervention on children's BMI at age 2: Randomised controlled trial. BMJ, 344, e3732.
Show Study Effects Details
Outcome Effect Sample Timing of Follow-Up Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Mean Difference or Odds Ratio
Statistical Significance
Effect Size
Outcome Type
Child eat dinner in front of TV-Complete Case Analysis Favorable Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 24 months 494 children Unadjusted mean = 0.56 Unadjusted mean = 0.68 MD = -0.12 Statistically significant,
p = 0.01
HomVEE = -0.31 Secondary
Child watch TV >60 minutes/day-Complete Case Analysis Favorable Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 24 months 434 children Unadjusted mean = 0.14 Unadjusted mean = 0.22 MD = -0.08 Statistically significant,
p = 0.02
HomVEE = -0.35 Secondary
Food used as a reward-Complete Case Analysis Favorable Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 24 months 493 children Unadjusted mean = 0.62 Unadjusted mean = 0.72 MD = -0.09 Statistically significant,
p = 0.03
HomVEE = -0.25 Secondary
TV on during meal-Complete Case Analysis Favorable Sydney, Australia Healthy Beginnings Trial 24 months 496 children Unadjusted mean = 0.66 Unadjusted mean = 0.76 MD = -0.10 Statistically significant,
p = 0.02
HomVEE = -0.29 Secondary

1 Authors indicated that negative effect favors the treatment group.

Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
Outcome Description of Measure Data Collection Method Properties of the Outcome Measure Outcome Type
Child eat dinner in front of TV-Complete Case Analysis Percentage of children who eat dinner in front of the TV Mother report Not applicable Secondary
Child watch TV >60 minutes/day-Complete Case Analysis Percentage of children watching TV for more than 60 minutes per day Mother report Not applicable Secondary
Food used as a reward-Complete Case Analysis Percentage of mothers reporting they used food as a reward with child Mother report Not applicable Secondary
TV on during meal-Complete Case Analysis Percentage of mothers reporting the TV is on during meals Mother report Not applicable Secondary
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